Basics of Biopsychology Chapter 1

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jpugh9
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259290
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Basics of Biopsychology Chapter 1
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2014-01-30 16:55:37
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psychology biopsychology
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Terms from Basics of Biopsychology - John P.J. Pinel Ch.1
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  1. Cells that receive and transmit electrochemical signals
    Neurons
  2. The scientific study of the nervous system
    Neuroscience
  3. Pertaining to illness or treatment
    Clinical
  4. Perspective which thinks of the enviornmental pressures that likely led to the evolution of our brains and behavior.
    Evolutionary Perspective
  5. Trying to understand biological phenomena by comparing them in different species
    Comparative approach
  6. Studying the areas of the human brain (through functional brain-imaging) that become active when the subject is engaged in a cognitive process.
    Cognitive Neuroscience
  7. The scientific study of the biology of behavior
    Biopsychology
  8. The study of the structure of the nervous system
    Neuroanatomy
  9. The study of the chemical bases of neural activity
    Neurochemistry
  10. The study of interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system
    Neuroendocrinology
  11. The study of nervous system disorders
    Neuropathology
  12. The study of the effects of drugs on neural activity
    Neuropharmachology
  13. The study of functions and activities of the nervous system
    Neurophysiology
  14. To undergo gradual, orderly change
    Evolve
  15. The process through which heritable traits that are associated with high rates o survival and reproduction are the most likely to be passed on to future generations
    Natural Selection
  16. In the Darwinian sense: The ability of an organism to survive and contribute its genes to the next generation.
    Fitness
  17. A large group of organisms that is re-productively isolated from other organisms.
    Species
  18. Members of the same species
    Conspecifics
  19. Animals with dorsal nerve cords.
    Chordates
  20. Chordates that possess spinal bones which protect their dorsal nerve cords.
    Vertebrates
  21. Animals which must live in water in their larval form, but can survive on land as adults
    Amphibians
  22. Species which feed their young with secretions from their mammary glands
    Mammals
  23. Order of mammals to which humans belong
    Primates
  24. Family of primates to which humans belong
    Hominids
  25. Similar traits in species that have a common evolutionary ancestor
    homologous
  26. Similar traits in species that do not have a common ancestor
    analogous
  27. The evolution of similarities in unrelated species because they lived under similar environmental demands
    Convergent evolution
  28. Brain part which regulates reflex activities critical to survival, such as heart rate, respiration, and blood glucose levels
    Brain stem
  29. Brain part which is involved in complex adaptive processes such as learning, perception, and motivation
    Cerebrum
  30. Folds on the surface of the cerebrum
    Convolutions

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