Test 2

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Test 2
2010-07-07 12:38:00

Psych test 2
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  1. What is consiousness?
    Everything of which we are aware at any given time, our thoughts, feelings, sensations, and external environment.
  2. What is altered state of consciousness?
    Change in awareness produced by sleep, mediation, hypnosis or drugs.
  3. What is circadium rhythm?
    within each 24 hr period, the regular fluctuation from high to low points of certain functions and behaviors.
  4. What is the restoration theory of drugs?
    theory that the function of sleep is top restore body and mind.
  5. Define NREM sleep
    non-rapid eye movement sleep, which consists of 4 sleep stages and is characterized by slow, regular respiration and heart rate, little body movement, an absence of eye movement, and blood pressure and brain activity that are at their 24 hr low points
  6. Define REM sleep
    type of sleep characterized by rapid eye movement, paralysis of the muscles, fast and irregular heart and respiration rates, increased brain-wave activity, and vivid dreams.
  7. What is the sleep cycle?
    period if sleep lasting about 90 minutes and including one or more stages of NREM sleep, followed by REM sleep.
  8. what is REM dreaming?
    type of dream occurring almost contentiously during each REM period and having a story like quality, typically more vivid, visual, and emotional then NREM dreams.
  9. what is NREM dreaming?
    type of dream occurring during NREM sleep that is typically less frequent and memorable than REM dreams are.
  10. What is lucid dreaming?
    dreams that a person is aware. Person can influence and manipulate the dream.
  11. What is the cognitive theory of dreaming?
    the view that the dreaming is thinking while asleep.
  12. What is Activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming?
    hypothesis that dreams are the random firing of brain cells during REM sleep.
  13. what is Evolutionary theory of dreaming?
    view that vivid REM dreams enable people to rehearse the skills needed to fend off predators.
  14. what is Mediation (concentrative)?
    group of techniques that involve focusing attention on an object, a word, one’s breathing, or one’s body movements in an effort to block out all distractions, to enhance well-being and to achieve an altered state of consciousness.
  15. what is Hypnosis?
    procedure through which one person, the hypnotists uses the power of suggestion to induce changes in thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions, or behavior in another person, the subject.
  16. what are Psychoactive drugs?
    any substance that alters mood, perception, or thought, called a controlled substance if approved for medical use.
  17. what is Subtance abuse?
    continued use of a substance alters several episodes in which use of the substance has negatively affected an individuals work, education, and social relationships.
  18. what is Psychical drug dependence?
    a compulsive pattern of drug use In which the user develops a drug tolerance coupled with unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug use is discontinued.
  19. what is Drug tolerance?
    condition in which the user becomes progressively less affected by the drug and must take increasing larger doses to maintain the same effect of the high.
  20. what are Withdrawal symptoms?
    physical and psychological symptoms ( usually the exact opposite effects produced by the drug) that occur when a regularly used drug is discontinued and that terminate when the drug is taken again.
  21. what is Psychological drug dependence?
    craving or irresistible urge for a drugs pleasurable effects.
  22. what are Stimulants?
    category of drugs that speed up activity in the central nervous system, suppresses appetite, and can cause a person to feel more awake, alert, and energetic, also called “ uppers.”
  23. what are Depressants?
    category of drugs that decrease activity in the central nervous system slow down bodily functions, and reduce sensitivity to outside stimlation, also called “ downers.”
  24. what are Narcotics?
    class of depressants drugs derived from the opium poppy that produce both pain-reliving and calming effects.
  25. what are Hallucinogens?
    drugs that alter and distort perceptions of time and space, alter mood, produce feelings of unreality, also known as psychedelics.