Art History

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Author:
wegg
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259709
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Art History
Updated:
2014-02-01 23:19:17
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Medieval art history west 4th 7th Centuries
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First mid term flash cards.
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  1. S. Apollinare Nuvo, Ravenna, c.  500AD  Last Supper.

    • In the Arian Episcopal Complex.  These guys believed in a separate godhead, that God was a spirit.  This faction was stamped out in the 6th Century.  
    • Note:  People didn't sit at tables back then, Christ is wearing a purple robe and is bigger in proportion to the apostles.
  2. S. Apollinare Nuvo, Ravenna, c. 500AD Palatium.

    • In the Arian Episcopal Complex.  These guys believed in separate godhead, that God was a spirit.  This faction was stamped out in the 6th Century
    • Note:  The hands of figures that would have once stood there before the renovation to remove symbols that were not in line with the main church, are left either as a hint that they used to be there or the artist being lazy.
  3. S. Apollinare Nuvo, Ravenna, c. 500AD Palatium.In the Arian Episcopal Complex.  These guys believed in separate godhead, that God was a spirit.  This faction was stamped out in the 6th Century

    Note:  Peter, Andrew and Paul all have standard iconography, none of the rest do.  Roman art at this time simplifies things like this.  Not 5000 people in the scene.
  4. S. Apollinare Nuvo, Ravenna, c. 500AD Palatium.In the Arian Episcopal Complex.  These guys believed in separate godhead, that God was a spirit.  This faction was stamped out in the 6th Century

    Note:  Christ is depicted in purple trimmed with gold.  This time no beard.  His iconography always has him with a halo with the cross behind it.
  5. Mausoleum of Theoderic, Ravenna, c. 520

    This palace complex was mimicking the placement of buildings in Constantinople.  The whole top is one single stone.  The quarry that it came from was across the Adriatic Sea.  The Building has 10 sides.  Chamber on the ground floor is called the "Crusiform".  Upper floor has 12 sides.  The only workman at that time that did work like this were from Syria.  Very unusual for the time.  On the top are the names of the 12 apostles.  This is where he was buried.  He was building an emperors Moseleum.  Heavy Roman influence.
    • SS. Cosma and Diamiano, Rome, 527 - Pope Felxi IV - Apse Mosic
    • This was converted from a Roman building into a church.  You can see the pope on the left holding a model of the church.  Bottom row have the sheep and the lamb of God is the sheep with the halo.  Jesus is standing on top of the 4 streams of paradise.  Mosaics became rare after this.  This is the end of the classical roman style.
    • Maria Regina, Palimpset Wall, S. Maria Antiqua, Rome, c. 520-530
    • This is a Fresco.  A Palimset is different layers of Fresco.  You can see Mary holding the Christ Child.  A very imperial Mary.  This is one of the earliest times she is depicted as an empress.  This is a local tradition to depict her in this way.
  6. St. Luke Gospel Book of St. Augustine (of Gregory), late 6th century

    He was sent up to England to convert them to Christianity and this was the book he took with them.  These comic book scenes helped teach the gospel.  This portrate is in the roman tradition.  He is beginning to look more linear.  Less modeling but there is still some architecture behind him.
    • Hiberno-Saxon and Viking art.
    • Gold Disk with Mounted Warrion, from Gotland, 6th Century.

    This is an echo of what you would see on a Roman coin.  Very abstract horse.  Very far away from Roman Art.  This is an example of the fact that even when they do come across Roman Art they copy. . . but keep their own traditions.
    • 7th Century, Merovingian / Frankish
    • Abbey Church, North Crypt, Jouarre, c. 630
    • Doing a Sarcophagi has tapered off by this stage.  Not too many after this.
    • 7th Century, Merovingian / FrankishAbbey Church, North Crypt, Jouarre, c. 630
    • Sarcophagus of Bishop Agilbert, c. 680
    • Christ on his throne holding a long scroll of a list of who was going to heaven.  People around him all have their hands raised in prayer.
    • 7th Century, Merovingian / FrankishAbbey Church, North Crypt, Jouarre, c. 630Sarcophagus of Bishop Agilbert, c. 680
    • Christ is holding a Gospel Book.
    • The almond is the first to blossom in the spring so they put an almond shape around Jesus.  Called a Manterla.  This is called a"Christ in Majesty" scene.  When animals look "out" is usually Bezentine.  Might have been copied from something the artist saw from the east.  A book cover transposed maybe.
    • Merovingian/Frankish
    • Reliquary Casket of Teuderigus, late 7th century.  Artists: Undiho and Ello
    • This is from the cult of the relics.  Trafficking in bits of saints.  This is only tiny.  Lots of intrinsic value with the gold and the gems.  A reflection of the value of what is inside.  Gems were not "cut" back then.
    • Hiberno-Saxon, Angolo-Saxon, Viking
    • Sutton Hoo Ship Burial, c. 625-630 - Purse Cover
    • All the leather is gone but the metal remains.  Early french coin found.  Millefiouri means "a thousand flowers".  Blue and Black was created by using wire and gluing cut enamel.  This is an example of ornamental art.  Very abstract animals.  Early example of the guy being eaten by two wolves.  Story lost in history.
    • Hiberno-Saxon, Anglo-Saxon, Viking
    • Book of Durrow, Late 7th century; Carpet page, Symbol of Matthew.
    • Author Pastorate page.
    • No ground, no background.
    • This is how monks would have worn their hair at the time.  The green was made of Vertigrease and ate through the page.
    • Ethternach Gospels, c. 690
    • These manuscripts were instructional devices for conversion.  

    Taken to Luxembourg by Willibrod when he established a monistary there.

    Illustrator had never seen a lion obviously.
    • Hiberno-Saxon, Anglo-Saxon, Viking
    • St. John's Crucifixion Plaque, (from Rinnagan) c. 690
    • Spear guy on the left, Vinegar guy on the right.
    • Lombard Italy
    • Plaque of King Agilulf, c 600

    King Agilulf was king for a long time.  Without him the Franks would have descended into civil war.  Had wars with the Byzantine Empire.
  7. S. Agnese fuori le mura, Rome 625-38 - Honorius 1 - Apse Mosaic

    In Rome the tradition of mosaic has not gone.  Monk handing the model of the church to Mary in her royal robes.

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