Midterm exam 2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
259431
Filename:
Midterm exam 2
Updated:
2014-01-31 12:02:52
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Veterinary Assistant HAB
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midterm exam two
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  1. The types of restraint are?
    • physical
    • mechanical
    • chemical
  2. tips for restraint?
    • don't get distracted
    • avoid injury to everyone
    • always control the animals primary defence
  3. steps for best outcome of handling and restraint
    • close all routes of escape
    • be observant
    • manage environment
    • use motivators
    • calming signals
    • use appropriate restraint
    • know when to rest
  4. Nursing cornerstones?
    • compassion and observation
    • Temperature Pulse Respiratory
  5. basic necessities
    • clean stress free environment
    • food and water unless restricted
    • excersize, UR
    • Grooming
    • pain relief
    • humanity and dignity
    • emotional concerns
  6. geriatric patient special considerations
    • arthritic pain/ confusion
    • senses dulled
    • easier to stress
    • extra compassion
    • senility
    • nutrition
  7. pediatric special concerns
    • hypothemia
    • dehydration
    • hypoglycemia
  8. physical exam
    • TPR
    • body weight
    • eyes, ears, mouth, and nose
    • body condition
    • heart and lungs
    • abdomen
    • anal area
    • genetalia
    • skin and haircoat
    • lymphnode
    • mentation
  9. medication therapy
    • formulation of drug
    • rate of onset
    • patient characteristics
    • cost
  10. routes of medicating
    • Oral
    • parenteral (by injection)
    • topical
    • inhalation
  11. benefits to oral medication
    easy to administer at home slower absorption rate
  12. types of injections
    • Intravenous IV
    • Intramuscular IM
    • subcutaneous SC SQ
    • Intradermal ID
    • Intraperitoneal IP
  13. topical medications are often used for
    • local injuries, but occasionally systemic
    • opthalmic
    • otic
    • skin
    • trans-dermal patches
  14. Fluid replacement therapy
    60 mls/kg/24 hrs
  15. fluid replacement therapy routes
    • oral
    • sq
    • iv
    • ip
    • intraosseous
    • (into the bone)
  16. monoestrus
    diestrus
    polyestrus
    seasonal polyestrus
    • 1/year
    • 2/year
    • continuted
    • continued seasonally
  17. stages of estrous
    • proestrus prep stage
    • estrus receptivity/ovulation
    • diestrus pregnancy or return to normalcy
    • anestrus rest phase
  18. sexual maturity in small breeds?
    6-8 months
  19. sexual maturity in large breeds
    16-20 months
  20. cats are sexually mature at what age
    5-6 months
  21. ovulation in cats
    only occurs after vaginal stimulation
  22. canine pre breeding procedure
    • physical exam on male and female
    • blood test for brucellocis titre
    • deworming
    • core vaccines
    • vaginal smears
  23. feline pre breeding procedure
    • PE
    • blood test
    • worming
    • core vaccine
    • vaginal smears
  24. gestation in felines and canines
    58/ 70 days
  25. what happens 24 hours before the dog is due to give birth?
    body temperature lowers
  26. stages of labour
    • uterineĀ  contractions
    • delivery , abdominal contractions
    • placenta delivery
  27. how long between births is normal
    2 hours
  28. take all puppies/kittens to the vet after to check for
    • cleft palate
    • umbilical hernia
    • physical exams

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