Western Civ 2 Test 2B

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Anonymous
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259531
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Western Civ 2 Test 2B
Updated:
2014-02-01 00:22:25
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Western Civ Test Industrial Revolution
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Western Civ 2 Test on Industrial Revolution
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  1. Britain had a head start on the Industrial Revolution. The reasons are:
    • 1. No wars
    • 2. Parliament
    • 3. Royal Navy
    • 4. Nobles could participate in business
    • 5. agricultural surplus / enclosure
    • 6. Bank of England
    • 7. no internal tariffs
    • 8. infrastructure
    • 9. coal
    • 10. patent office
  2. cotton
    The first industry geared to consumers
  3. Eli Whitney
    • - A young American
    • - invented the cotton gin
  4. cotton gin
    a machine to separate the cotton from the seeds
  5. American System of manufacturing
    • - credited to Eli Whitney
    • - building products out of a pile of interchangeable partsĀ 
    • - allowed quick manufacturing and easy repair
  6. steam engine
    - improved upon by James Watt who made it a working partner in coal mining.
  7. locomotive
    - designed by George Stephenson
  8. George Stephenson
    - a self taught engineer who couldn't read until he was 17
  9. clipper ships
    • - the fastest and most beautiful sailing ships ever builtĀ 
    • - could cover 400 miles per day
    • - brought tea from China to New York in 90 days
  10. Pony Express
    • - messengers on horseback
    • - put out of business by the telegraph
  11. American Civil War
    • - the first modern war
    • - utilized the telegraph, railroads, observation balloons, iron ships, steam ships, rifled cannons, standardized clothing and shoe sizes, canned goods, instant coffee, photography and field hospitals
  12. The Great Exhibition
    - a world's fair in 1851 celebrating mechanical progress
  13. Crystal Palace
    • - built of glass and iron
    • - where the great exhibition was housed.
  14. Luddites
    cottage workers that rebelled against the factories
  15. Edwin Chadwick
    • - a member of parliament
    • - issued a report called the Condition of the Labouring Population
  16. Condition of the Labouring Population
    called for the protection of the workers
  17. Factory Act
    • - passed by parliament in 1833
    • - restricted the working hours of 9-13 year old children
  18. Thomas Malthus
    - wrote Essay on Population
  19. Essay on Population
    • - said population is kept in equilibrium with the food supply by the forces of nature:war, disease, famine.
    • - If you help the poor, they will have more children, and make the situation worse.
  20. Malthusian Economics
    - when the Irish suffered famine, Britain had no assistance program. A million people died and Ireland has fewer people today than it had in 1845.
  21. The Great Hunger
    a terrible potato famine in Ireland from 1845-1847
  22. Socialists
    - wanted to improve the lot of the working man
  23. Utopian Socialists
    envisioned a society in which bosses and workers were in harmony
  24. Robert Owen
    • - a Utopian Socialist
    • - experimented at a mill town in New Lanark, Scotland and was a success
    • - tried the same experiment in New Harmony, Indiana and it was a flop
  25. trade unions
    • - composed of skilled craftsmen
    • - emphasized education, savings plans, and collective bargaining without striking
  26. Chartists
    a political movement composed of working men who did not have the vote
  27. Karl Marx
    • - a German theorist
    • - saw history as the struggle between competing economic forces
  28. bourgeoisie
    the rich business class
  29. proletariat
    the urban workers
  30. communism
    a dictatorship
  31. Capital and The Communist Manifesto
    books written by Karl Marx

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