Chapter 8 Vocab

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Anonymous
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259299
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Chapter 8 Vocab
Updated:
2014-01-30 17:19:13
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Biology Honors
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Sparks Sophomore Year
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  1. Rod-shaped structures made of DNA & proteins
    Chromosomes
  2. Photomicrograph of the chromosomes in a normal dividing cell found in a human
    Karyotype
  3. Where 2 chromatids of a chromosome are attached at a point
    Centromere
  4. Chromosomes that determine the sex of an organism
    Sex Chromosome
  5. 2 copies of each autosome
    Homologous Chromosome
  6. Cells having 2 sets of chromosomes
    Diploid
  7. Sperm cells & egg cells (contain only 1 set of chromosomes)
    Haploid
  8. All chromosomes in an organism besides sex chromosomes
    Autosomes
  9. Division of a prokaryotic cell into 2 off-spring cells
    Binary Fission
  10. Results in new cells with genetic material that is identical to the genetic material of the original cell
    Mitosis
  11. Production of offspring from one parent
    Asexual Reproduction
  12. Occurs during the during the formation of gametes
    Meiosis
  13. Haploid reproductive cells
    Gametes
  14. Random separation of the homologous chromosomes
    Independent Assortment
  15. Portions of chromatids may break off and attach to adjacent chromatids on the homologous chromosome
    Crossing Over

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