Pancreas, Liver & Gallbladder

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sandy2696
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259559
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Pancreas, Liver & Gallbladder
Updated:
2014-02-03 22:43:57
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Pancreas Liver Gallbladder
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Pancreas, Liver & Gallbladder
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  1. secretion of enzymes and sodium bicarbonate to help neutralize acid in the stomach and duodenum.
    Islets of Langerhans secrete glucagon to regulate sugar levels, insulin for the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats and somatosatin which controls the metabolic process........Is the function of what?
    Pancreas
  2. storage and filtration of blood, secretion of bile, conversions of sugar to glycogen, synthesis and breakdown of fats temporary storage of fatty acids helps regulate blood volume, fibrogen and prothrombin..........is the function of what?
    The Liver
  3. What is the function of the gallbladder
    stores bile
  4. cirrhosis of the liver is often associated with the excessive intake of toxic _____
    alcohol
  5. The highest portion of the normal adult stomach sitting just below the left diaphragm is the
    Fundus
  6. The gallbladder is normally found by its attachment to the ventral surface of the_____________
    right lobe of the liver
  7. The release of bile by the gallbladder is triggered by the presence of ______
    fats
  8. A severe complication associated with excessive irradiation of the liver is _____________
    acute hepatitis
  9. The most common type of tumors found in the pancreas is _________________---
    Adenocarcinoma
  10. List 2 symptoms of pancreatic cancer
    • Abdominal pain
    • Dark Urine
    • Jaundice
    • Clay-colored stools
    • Newly diagnosed diabetes
  11. ______________ is the local administration of chemotherapy using proximal venous access
    Chemoembolization
  12. A pancreaticoduodenectomy is also know as a ________________
    Whipple Procedure
  13. The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ. What is its anatomic relationship to the

    Stomach
    inferior & posterior
  14. The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ. What is its anatomic relationship to the

    Duodenum
    tucked in, to the left
  15. The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ. What is its anatomic relationship to the

    Liver
    Inferior
  16. The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ. What is its anatomic relationship to the

    Spleen
    head is medial, tail is in splenic hilum
  17. The liver is the largest abdominal organ.
    What is the anatomical relationship to the

    Stomach
    to the right
  18. The liver is the largest abdominal organ.What is the anatomical relationship to the

    Gallbladder
    Superior
  19. The liver is the largest abdominal organ.What is the anatomical relationship to the

    Aorta
    Anterior
  20. The liver is the largest abdominal organ.What is the anatomical relationship to the

    Inferior Vena Cava
    Anterior
  21. The liver is the largest abdominal organ.What is the anatomical relationship to the

    Diaphragm
    inferior
  22. the gallbladder is a small organ tucked under the right lobe of the ___
    liver
  23. The celiac axis is the first branch of the abdominal aorta, which serves to supply arterial blood to the ____, ____ & _____
    spleen, pancreas & stomach
  24. The failure of the liver to absorb bilirubin will often lead to a yellowish discoloration of the skin and eyes known as _____
    Jaundice
  25. The biliary ducts are principally concerned with the transport of bile & digestive enzymes  into the _____________
    small intestine
  26. The head of the pancreas will normally be located within the _________________________
    sweep of the duodenum
  27. The ascending and transverse colon joint at an area under the right lobe of the liver called the __________________
    hepatic flexure
  28. A common site for metastatic spread from the liver is the ______ & _________
    Lung & Brain
  29. Define

    Cholelithiasis
    Stones in the gallbladder
  30. A condition where columnar epithelium extends  more than 3 cm into the distal esophagus instead of normal squamous epithelium is _____________
    Barrett Esophagus
  31. What is a form of inflammatory bowel disease often at the terminal end of the ileum
    Crohn's disease
  32. Cancer Site:  Liver

    Signs & Symptoms  ?????

    3 methods of detection
    Signs & Symptoms: Right Abd pain, Abd mass, Weight loss & fatigue

    • 3 Methods of detection:
    • Liver function test; coagulation studies; CA 19-9; CEA markers; Ultrasound; CT
  33. Cancer Site:    Stomach

    Signs & symptoms ????????

    3 methods of detection
    S&S = Vague epigastric discomfort; Nausea & Vomitting; Hematemesis, weight loss, fatigue

    Detection: Barium swallow; Endoscopy; CT; Stool Exam for blood in stools
  34. Cancer Site:     Esophagus

    Signs & Symptoms ?????

    3 methods of detection ????
    S&S =  Dysphagia; hematemesis, weight loss, fatigue

    Detection:  barium swallow, ultrasound; CT; Esophagoscopy
  35. Cancer site:   Colon

    Signs & Symptoms ??????

    3 methods of detection
    S&S = pencil stools, Rectal Bleeding, Constipation & Diarrhea

    Detection:  CEA, Digital Rectal Exam, Colonscopy, Barium Enema, CT
  36. Hepatocellular carcinoma is increasing in incidence in the United States due to the rising cases of ______________
    Hepatitis C
  37. The best chance for cure in pancreatic carcinoma is ____________
    Surgery

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