LANGUAGE ARTS 4

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shockwave
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LANGUAGE ARTS 4
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2014-02-01 18:43:42
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LANGUAGE ARTS 4
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  1. DEFINE OBJECTIVE POINT OF VIEW.
    the telling of information using facts and not showing bias or prejudice; detached; impersonal.

    Ex:The reporting of news should be objective - Who, what, when, and where.
  2. DEFINE SUBJECTIVE POINT OF VIEW
    the telling of information using personal feelings and opinions, personal bias and prejudice, and not always based on facts.

    Ex:An editorial gives personal opinion. A mother's account of her child's talents shows bias.
  3. DEFINE BIAS
    prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.

    synonyms:prejudice, partiality, partisanship, favoritism, unfairness, one-sidedness.
  4. WHAT ARE CONNOTATIONS?
    emotional coloring and personal associations.

    • The connotation of rat is usually negative rather than positive because we associate rats with disease and despicable living conditions.
    • Also, the use of rat as slang refers to a sneaky, contemptible person.
  5. List the 7 steps typically used in the writing process.
    • Choosing and limiting the subject.
    • Determining the purpose of the composition.
    • Collecting information and brainstorming ideas.
    • Outlining.
    • Writing a first draft.
    • Revising.
    • Writing a final draft.
  6. DEFINE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE OF A VERB.
    The present perfect tense is used mainly to express an action (or to help make a statement about something) that has been completed at some indefinite time in the past. 

    It is formed with have or has and the past participle.

    Ex:Mr. Brown has painted five houses in our neighborhood.
  7. DEFINE PAST PERFECT TENSE OF A VERB.
    The past perfect tense is used to express an action (or to help make a statement about something) that was completed in the past and preceded some other past action or event. 

    It is formed with had and the past participle.

    Ex: Before he moved to Springfield, Mr. Brown had painted professionally with a contractor in Campaign.
  8. DEFINE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE OF A VERB.
    The future perfect tense is used to express an action (or to help make a statement about something) that will be completed in the future before some other future action or event. 

    It is formed with will have or shall have and the past participle.

    Ex. - By the time he retires next summer, Mr. Brown will have painted for thirty years.
  9. Case Forms of Personal Pronouns.. NAME THE THREE.
    • NOMINATIVE CASE      (EX: I, YOU, HE, IT)
    • OBJECTIVE CASE         (EX: ME, YOU ,HIM, IT)
    • POSSESSIVE CASE    (EX: MY, YOURS, HIS,ITS)
  10. WHAT THE HELL IS A GERUND?
    verb forms behaving like nouns.

    • Ex: I could not understand his waiting in line for two hours to get a ticket. ("Waiting" is a gerund.) 
    • HIS IS A POSSESSIVE PRONOUN THEY ARE USUALLY BEFORE GERUNDS.
  11. The __________ case pronouns are used for sentence subjects and for predicate nominatives.
    • nominative 
    • I, YOU, HE, SHE ,IT, WE, YOU, THEY
    •  
    • She is my friend. (subject)
    • It was he who won the contest. (predicate nominative)
  12. The ________ case pronouns are used for objects of prepositions and direct objects.
    objective

    ME, YOU, HIM, HER, IT, US, YOU, THEM

    • Give the money to Kim and me. (object of preposition)
    • Will you drive them to school today? (direct object)
  13. T OR F
    possessive pronouns are not like possessive nouns. Possessive nouns use apostrophes; possessive pronouns do not.
    TRUE
  14. DEFINE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS.
    • THIS
    • THAT 
    • THESE 
    • THOSE
    • They can be used by themselves.
    • That is the candy she likes best.

    • If they are used preceding nouns, they are considered adjectives.
    • That candy is her favorite.
  15. DEFINE RELATIVE PRONOUN.
    • WHO
    • WHOM
    • WHICH
    • WHAT
    • THAT

    • These words are considered relative pronouns when they introduce subordinate clauses. 
    • In other words, they are used to "relate" the clause to the rest of the sentence.

    • EX:The girl who called your name is still looking for you.
    • [Who is nominative case and is used when the pronoun is the subject of its clause.]

    • EX:To whom should I present the award this term?
    • [Whom is objective case and is used when the pronoun has an object function such as object of the preposition.]
  16. WHAT IN THE NAME OF THE THE LORD ALMIGHTY IS AN ANTECEDENT?
    The word to which a pronoun refers or for which it stands is called its antecedent.

    EX: Sharon has done more than her share. [Sharon is the antecedent of her.]

    • EX: The campers took their food with them. [Campers is the antecedent
    • of their and them.]
  17. WHAT USUALLY ENDS IN "LY"?
    ADJECTIVES OR ADVERBS?
    • Adverbs often end in -ly. 
    • It would be simple if that was always the case, but it is not. 

    There are many adverbs that do not end in ly (run fast, hold tight, arrive late, etc.) 

    Also, there are some adjectives that end in -ly (daily exercise, friendly group, early bird, etc.)
  18. What can you say about a society which says that God is dead and Elvis is alive?

    WHAT ARE THE PREDICATE ADJECTIVES?
    • DEAD
    • ALIVE

    A predicate adjective is the name given to an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies (i.e. refers back to) the subject of the sentence. 

    • EXAMPLE:
    • Lee      seems      drunk. 
    • subject               predicate adjective
    • (The linking verb is "seems".)
  19. DEFINE PREDICATE ADJECTIVE.
    A predicate adjective is the name given to an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies (i.e. refers back to) the subject of the sentence. 

    • Everything is funny as long as it is happening to somebody else.           
    • EVERYTHING subject         
    • FUNNY predicate adjective
    • (The linking verb is "is".)  

    • If you look good, you don't need a purpose in life.            
    • YOU subject      
    • GOOD predicate adjective
    • (The linking verb is "look".)
  20. HOW TO USE BAD AND BADLY.
    • Bad is an adjective.
    • Badly is an adverb. 
    • Since the sensory verbs like feel, smell, taste, and sound are followed by predicate adjectives, it is correct to say feel bad, smell bad, taste bad, and sound bad.

    • EX: I smell bad after my workout. (sensory verb)
    • I felt bad about missing my doctor's appointment. (sensory verb)
    • Did the orchestra sound bad with so many people absent? (sensory verb)

    • My nephew throws the ball badly. (Action verb requires an adverb.)
    • The actor performed badly and received a poor review. (Action verb requires an adverb.)

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