- *enveloped DNA virus
- attachment proteins envelope, capside, DNA, DNA polymerase
Caused by: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
Transmission: sexual, parenteral (IV drug use), transfursion, shared toothbrushes, razors, or towels, perinatal (during birth)
Symptoms: infects liver cells, 30% are asymptomatic, flu-like symptoms, abdominal pain, jaundice, dark urine, most recover completely [immune to reinfection], 6% develop chronic hepatitis and die from cirrhosis or liver cancer
Newborn Effect: Not covered on slide
Prevention: Hep A and B have vaccines. No vaccine for Hep C, safer sex,give nerbowns HBIG (hepatitis B immune globulin) and vaccine within 12 hours of birth, avoid IV drug use and the tattoo parlor, do NOT share personal care items that might have blood on them
Treatment: NO CURE interferon and lamivudine use to treat persons with chronic hepatits B, alcohol avoidance.