Motor Control and Motor Learning

The flashcards below were created by user amills1 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Motor Control definition
    • ability to maintain and change posture and movement
    • is the result of a complex set of mechanical and neurological processes
    • resulting from motor cognitive and perceptual development
  2. Hierarchic Theory
    • Control from top down
    • Cortex->Mid brain-> Brain Stem
  3. Lower level of control
    • Spinal cord and brain stem
    • static postures and reflexive, non-purposeful movement
    • primitive reflexes
    • inhibited by higher CNS levels as brain develops
  4. middle level of control
    • midbrain
    • quadruped activities
    • righting reactions
  5. higher level of control
    • cortex
    • protective and equilibrium responses
    • bipedal movement
  6. stage 1
    • mobility
    • initation of movement
    • avaiablilty of ROM necessary for activity
  7. stage 2
    • stability
    • ability to maintain a steady antigravity posture
    • tonic hold and co-contraction
  8. stage 3
    • controlled mobility
    • weight shifting within a posture, righting reactions
    • proximal stability with distal mobility
  9. stage 4
    • skill (cortex)
    • ability to manipulate the environment
    • locomotion
    • selective voluntary movement
  10. Cognitive phase
    • new to learner, understanding task
    • "what to do"
  11. associative phase
    • phase practice movement
    • errors decreasing
    • spatial/temporal
    • more proprioceptive
    • "how to do"
  12. autonomous phase
    • refined movement
    • requires little thought
    • "how to succeed"
  13. Strategies for cognitive phase
    • Task orient
    • Augmented feedback
    • facilitation
    • low effort
    • part to whole task
  14. strategies for associative phase
    • frequent practice
    • ID only freq errors
    • more whole task than partial
    • no facilitation
    • more self correction
  15. strategies for autonomous phase
    • vary environmental context
    • use distractions
  16. Retention
    • perform skill over time
    • after period of non-use
  17. Generalizability
    able to apply learned skill to similair tasks
  18. adaptability
    applying a skill in new environmental situations
  19. distributed practice
    • spaced intervals
    • rest exceeds activity
    • preferred for therapy
  20. massed practice
    continuous sessions where rest is less than activity
  21. blocked order
    111, 222, 333
  22. serial order
    123,123,123
  23. variable order
    213,132,321
Author:
amills1
ID:
258950
Card Set:
Motor Control and Motor Learning
Updated:
2014-01-29 02:43:10
Tags:
Motor Control Learning PTA 212
Folders:

Description:
Motor Control and Motor Learning PP
Show Answers: