US History America after Reconstruction-Populism

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  1. Election of 1876
    Samuel Tilden (democracts) VS Rutherford B Hayes (Republican
  2. Compromise of 1877
    Hayes (repbulicans) becomes president so reconstruction would stop in the south
  3. Why was the Compromise of 1877 important?
    It stopped reconstruction in the south
  4. Characteristics of Industrialization (5)
    • ~production occurs in large organized factories
    • ~acceleration technological innovation (producing faster and better)
    • ~cities become more important
    • ~national transportation & communication systems
    • ~national markets instead of regional markets
  5. Importance of railroads during the Indistrialization
    • ~industrialization wouldn't succeed without them
    • ~it gave industrialist access to distant markets
    • ~become a business model for industrialist
    • ~they were the biggest investors (railroad companies)
    • ~changed the way people think (time zones)
  6. Laissez-fair capitalism
    the government doesn't regulate the economy
  7. 3 Industrialists (robber barons)
    • ~John  D Rockefeller
    • ~J.P Morgan
    • ~Andrew Carnegie
    • (robber barons- people thought they got their money unfairly)
  8. John D Rockefeller
    • ~oil business
    • ~vertical integration 
    •      -owning all parts of an organization
  9. J.P Morgan
    • ~banking
    • ~ Interlocking directorates
    •      -he put his people on the board of his         investments
  10. Andrew Carnegie
    ~steel business
  11. Social Dawrinism
    • ~the application of dawin's theories to human society
    • ~an idea that industrialist use to explain their wealth and these urban conditions
  12. Old Vs New Immigrants
    • Old Immigrants
    • ~came from north and west europe
    • ~protestant
    • ~english
    • ~WASP (bristish and stuck up)
    • ~farm

    • New Immigrants 
    • ~Came from South, East, and Central
    • ~Catholic/Jewish
    • ~Not english
    • ~Cities
  13. Who came during the industrialization/urbanization?
    • ~Southern Blacks
    • ~Native born whites
    • ~New immigrants 
    • (lived in tenement houses)
  14. Urban living conditions in the late 19th century
    Tenement houses
  15. Jacob Riis'
    • ~How the Other Half Lived (about tenement houses)
    • ~he was able to reach a larger audience by taking pictures
    • ~investigative journalism: when a journalist goes out to do an investigation and publishes it
  16. Growth of the new middle class
    • ~office porfessionals
    • ~white collar workers
    • ~leisure time (exercise, bicycles, reading, sports)
    • ~sexual up tightness
    • ~yellow journalism (attention grabbers)
    • ~vaudeville (live entertainment and variety shows)
  17. Homestead Act (1862)
    • ~gave 160 acres to any family that would go settle on it
    • ~west of mississippi to east of the rocky mountains
    • ~ most of native-born whites & new immigrants
  18. Plains Indians
    • (Comanche, Apache, Sioux)
    • ~followed buffalo, didn't really settle
    • ~nomadic
  19. Little Big Horn
    Custer's Last Stand

    • Indians
    • ~Sitting Bull & Crazy Horse
    • Americans
    • ~George Armstrong Custer
    •      -looks for indians to round up for reservastion
    •      -civil war hero
    •      -head of the 7th century
    • ~400 vs 2,500
    • ~custer and men lost
  20. Why was Little Big Horn important?
    • ~only battle the indians won
    • ~it became the story we tell ourself about the way we think it is in the west
  21. Work life of a cowboy
    • ~people who tended cows in Texas
    • ~epidemy of rugged individualism
  22. Rugged Individualism
    • (primarily american myth)
    • ~the belief that success is a result of talent, intelligence, and hard work
  23. Life on the plains for the homesteaders
    • ~lived in sod house
    • ~used maneuver for fire
    • ~isloation was bad
    • ~weather was bad
    • ~crop pest were pain in the ass
    • if they made it for the first few years
    • ~towns started developing
    • ~railroads
    • ~more convenient supplies
    • ~jobs & educations
  24. Jim Crow South
    • Political
    • ~prevented black people from voting
    •      -poll tax, literacy test, grandfather clause
    • Economic
    • ~keeps black farmers in dept
    •      -sharecropping: a person rents land form a wealthy to grow and sell cotton. the landowner takes a share
    • Social
    • ~supreme court made it okay to be segregated
    •      -1896 Plessy Vs Ferguson "separate but equal"
    •       -lynching: illegal hangings
  25. Populism
    • (common man)
    • ~political movement of distressed farmers in the 1890s 
    • ~overproduction & under consumption
    • ~Granges→Farmers Alliance→Populist
  26. William Jennings Bryan
    • (1896-1930)
    • ~runs for president as a democrat
    • ~after the election populism dies out
  27. Labor Movement
    • ~factory workers, immigrants, miners
    • ~long hours, low pay, dangerous working conditions
  28. AFL
    • ~samuel gompers
    • ~better pay, hours, working conditions
    • ~collective bargaining
  29. Pullman Strike (ohio)
    • ~george pullman company (railroad carts)
    • ~raised prices not wages
    • ~workers went on strike and shut down railroads
    • ~Glover Cleveland sent troops and 12 people were killed
  30. HaymarketRiot (chicago)
    • ~100,00 workers 
    • ~bomb got set off
    • ~7 people
  31. Capitalism
    Citizens own means of production with little government
  32. Socialism
    goverment own means of production with little citizen say
  33. Communism
    • the government has complete control of means of production
    • ~public sector
Card Set:
US History America after Reconstruction-Populism
2014-02-05 13:23:55
history US America Reconstruction Populism

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