Biology Chapter 1

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Author:
gabby12142
ID:
258905
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Biology Chapter 1
Updated:
2014-01-28 19:17:25
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Intro Bio
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Biology,science
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Biology introduction chapter 1
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  1. The 7 characteristics of Life
    1. Living things have a different molecular composition than non living things

    2. Living things require energy and raw materials

    3. Living things are composed of cells

    4. Living things maintain homeostasis

    5. Living things respond to their external environment

    6. Living things grow and reproduce

    7. Populations of living things evolve
  2. The hierarchy of classification (largest to smallest)
    1. Domains

    2. Kingdoms

    3. Phylum

    4. Class

    5. Order

    6. Family

    7. Genus

    8. Species
  3. The 3 Domains
    1. Bacteria

    2. Archaea

    3. Eukaryota
  4. Bacteria
    Single cells with no nucleus (prokaryo)
  5. Acharea
    Single cells with no nucleus, live under extreme conditions (prokaryo)
  6. The kingdoms are under which domain?
    Eukaryota
  7. The 4 Kingdoms
    1. Protista

    2. Animalia

    3. Fungi

    4. Plantes
  8. What is under the Protista kingdom?
    Protozoans and algae, which are unicellular and eukaryotic
  9. What is under the Animalia kingdom?
    Animals (ex.Humans), which are multicellular, eukaryotic, and heterotrophic
  10. What is under the Fungi kingdom?
    Fungus, which are eukaryotic and decomposers
  11. What is under the Plantae kingdom?
    plants, which are multicellular, eukaryotic, and photosynthesizers
  12. Criteria for Classifications
    1. Presence or absence of a nucleus

    2. Number of cells

    3. Type of metabolism
  13. Unicellular
    One cell
  14. Multicellular
    More than one cell
  15. Species
    The smallest unit of classification
  16. Genus
    Second smallest unit of classification
  17. Classification of humans
    Domain:Eukaryou

    Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum:Chordata

    Class: mammalia

    Order: Primates

    Family: Hominidae

    Genus: Homo

    Species: Sapians
  18. 4 Defining Features of Humans
    1. Bipedaism- able to stand upright and walk on two legs

    2. Opposable thumbs 

    3. Large Brain

    4. Capacity for Language
  19. Levels of Biological Organization that human biology can be studies on
    1. Atom

    2. Cell

    3. Tissue

    4. organ

    5. Organ System

    6.Organism

    7.Population

    8. Community

    9. Ecosystem

    10. Biosphere
  20. Science
    2 things: Knowledge about the natural world

                 The Process to acquire knowledge,                   scientific method
  21. Steps of the Scientific Method
    1. Observe and Generalize

    2. Formulate a hypothesis 

    3.Make a testable prediction

    4. List materials and be specific

    5. Experiment or observe

    6. Analyze and record results

    7. Modify the hypothesis if necessary and repeat

    8.State your conclusion
  22. Inductive Reasoning
    Make generalizations based on observation about the world
  23. Hypothesis
    An educated guess
  24. Homeostasis
    maintaining an internal environment compatible with life
  25. Biology
    the study of life
  26. Cell
    The smallest unit that exhibits all the characteristics of life

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