Ther Ex. Spine

Card Set Information

Author:
laneaustin
ID:
259283
Filename:
Ther Ex. Spine
Updated:
2014-01-31 15:01:40
Tags:
spine
Folders:
spine
Description:
spine
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  1. Anterior Convexity
    cervical and lumbar lordosis
  2. posterior convexity
    thoracic and sacral kyphosis
  3. what do the intervertebral disks consist of?
    • annulus fibrosus
    • nucleus pulposus
  4. Describe the cervical facet joints:
    • 45 * angle
    • allows for all motions
    • lateral bending and rotation (coupled movement)
  5. Describe the thoracic facet joints:
    • frontal plane
    • allows for all motions
    • ribs are limited
  6. describe the lumbar facet joints:
    • sagittal plane "clapping hands"
    • flexion/extension
    • side bending
    • limited rotation
  7. Name the ligaments associated with the spine:
    • Anterior longitudinal
    • posterior longitudinal
    • interspinous
    • capsular
    • ligamentum flavum
  8. What movement causes tension to the posterior longitudinal ligament?
    flexion
  9. What movement causes relaxation to the posterior longitudinal ligament?
    extension
  10. What movement causes tension to the interspinous ligament?
    flexion
  11. What movement causes tension to the anterior longitudinal ligament?
    extension
  12. What movement causes relaxation to the anterior longitudinal ligament?
    flexion
  13. Describe global muscular control:
    • superficial
    • crosses multiple segments
    • uses "guy wire" compression loading with activation
  14. Describe Core muscular control:
    • deep
    • single segment
    • endurance type 1 fibers
  15. Give examples of global muscular control:
    • erector spinae
    • rectus abdominis
    • obliques
    • quadratus lumborum
    • iliopsoas
    • sternocleidomastoid
    • scalene
    • levator
    • upper trapezius
  16. Give exempts of core muscular control:
    • multifidis
    • transverse abdominis
    • quadratus lumborum
    • deep rotatores
  17. Describe thoracolumbar fascia muscular control:
    • surrounds erectors, multifidi, and QL
    • attachment site for:
    • serratus posterior
    • internat oblique
    • transverse abdominis
  18. In correlation to Muscular endurance, what is associated with low back pain?
    poor muscular endurance in extensors
  19. Are there a greater percentage of type I or type II fibers in muscular endurance?
    • more of type I 
    • less of type II
  20. Describe the valsalva maneuver:
    contraction of abdominals along with in diaphragm and pelvic floor
  21. In association with intro

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