Card Set Information
vet assistant HAB
Studying for my mid term
What is involved in the patient assessment?
1. Level of consciousness?
2. Are they breathing?
3. Mucous membrane color?
Check the ABC's
Airway, Breathing and Circulation.
if obstruction of airway isn't visible, try Heimlich.
30 breaths :2 compressions
A substance that supports life
Energy Producing Nutrients?
Non-energy Producing Nutrients?
are divided into what three sections?
Sugar, pure energy
Starches which need to be broken down
Fiber is indigestible and is used as roughage
Types of Fiber
Soluble, is bacteria in the intestines that helps to break down food and contributes to intestine health
and Insoluble which aids in waste transit
building materials for growth,repair, and maintenance in the body
vary from individual to individual, depending on age, species, health, activity level, etc. etc.
the basic structural components of protein.
Essential Amino Acids
Are amino acids that the body does not produce on its own and they need to be absorbed through food.
How Many Amino Acids Are There?
There are a total of 22. An animal source would have all of them, but a plant would not.
What Do Fats Do?
help absorb certain vitamins
skin and coat health
Basic Units Of Fats?
Fatty Acids That Are Not Naturally Produced Within The Body Are Called?
Essential Fatty Acids
are solid at room temperature
come from an animal source
Mono saturated fats
are liquid at room temperature
and come from a plant source
3, 6 & 9
play an important role throughout the body:
Nerve impulse conduction
the two classifications of minerals are
macro-minerals- high amounts
micro-minerals- low amounts
Water Soluble Vitamins?
B complex and C
Fat Soluble Vitamins?
A,D,E, & K
Fat Soluble Vitamins Are More Likely____, Because?
Toxic, because they will store and build up in fats.
Their main energy comes from?
Omnivores and scavengers, they eat a wide variety of foods.
their main energy comes from protein
Canines need what from food?
10 essential amino acids
2 essential fatty acids
11 Essential amino acids (taurine is extra)
3 Essential fatty acids ( arachadonic acid)
Felines have an increased requirement for
B vitamins, niacin, and pyridoxine
Why can't cats tolerate fasts like dogs do?
they will suffer from hepatic lipidosis, or fatty liver
Life Stages of food?
Adverse Reaction to Food
An intolerance to a certain food is shown by:
vomiting or diarreah
An allergy is shown in
inflammation of the, ears, paws and face.
lesions on the body
vomiting or diarreah
Diagnosis of Allergies?
or the best route is an elimination diet
How would an elimination diet be performed
by introducing your dog to a 2 ingredient diet for 6 weeks. and slowly adding one ingredient at a time.
How many permanent teeth do dogs possess?
Types of teeth
premolars/ molars- shearing/grinding
rimary teeth are shed by:
What gets charted during a dental exam/ cleaning?
Home care after a dental appointment?
brush your animals teeth every day, enzymatic toothpaste
practice what you preach
look for VOHC
supply dental treats and toys
prevent chewing on hard or abrasive surfaces
Normal dog behaviour?
interactions based on fight or flight
aggressive dispute resolution
not deep thinkers
body language (distance-reducing/increasing and displacement)
Canine developmental periods:
: stressed mum= stressed pup
: 0-2 weeks eyes open at 10-16 days ears at 14-20
5 step training program?
ENCOURAGE wanted behavior
PREVENT unwanted behavior
MEET behavioral and physical needs
TAKE AWAY to discourage
ADD SOMETHING (pinch collar, scat mat)
Normal Feline Behaviour:
scratching (grooms clas/leaves scent markers)
: stressed mum= stressed kitten
: 0-2wks eyes 5 days ears 7-10
: maybe not present
: 7-24 weeks