P5010 Chapter 8

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jaws288
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259049
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P5010 Chapter 8
Updated:
2014-01-29 12:49:58
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P5010 Chapter
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HM1 Exam
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P5010 Chapter 8 Ectomology for March 2014 Advancement exam
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  1. What does the term vector mean?
    Organisms, Primarily Arthropods and Rodents that transmit Disease
  2. What instructions govern the basic standards and policies of the navys pest control program
    DOD Directive 4150.7 and the pest management program
  3. what instructions provides the navy with maximum effectiveness, efficiency, and safety in pest control operations. (this card sucks sorry)
    OPNAVINST 6250.4 (ON SHORE), OPNAVINST 5090.1( ON SHORE), (AT SEA) BUMEDINST 6250.12
  4. The SMDR and corpsman responsible for pest control must attend training how often
    Yearly
  5. Can personnel preform pesticide dispersal and other pest control programs if they are not officially qualified?
    Yes, as long as someone that is certified provides direct supervision.
  6. any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest is called?
    Pesticide
  7. Antoher Pesticide that varies in function and is determined by the type of formulation, means of application and mode of action is called
    Fumigants
  8. What is an acaricide used to control
    Mites, Scorpions, spiders, ticks, and related organisms
  9. what is a fungicide used to control
    Fungi
  10. what is a Herbicide used to control
    Undesired Vegitation
  11. A ________ used to control insects, sometimes ussed in a broader sense to include the control of arthropods other than insects?
    Insecticide
  12. True or False insecticides are broken down by the life stage that is being targeted
    True
  13. Adulticide is used to control what stage of insect, and Larvicide is used for
    Adult stage and larval stage of life
  14. what stage of an insects life does ovicide target
    Egg stage
  15. Molluscicide are used to control what
    Snails and other mollusks
  16. What substance is used to control rodents
    rodentcides
  17. what pesticides are compounds of mineral origan
    inorganic pesticides
  18. what pesticides are a group of synthetic organic compounds with one or more chlorine atoms
    chlorinated hydrocarbons
  19. what is an Ex. of a chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticide
    Dichloro-Diphenyl Trichloroethane (DDT)
  20. What pesticides are synthetic compounds containing phosphorous
    Organophosphates
  21. what pesticides are compounds of salt or esters of carbamic acid
    Carbamates
  22. what pesticides are made from plant origans
    botanicals
  23. how do desiccants pesticides kill
    by utilizing absorptive dust, causing dehydration
  24. which pesticide kills by containing parasitic microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoans
    Biological pesticides
  25. which pesticide kills by applying poisonous substances to material such as wood
    preservative pesticide
  26. which pesticides chemically sterilize pests
    chemosterilants
  27. what is used to control vegetation in a given area for up to 6 months, and dwelling animals.
    soil sterilants
  28. what pesticides use compounds absorbed by and trans-located throughout the host plant or animal to kill parasites sucking juice or body fluids.
    systemic pesticides
  29. what pesticides kill by using synthetic hormone-like compounds that prevent the growth of and/or maturity of the target plant or animal
    Growth Regulator Pesticides
  30. What are the six types of formulation selection used to mix or suspend pesticides for dispersion
    • - Granules/Pellets
    • - Oil Solutions
    • - Other Pesticides
    • - Dust
    • - Emulsions
    • - Suspensions
  31. what is the most useful size range when dispersing granules/pellets
    15 - 40 mesh
  32. what is a material, that enhance the effectiveness of basic toxic chemicals by altering their physical or chemical characteristics
    additives
  33. what are aerosols defined as
    a suspension of liquid or solid particles in dispersed into the air (.1-50 Microns)
  34. Define Mists
    Dispersed particles in which the particles are intermediate in size (50-100 Microns)
  35. what is the most commonly used formulation of pesticides dispersal
    Sprays
  36. fine sprays considered to be what to what in micron diameter
    100-400 microns
  37. coarse sprays consist of droplets over _____ Microns in Diameter
    400 Microns
  38. what three meteorological conditions effect selection of pesticides and dispersal methods
    Convection, Wind, And Temperature.
  39. what is the prefered wind speed and temp. for dispersal
    1-7 Knots and 70 Degrees F or (21 Degrees C)
  40. how often should you check bait stations
    at least monthly unless rodent activity is noted; then they should be checked at least weekly
  41. What else must be worn in addition to a respirator when applying pesticides.
    Protective Clothing
  42. how often do you change the cartridges on a respirator while spraying
    after 8 hours or if odor is detected replace immediately
  43. How often do you change the cartridges on a respirator while performing Heavy Spraying
    every 4 hours with heavy spraying or immediately if odor is deteched
  44. Decontamination is the _______ of the toxicant to the disposal area. Not ___________
    Removal, Neutralization
  45. what antidote is given to a patient that has been poisoned by an organophosphorus pesticide
    Atropine sulfate by IV every 5-10 until Atropinization starts to occur, for 24 hours
  46. Can children be treated with atropine sulfate, if so what would the dose be?
    Yes, 0.05 mg/kg
  47. what support drug is given to adults in addition to atropine sulfate for organophosphorus poisoning
    2- PAM Chloride
  48. what is the adult and child's dose of 2 Pam Chloride given for Organophosphorus Poisoning treatment
    1gm IV Push (slowly) or 250mg IV Push (slowly) for an infant
  49. What treatment of a poisoning has a contraindication of administering 2pam cL
    Carbamate Poisioning
  50. what is given iv push when treating organochlorine pesticide poisoning
    Calcium Gluconate (10% in 10ml amps. q4)
  51. Which fly's transmit the disease protozoan trypanosomomes that cause human's African sleeping sickness
    Tsetse flies
  52. what fly is also known as the blue bottle or green bottle flies
    Blowfly
  53. whcih flies cause obligate myiasis and in the rare case of human infection can move around in the dermis or subdermis
    bot flies
  54. what is another name of  Bot Flies
    warble flies
  55. what characteristics make the Tsetse Fly easily reconizable
    they fold their wings in a scissor-like way above the abdomen when resting
  56. what types of diseases can sand flies carry and when does the female normally bite
    Bacterial, viral, and protozoa types

    And the females bite at night and the males don't bite
  57. what flies are also known as No-See-Ums
    Biting midges
  58. emulsion formulations should NOT be used on tents because
    it will breakdown the water proofing of the tent and cause leaks
  59. what type of mesh is used to protect against mosquitoes in the permanent or semi-permanet living quarters
    18-Mesh Screening
  60. what is the most common cockroach
    German Cockroach
  61. what are the most common disease carrying mosquitoes
    Aedes, anopheles, and Culex
  62. what are some common diseases spread by anopheles
    Dengue fever, yellow fever, and westnile
  63. what is the preferred bait station or gel bait formulation used to combat cockroaches
    Combat TM
  64. when applying cockroach treatment how long must the space remain air tight and how long must it be ventilated post - entry
    30mins-1HR, and 30 Mins post entry
  65. how large must an infestation be in stored food to be considered unfit for human consumption?
    1-7 Insects per Lbs depending on the species
  66. how often must a pest survey be conducted on a ship
    Monthly
  67. what is the DD 1222 used for
    request for and results of test ( Must be submitted with insect whenever possible.)
  68. how long must stores be frozen to kill all sages of life
    2 weeks
  69. which mite transmits Rickettsial Pox from mouse to man
    house mouse mites
  70. what diseases do the Rickettsia infected ticks cuase
    Rocky moutian Spotted fever
  71. what diseases do bacterial infected ticks cause
    Lyme disease
  72. what is the preferred method to remove a tick, and care must be taken to not leave the ____?
    Grasp with forceps at about a 45 Degree angle from the skin and ensure you don't leave the Head
  73. the flea xenopsylla cheopis is also known as and transmits what disease
    the Oriental Rat Flea, and transmits Plague Bacillus
  74. what is the largest rat
    Norway Rat
  75. which rat is a good climber and frequently found on ships
    Roof Rat
  76. what gauge and thickness of mesh should be used to cover openings to protect against rats
    28 Gauge, 95mm(3/8in) thick
  77. what must be written on bait boxes
    "Poison" in red letters in English and when necessary the local language
  78. what is the diameter of the rat guard
    36 inches
  79. how many washes are aerosol prometherin treated uniforms good for
    6 washes
  80. how far from the ship must the rat guards be placed, and how far from shore?
    at least 2 feet from the ship and no closer than 6 feet from the closest point on shore
  81. what is the max number of combat tm bait stations that can be placed on board a submarine
    144 total
  82. how many deaths are cause by reptiles yearly
    14
  83. which spider has venom that is strongly hemolytic and vesicating, causing progressive tissue necrosis
    L. Reclusa
  84. which spider is considered to be of considerable medical importance if biten
    Loxosceles Reclusa
  85. what can be used to mechanically remove hairs from a catapillar
    Tape
  86. How often should you re-apply the DEET lotion
    every 6-10 hours

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