HDEV 402 Theorist Quiz

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HDEV 402 Theorist Quiz
2014-02-04 20:49:25
Psychology Theorists

Theorist Quiz
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  1. Freud: Psychosexual Stages
    • Oral (Birth-1 year)
    • Anal (1-3)
    • Phallic (3-6)
    • Latency (7-11)
    • Genital (Adolescence)

    • 16 year old is in genital stage
    • Guilt has foundation in superego
    • Child's personality essentially fixed by age 5
  2. Erikson's Psychosocial Stages
    • Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth-1 year)
    • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1-3)
    • Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6)
    • Industry vs. Inferiority (6-12)
    • Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-19)
  3. Bandura: Behaviorism
    • Social learning - through modeling, observed behaviors become copied behaviors
    • Model is admires or observer is inexperienced
    • Self-efficacy motivates people to change themselves and their contexts
  4. Watson & Pavlov
    • Classical conditioning - through association, neutral stimulus becomes conditioned stimulus
    • Stimulus and response
  5. Skinner
    • Operant conditioning - through reinforcement, weak or rare response becomes strong, frequent response
    • Reinforcement
  6. Piaget - Cognitive Theory
    • Focuses on structure and development of thought processes, which shapes perception, attitudes, and actions
    • Cognitive skills can be understood only when they are developmentally analyzed and interpreted
    • Cognitive skills are mediated by words, language, and forms of discourse
    • Cognitive skills have their origins in social relations
    • Cognitive equilibrium: state of mental balance
    • Cognitive adaption: assimilation, accommodation of ideas
  7. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
    • Sensorimotor Stage (Birth-2): infant coordinates sensory experiences with physical actions
    • Preoperational Stage (2-7): child represents would with words and images
    • Concrete Operational Stage (7-11): child reason logically about concrete events and classify 
    • Formal Operational Stage (11-Adulthood): adolescent reason in abstract, idealistic, and logical way
  8. Sociocultural Theory
    • Development embedded in a rich and multifaceted context
    • Guided participation: Tutor engages learner in joint activities, providing instruction and direct involvement in learning
    • Apprenticeship in thinking: Mentor provides instruction and support needed by novice
  9. Zone of Proximal Development
    What the learner could understand with guidance (Do teach; exciting, challenging)
  10. Ecological Model (Bronfenbrenner)
    • Chonosystem: Biological; the dimension of time, the patterning of environmental events and transitions over the life course
    • Microsystem: Family, classroom, church, peers
    • Exosystem: Community, public systems, mass media, school system
    • Macrosystem: cultural vales, social conditions, national customs, economic patterns
  11. Information processing Approach
    Rooted in Piaget's theory

    • Focuses on how children:
    • -Perceive information in the world
    • -Store and retrieve from memory systems
    • -Learn and use problem-solving strategies

    Critiques Piaget's stages of cognitive development
  12. Ethology
    • Adaptive significance and survival value of behaviors
    • Rooted in Darwin's theory of evolution and concept of natural selection
    • Study animals in their natural environment
    • Lorenz's concept of imprinting