Midterm Exam

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Anonymous
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258987
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Midterm Exam
Updated:
2014-01-29 00:58:43
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vet assistant HAB
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Studying for my mid term
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  1. What is involved in the patient assessment?
    • 1. Level of consciousness?
    • 2. Are they breathing?
    • 3. Mucous membrane color?
    • 4. CRT?
    • 5. Ambulatory?
  2. CPR?
    • Check the ABC's
    • Airway, Breathing and Circulation.
    • if obstruction of airway isn't visible, try Heimlich.
    • 30 breaths :2 compressions
  3. Nutrient
    A substance that supports life
  4. Energy Producing Nutrients?
    • Carbohydrates
    • Proteins
    • Fats
  5. Non-energy Producing Nutrients?
    • Water
    • Minerals
    • Vitamins
  6. Carbohydrates are divided into what three sections?
    • Sugar, pure energy
    • Starches which need to be broken down
    • Fiber is indigestible and is used as roughage
  7. Types of Fiber
    • Soluble, is bacteria in the intestines that helps to break down food and contributes to intestine health
    • and Insoluble which aids in waste transit
  8. Protein Provides?
    building materials for growth,repair, and maintenance in the body
  9. Protein Requirements?
    vary from individual to individual, depending on age, species, health, activity level, etc. etc.
  10. Amino acids?
    the basic structural components of protein.
  11. Essential Amino Acids
    Are amino acids that the body does not produce on its own and they need to be absorbed through food.
  12. How Many Amino Acids Are There?
    There are a total of 22. An animal source would have all of them, but a plant would not.
  13. What Do Fats Do?
    • energy source
    • raise palatability
    • help absorb certain vitamins
    • insulation
    • inflammation
    • skin and coat health
  14. Basic Units Of Fats?
    fatty acids.
  15. Fatty Acids That Are Not Naturally Produced Within The Body Are Called?
    Essential Fatty Acids
  16. Saturated Fats:
    • are solid at room temperature
    • come from an animal source
  17. Mono saturated fats:
    • are liquid at room temperature
    • and come from a plant source
  18. Omega
    3, 6 & 9
  19. Minerals play an important role throughout the body:
    • Nerve impulse conduction
    • bone calcium
  20. the two classifications of minerals are
    • macro-minerals- high amounts
    • micro-minerals- low amounts
  21. Water Soluble Vitamins?
    B complex and C
  22. Fat Soluble Vitamins?
    A,D,E, & K
  23. Fat Soluble Vitamins Are More Likely____, Because?
    Toxic, because they will store and build up in fats.
  24. Canines are
    Their main energy comes from?
    • Omnivores and scavengers, they eat a wide variety of foods.
    • their main energy comes from protein
  25. Canines need what from food?
    • 10 essential amino acids
    • 2 essential fatty acids
  26. Felines are?
    carnivores
  27. Felines need:
    • 11 Essential amino acids (taurine is extra)
    • 3 Essential fatty acids ( arachadonic acid)
  28. Felines have an increased requirement for
    B vitamins, niacin, and pyridoxine
  29. Why can't cats tolerate fasts like dogs do?
    they will suffer from hepatic lipidosis, or fatty liver
  30. Life Stages of food?
    • Puppy/Kitten
    • Adult
    • Senior
  31. ARF
    Adverse Reaction to Food
  32. An intolerance to a certain food is shown by:
    vomiting or diarreah
  33. An allergy is shown in
    • inflammation of the, ears, paws and face.
    • being itchy
    • lesions on the body
    • vomiting or diarreah
  34. Diagnosis of Allergies?
    • Blood test
    • or the best route is an elimination diet
  35. How would an elimination diet be performed
    by introducing your dog to a 2 ingredient diet for 6 weeks. and slowly adding one ingredient at a time.
  36. How many permanent teeth do dogs possess?
    Cats?
    • 42
    • 30
  37. Types of teeth
    • incisors- gnawing/grooming
    • canines- tearing/ripping
    • premolars/ molars- shearing/grinding
  38. Primary teeth are shed by:
    6-8 months
  39. What gets charted during a dental exam/ cleaning?
    • Gingivitis
    • calculus
    • pockets
    • damaged teeth
    • missing teeth
    • resorptive lesion
  40. Home care after a dental appointment?
    • brush your animals teeth every day, enzymatic toothpaste
    • practice what you preach
    • look for VOHC
    • supply dental treats and toys
    • prevent chewing on hard or abrasive surfaces
    • regular exams
  41. Normal dog behaviour?
    • highly social
    • socialization period
    • interactions based on fight or flight
    • aggressive dispute resolution
    • predators
    • olofactory
    • scavengers
    • amoral
    • self interested
    • not deep thinkers
  42. Canine communaication
    • vocalizations
    • scent markers
    • visual markers
    • body language (distance-reducing/increasing and displacement)
  43. Canine developmental periods:
    • Fetal: stressed mum= stressed pup
    • Neonatal: 0-2 weeks eyes open at 10-16 days ears at 14-20
    • Transitional 2-4 weeks
    • Socialization 4-14 weeks
    • Jeuvenille continuing socialization
  44. 5 step training program?
    • ENCOURAGE wanted behavior
    • PREVENT unwanted behavior
    • MEET behavioral and physical needs
    • TAKE AWAY to discourage
    • ADD SOMETHING (pinch collar, scat mat)
  45. Canine Temperament
    • Fearfulness
    • Reactivity
    • Sociability
    • Responsiveness
    • Dominance/Submission
    • Aggression
    • Activity
  46. Normal Feline Behaviour:
    • Social/Solitary
    • Socialization period
    • fight/flight
    • predator/prey
    • olofactory
    • amoral
    • self interested
    • scratching (grooms clas/leaves scent markers)
    • elimination
  47. Feline Communication
    • vocalization
    • scent markers
    • visual markers
    • body language
    • ambivalent
  48. Feline Development
    • Fetal: stressed mum= stressed kitten
    • neonatal: 0-2wks eyes 5 days ears 7-10
    • Transitional: maybe not present
    • Juvenile: 7-24 weeks

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