An insured's building has an actual cash value of $200,000, and he has insured the property for $120,000 with an 80% coinsurance clause. A $40,000 loss occurs. How much will the policy pay?
A. $0
B. $30,000
C. $32,000
D. $40,000
B. $30,000
The insured only carried 75% of the amount of insurance he had agreed to carry ($120,000 of the agreed $160,000), so the insurer will pay only 75% of the loss, or $30,000. If the insured had carried the required amount of insurance, partial losses would be paid in full. In the event of a total loss, the face of the policy would be paid. If the full amount is not carried, divide the actual amount carried by the amount that should be carried (the coinsurance amount), and multiply it by the loss.