Card Set Information
geographic & geological terms referenced in archaeology
an area of limestone terrane characterized by sinks, ravines, and underground streams.
a ridge of land that has been forced upwards between two parallel faults
a portion of the earth's crust, bounded on at least two sides by faults, that has dropped downward in relation to adjacent portions.
a line of cliffs formed by the faulting or fracturing of the earth's crust; an escarpment.
covered or smeared with clay.
a small steep-sided watercourse or gulch with a nearly flat floor; usually dry except after heavy rains.
of or pertaining to the shore of a lake, sea, or ocean.
muck and peat
unconsolidated mineral and organic sediment
seasonally inundated depression
rain-fed natural basin
the phenomenon of sediment or gravel accumulating
a mixture of rock fragments from the bases of cliffs
of or pertaining to burial
a sepulchral monument erected in memory of a deceased person whose body is buried elsewhere.
cavities (in bedrock)
burial, esp with ceremonial rites
a layer of sediment or sedimentary rock only a small fraction of an inch (less than a centimeter) in thickness.
noting or pertaining to sediments on the sea bottom derived directly from the neighboring land, or to the rocks formed primarily by the consolidation of such sediments
an abnormally low amount of oxygen in the body tissues
the animals and plants living at the bottom of a sea or lake
of or pertaining to a benthon
(in lake sediments) an annual deposit usually consisting of two layers, one of fine materials and the other of coarse
rock in small particles or other material worn or broken away from a mass, as by the action of water or glacial ice
any disintegrated material; debris
commonly known as a cave formation, is a secondary mineral deposit formed in a cave. Speleothems are typically formed in limestone or dolostone solutional caves.
are pointed pendants hanging from the cave ceiling, from which they grow
are the "ground-up" counterparts of stalactites, often blunt mounds
low-lying seasonal swamp
a deposit of sand, mud, etc., formed by flowing water
the sedimentary matter deposited thus within recent times, especially in the valleys of large rivers
of or pertaining to the changes in a linguistic system between successive points in time; historical
Fossilized excrement; a fossil consisting of animal fecal matter
a rare mineral, an alloy of silver and mercury, occurring as silver-white crystals or grains
a blend or combination
clastic volcanic material, as scoria, dust, etc., ejected during an eruption.
the land lying behind a coastal region
an increase by natural growth or by gradual external addition; growth in size or extent.