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HOW DO YOU FORM A PRESENT PARTICIPLE?
ADD "ING" TO THE VERB.
A verb form that indicates an ongoing action or state in the present and which can function as an adjective.
WHEN BOTH THE PAST-TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE FORMS OF A VERB END IN "ED" IS THE VERB REGULAR OR IRREGULAR?
IN ALL OTHER CASES THE VERB IS IRREGULAR
T OR F
THE VERB "BE" IS HIGHLY IRREGULAR, HAVING EIGHT FORMS INSTEAD OF THE USUALLY FIVE.
______ IS A WORD THAT MODIFIES OR DESCRIBES A NOUN OR PRONOUN.
- THEY ASK:
- WHICH ONE ?
- WHAT KIND OF ?
- HOW MANY ?
_____ IS USED TO MODIFY OR QUALIFY A VERB, ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB.
- USUALLY ANSWERS ONE OF THESE:
T OR F
ADVERBS MODIFYING ADJECTIVES OR OTHER ADVERBS USUALLY INTENSIFY OR LIMIT THE INTENSITY OF THE WORDS THEY MODIFY.
THE NEGATORS _____ AND ______ ARE CLASSIFIED AS VERBS.
NOT AND NEVER
A _________ adverb is an adverb that connects two clauses. Conjunctive adverbs show cause and effect, sequence, contrast, comparison, or other relationships.
Conjunctive adverbs show cause and effect, sequence, contrast, comparison, or other relationships.
Use a semicolon or period before the conjunctive adverb to separate two independent clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb
- in addition
- in comparison
- in contrast
- in fact
A _________ ________ joins parts of a sentence (for example words or independent clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar.
A coordinating conjunction
joins parts of a sentence (for example words or independent clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar.
A coordinating conjunction shows that the elements it joins are similar in importance and structure.
EX: and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
- When a coordinating conjunction joins independent clauses, it is always correct to place a comma before the conjunction:
- I want to work as an interpreter in the future, so I am studying Russian at university.
T OR F
THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE USUALLY PRECEDES THE VERB, BUT IN SENTENCES THAT START WITH " THERE ARE" OR "THERE WAS" THE SUBJECT FOLLOWS THE VERB.
WHAT THE HELL ARE LINKING VERBS?
Linking verbs do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject.
- EX: Keila is a shopaholic.
- Ising isn't something that Keila can do.
- Is connects the subject, Keila, to additional information about her, that she will soon have a huge credit card bill to pay.
The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of the verb be [am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc.], become, and seem. These true linking verbs are always linking verbs.
If you can substitute am, is, or are and the sentence still sounds logical, you have alinking verb on your hands.If, after the substitution, the sentence makes no sense, you are dealing with an action verb instead
Any form of the verb be [am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc.], become, and seem.
WHAT TYPE PF VERBS ARE THESE?
- LINKING VERBS
- How do you tell when they are action verbs and when they are linking verbs?
If you can substitute am, is, or are and the sentence still sounds logical, you have a linking verb on your hands.
If, after the substitution, the sentence makes no sense, you are dealing with an action verb instead.
WHAT THE HELL IS A TRANSITIVE VERB?
A transitive verb has two characteristics.
- First, it is an action verb, expressing a doable activity like kick, want, paint, write, eat, clean, etc.
- Second, it must have a direct object, something or someone who receives the action of the verb.
- EX:Sylvia kicked Juan under the table.
- Kicked = transitive verb; Juan = direct object.
Joshua wants a smile from Leodine, his beautiful but serious lab partner.
WHAT IS THE TRANSITIVE VERB?
WHAT IS THE DIRECT OBJECTIVE?
- wants = transitive verb
- smile = direct object.
what is correct for the underlined?
One of the most common types of mistakes that inexperienced physicians make is misreading symptoms, another that occurs about as frequently is recommending inappropriate treatment.
(A) symptoms, another that occurs
(B) symptoms; another one that occurs
(C) symptoms, the other, and it occurs
(D) symptoms; another one which is occurring
(E) symptoms and also occurring
- This sentence illustrates a comma splice, the incorrect use of a comma to connect two complete sentences.
- Choice (B) correctly uses a semicolon to coordinate two independent clauses and form a compound sentence (while at the same time keeping verb tenses parallel).
whats correct for the underlined?
The revolt against Victorianism was perhaps even more marked in poetry than either fiction or drama.
(A) either fiction or drama
(B) either fiction or in drama
(C) either in fiction or drama
(D) in either fiction or drama
(E) in either fiction or in drama
- Correcting the error in this sentence requires close attention to the need for parallelism. The structure of the underlined portion should match the structure of the phrase "in poetry" that appears earlier in the sentence.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ACCEPT AND EXCEPT.
- ACCEPT (verb) to take
- Ex: I am happy to accept your payment.
- EXCEPT often a preposition meaning leaving out)
- Ex:Everyone except me is going.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THERE THEIR & THEY'RE.
- THERE in that place
- Ex: Park the car there.
- THEIR belonging to them
- Ex: Do they know their lines for the play?
- THEY'RE contraction of they are.
- Ex: They're always late for work.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN IT'S AND ITS.
JUST BECAUSE YOU SEE " 'S " DON'T THINK POSSESSION!!
- IT'S contraction of it is
- Ex: It's too late for you to register now.
- ITS a pronoun meaning belong to it
- Ex: That cat has lost its way home.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AFFECT AND EFFECT.
- AFFECT (verb) influence
- Ex: Bright light affects my eyes.
- EFFECT(often a noun) result
- Ex: He studies the effect of drought on crops
WHEN ROD GRADUATED AT THE TOP OF HIS CLASS, NO ONE WAS SURPRISED AT HIS______ INTO LAW SCHOOL.
ACCEPTANCE OR EXCEPTENCE?
accept - (verb) to take
except - (often a preposition meaning leaving out)