Block 1 material.txt

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Block 1 material.txt
2010-07-07 17:20:51
Block material

practice exam
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  1. Damage to the posterior arch of the atlas vertebra would most likely endanger?
    The vertebral artery
  2. Which of the muscles receive(s) innervation derived from the posterior division or cord of the brachial plexus?
    All of the following: latissimus dorsi, deltoid, extensor carpi radialis longus, teres major
  3. To determine if the recurrent branch of the median nerve is injured, one should test:
    opposition of thumb - opposed by opponens pollicis m.
  4. Which nerve or artery are most likely to be damaged by a fracture of the medial epicondyle of the humerus?
    ulnar nerve
  5. The dorsal scapular artery provides the principal blood supply to:
    rhomboid major muscle
  6. The area most in jeopardy because of loss of the common interosseous artery is:
    Extensor compartment of forearm
  7. The biceps brachii muscle can:
    flex the forearm, flex the arm. supinate
  8. A patient with severe injury to his arm displays the following functional deficits: very weak flexion of forearm, some weakness in flexion of the arm, and severe weakness in supination. The damaged nerve is the:
    musculocutaneous nerve - innervates the Coracobrachialis, Biceps Brachii, and Brachialis muscles.
  9. Deep fascia over forearm extensors:
    attaches to radius and ulna AND is important in helping venous blood in conjunction with muscle activity to return
  10. Branches from the medial cord of the brachial plexus are derived primarily from:
    C8 and T1
  11. Extension at the metacarpophalangeal joints is accomplished by :
    extensor digitorum (communis), extensor indicis proprious and extensor difiti minimi mm.
  12. Flexion as the metacarpophalangeal joints is accomplished by the:
    • Flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus, lumbricals, and interossei.
    • In the case of the little finger is assisted by the flexor digiti minimi brevis
  13. Flexion of thumb is accomplished by:
    Flexors pollicis longus and brevis
  14. Extension of thumb is accomplished by:
    extensors pollicis longus and brevis
  15. The only muscle capable of flexing the distal interphalangeal joints of each of the four fingers (2-5):
    Flexor digitorum profundus
  16. A dermatome is defined as the area of skin supplied by:
    dorsal root of a spinal nerve
  17. In attempting to anesthetize areas supplied by the-median nerve distal to the wrist, an injection should be attempted:
    lateral to the tendon of the palmaris longus
  18. The' ligamenta flava attach:
    vertebral laminae
  19. The nerve which is geographically most closely related to the brachial artery in the cubital fossa is the:
    median nerve
  20. a membrane firmly attached to spinal cord
    pia matter
  21. contains CSF
    subarachnoid space
  22. contains a complex system of veins and some fatty tissue
    epidural space
  23. continuous with the epineurium of peripheral nerves
    dura mater
  24. contains muscle which can flex the arm
    anterior axillary fold
  25. subscapularis muscle
    posterior axillary fold
  26. connects supraspinous fossa with infraspinous fossa
    great scapular notch
  27. pectoralis major muscle where is it?
    anterior axillary fold
  28. bony landmark associated with namng the three portions of the axillary artery
    coracoid process of scapula
  29. Which nerve(s) can be responsible for sensation on the dorsolateral aspect of the hand?
    • radial
    • musculocutaneous
  30. The subscapularis muscle:
    • receives a nerve or nerves from the posterior cord of the brachial plexus
    • forms part of the posterior wall of the axilla
    • is a 'rotator cuff': muscle and holds the humerus in the glenoid fossa
    • rotates the humerus medially
  31. Which of the following arteries are commonly direct branches of the axillary artery?
    • circumflex scapular
    • transverse cervical
    • suprascapular
    • thoracoacromial
  32. Which of the following contribute to "winged scapula"?
    • paralyzed serratus anterior muscle
    • a damaged long thoracic nerve
  33. A fractured clavicle could easily damage the
    • suprascapular nerve
    • suprascapular artery
    • nerve to subclavious muscle
  34. The superficial palmar arch
    • usually has a small anastomotic. connection to the radial artery
    • is a continuation of the ulnar artery
  35. Structures that can be felt in the anatomical snuff box include the:
    • radial artery
    • scaphoid bone
  36. The pyramidal space between the arm and the upper throax is known as the axilla
    • and its medial wall consists of ribs and intercostal muscles covered by serratus anterior muscle
    • and at its apex it transmits all the vessels and nerves to the upper limb
  37. The intrinsic muscles of the back perform which of the following functions:
    • bend the vertebral column laterally
    • extend the vertebral column
    • pull the head backward (extend)
  38. Best use of the triangle of auscultation is obtained when the scapula is protracted. Protractlon of the scapula is performed mainly by the following muscle(s):
    Serratus anterior
  39. Which of the following contribute significantly to collateral circulation around the scapula?
    • transverse cervical artery
    • subscapular artery
    • suprascapular (transverse) scapular
  40. The lumbrical muscles
    • have no bony origin
    • extend the interphalangeal joints
    • insert on the extensor expansion
    • flex the metacarpophalangeal joints
  41. The floor of the posterior cervical triangle is composed of:
    prevertebral fascia
  42. A crush injury to the wrist can damage the ulnar nerve. Which of the following would be the result of such an injury?
    • anesthesia of the palmar surface of the medial third of the hand
    • paralysis of the dorsal interossei
    • paralysis of the hypothenar muscles
  43. A young automobile accident is brought to the emergency room. Radiographs show that her humerus is fractured (partially) at the surgical neck. The patient shows loss of cutaneous sensibility to the skin over the deltoid muscle.
    1) Loss of sensibility suggests trauma to which of the fnllowing nerves in the vicinity of the fracture?
    2) The patient is able to raise (abduct) her arm to a 15o position but not farther. This suggests paralysis of which muscle?
    3) The muscle (unaffected) which is responsible for the initial abduction of the arm to 15o
    4) The unaffected muscle receives its motor nerve supply from:
    5) A vessel, accompanying the traumatized nerve, which may also be damaged is:
  44. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    • 1) axillary
    • 2) deltoid
    • 3) supraspinatus
    • 4) suprascapular nerve
    • 5) posterior humeral circumflex artery
    • ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  45. Eversion of the foot is under control of the:
    peroneal nerve
  46. The second lumbrical muscle in the foot:
    is supplied by the medial plantar nerve
  47. Muscles which can flex the knee joint include:
    • hamstrings
    • gastrocnemius
  48. The posterior compartment of the thigh:
    • is supplied by the sciatic nerve
    • is supplied by perforating arteries
  49. While standing quietly, the medial longitudinal plantar arch is being supported by:
    • plantar calcaneonavicular ligament
    • plantar aponeurosis
  50. Muscles attaching to the interosseous membrane in the leg include:
    • Tibialis anterior
    • Tibialis posterior