Motor Control and Motor Learning

Card Set Information

Author:
amills1
ID:
258950
Filename:
Motor Control and Motor Learning
Updated:
2014-01-28 21:43:10
Tags:
Motor Control Learning PTA 212
Folders:

Description:
Motor Control and Motor Learning PP
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user amills1 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Motor Control definition
    • ability to maintain and change posture and movement
    • is the result of a complex set of mechanical and neurological processes
    • resulting from motor cognitive and perceptual development
  2. Hierarchic Theory
    • Control from top down
    • Cortex->Mid brain-> Brain Stem
  3. Lower level of control
    • Spinal cord and brain stem
    • static postures and reflexive, non-purposeful movement
    • primitive reflexes
    • inhibited by higher CNS levels as brain develops
  4. middle level of control
    • midbrain
    • quadruped activities
    • righting reactions
  5. higher level of control
    • cortex
    • protective and equilibrium responses
    • bipedal movement
  6. stage 1
    • mobility
    • initation of movement
    • avaiablilty of ROM necessary for activity
  7. stage 2
    • stability
    • ability to maintain a steady antigravity posture
    • tonic hold and co-contraction
  8. stage 3
    • controlled mobility
    • weight shifting within a posture, righting reactions
    • proximal stability with distal mobility
  9. stage 4
    • skill (cortex)
    • ability to manipulate the environment
    • locomotion
    • selective voluntary movement
  10. Cognitive phase
    • new to learner, understanding task
    • "what to do"
  11. associative phase
    • phase practice movement
    • errors decreasing
    • spatial/temporal
    • more proprioceptive
    • "how to do"
  12. autonomous phase
    • refined movement
    • requires little thought
    • "how to succeed"
  13. Strategies for cognitive phase
    • Task orient
    • Augmented feedback
    • facilitation
    • low effort
    • part to whole task
  14. strategies for associative phase
    • frequent practice
    • ID only freq errors
    • more whole task than partial
    • no facilitation
    • more self correction
  15. strategies for autonomous phase
    • vary environmental context
    • use distractions
  16. Retention
    • perform skill over time
    • after period of non-use
  17. Generalizability
    able to apply learned skill to similair tasks
  18. adaptability
    applying a skill in new environmental situations
  19. distributed practice
    • spaced intervals
    • rest exceeds activity
    • preferred for therapy
  20. massed practice
    continuous sessions where rest is less than activity
  21. blocked order
    111, 222, 333
  22. serial order
    123,123,123
  23. variable order
    213,132,321

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview