Western Civ 2 Test 2A

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
259365
Filename:
Western Civ 2 Test 2A
Updated:
2014-01-31 23:36:11
Tags:
Western Civ French Revolution
Folders:

Description:
French Revolution / Napoleon
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. American Revolution
    • - Had a large impact on France
    • - Put into practice the ideas of the enlightenment government
    • - Drained the French Treasury
    • - Led to the crisis of 1789
  2. American Revolution motto
    No taxation without representation
  3. virtual representation
    each member of parliament represented not just his constituents but all the people of Britain.
  4. Declaration of Independence
    - July 4, 1776
  5. George Washington
    - never had more than 20,000 men under his command
  6. battle of Saratoga
    • - 1777
    • - Turning point
    • - 1781 General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown
  7. three estates
    • first estate - clergy
    • second estate - nobles
    • third estate - businessmen/peasants
  8. 1789 tebsion in the three estates
    • first - clergy split between bishops and priests 
    • second - nobles worried about the rising middle class
    • third - businessmen were frustrated over lack of participation in government/peasants kept barely 50% of their harvest
  9. Louis XVI (16th)
    • - liked to hunt & tinker with locks/clocks
    • - didn't have the grit to control his nobles
  10. Marie Antoinette
    • - wife of Louis XVI (16th)
    • - not accepted by the French
    • - blamed for being infertile
  11. Estates General
    • - France's version of a parliament
    • - called to session in 1789 for the first time in 175 years
  12. National Assembly
    pooling into one body of all representatives from the estates general
  13. Tennis Court Oath
    On a rainy day, Louis XVI (16th), met with delegates on an indoor tennis court and vowed to remain in Paris until a new constitution was drafted.
  14. Marquis de Lafayette
    • - served in the American Revolution
    • - Joined the National Assembly
  15. Bastille
    • - A fortress in Paris that had often been used as a prison. 
    • - Rumors were that the king was stockpiling weapons there to use against the people.
  16. July 14, 1789
    • - A crowd gathered at the Bastille and demanded admission 
    • - Soldiers killed 98 of them.
  17. Declaration of the Rights of Man
    turned out by the National Assembly
  18. Bread March
    8,000 housewives marched ten miles to the King's residence to complain about the price of bread.
  19. Civil Constitution of the Clergy
    ordered that all priests become employees of the State and pledge their allegiance to it.
  20. Flight to Varennes
    Louis XVI (16th) and his family secretly fleeing out of Paris which showed that they could not be trusted.
  21. Edmund Burke
    • - A Protestant Irishman and member of Parliament
    • - Wrote Reflections of the Revolution in France
  22. Reign of Terror
    The french government rashly declared war on Prussia and Austria
  23. levée en mass
    a draft of all able bodied men into the army
  24. Vendée
    west central France
  25. Jacobins
    • - A radical political party
    • - Insisted on death for any enemy of the republic
  26. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
    motto of the French Revolution
  27. guillotine
    • - preferred method of execution in Paris
    • - Louis XVI was guillotined
  28. Committee of Public Safety
    • - Led day to day operations of the government
    • - made up of dedicated revolutionaries
    • - established the metric system
    • - divided France into 83 equal departments
    • - set up a new calendar
    • - abolished Christianity
  29. Committee of Public Saftey
    3 leaders
    • -Jean Paul Marat
    • -Georges Danton
    • -Maximillian Robespierre
  30. Jean Paul Marat
    • - wanted a complete democracy
    • - suffered from a skin condition
    • - stabbed to death by a former nun
  31. Georges Danton
    • - organized the terror in 1793
    • - accused of betraying the revolution and sent to guillotine
  32. Maximillian Robespierre
    • - criminal court judge
    • - adored by the common people
    • - attempted to commit suicide to keep from being arrested
    • - failed, was arrested, and guillotined
  33. A Tale of Two Cities
    • - written by Charles Dickens
    • - about 2 noblemen during the revolution
  34. Thermidor Reaction
    • - July 1794
    • - Businessmen seized control of the government
    • - nobles and priests were allowed to return
    • - radicals sentenced to death
    • - new constitution in place
  35. Napoleon Bonaparte
    • - born to minor Italian nobility in 1769
    • - born on the island of Corsica
    • - excelled in mathematics
    • - Entered the Royal Military at 15
  36. Corsica
    • -birthplace of Napoleon
    • -annexed to France
  37. a whiff of grapeshot
    What Napoleon said about killing hundreds with cannons.
  38. Josephine
    • -Napoleon's wife
    • - 32 year old widow with 2 children
  39. Army of Italy
    • -under the command of Napoleon
    • -fought against Austrians
  40. Egypt
    Napoleon went through Egypt in order to invade England
  41. Rosetta Stone
    • - found by scientists who were with Napoleon 
    • - the missing link to deciphering the Egyptian hieroglyphics
  42. meritocracy
    • - a government of capable men
    • - promotion based on performance, not politics
  43. Concordat with Rome
    • -gave the Pope the authority to discipline the French clergy
    • -the church lost all claims to the lands confiscated in 1790
  44. Emperor of France
    Napoleon was crowned Emperor in 1804
  45. battle of annihilation
    • -the war could be won in a day
    • -the enemy would be forced to seek peace
  46. Admiral Horatio Nelson
    • - British fleet commander
    • - destroyed the french fleet
  47. Trafalgar
    • -A Spanish harbor
    • -where Horatio Nelson defeated the French fleet
  48. Spain
    A continuing problem for Napoleon
  49. English Duke of Wellington
    Commanded the British-Portuguese-Spanish regular force
  50. Continental System
    a boycott of British trade goods, ordered by Napoleon
  51. Napoleonic Code
    • - a mixture of french, german, Byzantine, and Justinian law
    • - emphasized family, male dominance, assumption of guilt for criminals, and encouragement of business
  52. Marie Louise of Austria
    - Napoleons new bride after divorcing Josephine.
  53. Russian Campaign
    • - long march to Russia
    • - Russian refusal to do battle
    • - capture of Moscow
    • - Czar's refusal to discus surrender
    • - Russians set fire to their own capitol
    • - the long retreat home
  54. Louis XVIII (18th)
    • - Replaced Napoleon
    • - last of the Bourbons
    • - undid the work of Napoleon and the people were not happy
  55. Napoleon
    - ran Louis XVIII (18th) out of town without firing a shot
  56. The Hundred Days
    - Napoleon reorganized a new army and rallied his nation for one last effort
  57. Waterloo
    • - Napoleon marched to Waterloo with 125,000 men, to his defeat. 
    • - He was captured by the British
  58. St. Helena
    • - Where Napoleon was sent after being captured by the British
    • - one of the most desolate places in the world

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview