nutrition ch1-4

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Author:
sillychicken
ID:
259196
Filename:
nutrition ch1-4
Updated:
2014-01-29 22:55:44
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fortis nutrition
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nutrition ch 1-4
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  1. how many kcals are in carbohydrates
    4
  2. what is the recommended dietary intake for carbs
    45-65% of your daily intake should be carbs
  3. what are carbs used for in the body
    primary and prefered source of energy. can also be stored as glycogen
  4. how many kcals of energy come from fats
    9
  5. what is the recommended daily intake for fats
    20-35% with the majority being unsaturated and no more than 10% coming from saturated
  6. where do unsaturated fats primarily come from?
    plants
  7. where do saturated fats primarily come from?
    animals
  8. what is the primary purpose of fats
    to store energy
  9. how many kcals of energy come from protein
    4
  10. what is the RDI for protein
    10-35%
  11. what are the primary functions of proteins
    to act as building blocks for the body
  12. what are the three functions of nutrients
    • energy sources
    • tissue building
    • regulation and control
  13. what are DRI
    • dietary reference intake
    • reference point for healthy population
  14. what are RDA
    • recommended daily allowance
    • minimum nutrient intake required to protect against deficiency
  15. what are three primary monosacharides needed for healthy nutrition
    • glucose
    • fructose¬†
    • galactose
  16. in wheat where are most of the carbs located
    in the endosperm (79g)
  17. in wheat where is most of the fiber located
    in the germ (23g)
  18. where does most of the digestion for carbs take place
    in the small intestine
  19. in our bodies what is the difference between glycogen, cellulose and starch
    • glycogen: helps sustain normal blood sugar, and used for metabolism and energy balance
    • cellulose: stimulates smooth muscle movement and provides bulk to stool.
    • starch: main type of food for a balanced diet. can also provide fiber
  20. what enzyme is primarily responsible for carb digestion
    pancreatic amylase
  21. what is a complete protein
    has all nine essential amino acids and usually found in animals

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