bacteria and antibiotics

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Author:
jylian46
ID:
259766
Filename:
bacteria and antibiotics
Updated:
2014-02-02 10:13:30
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bacteria
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bacteria and antibiotics
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  1. Gram Positive aerobic cocci
    • Streptococci
    • Streptococcus pyogenes
    • streptococcus pneumonia
    • enterococcus (faecalis,faecium)
  2. Gram-Negative aerobes
    • Enterobacteriaceae ( E.coli, Kevsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Proteus, morganella, Procvidencia, Citrobacter)
    • Psuedomonas aeruginosa
    • Respiratory Bugs: Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis
  3. Anaerobes
    • mouth anaerobes
    • gut anaerobes: Bacteroides fragilis ( this is a Gram-negative anerobic organism. it is the anaerobic organism for which you need to ensure vocerage when treating intra-abdominal infections)
  4. penicillinase
    an enezyme that inactivates penicillin
  5. beta-lactum
    penicillins and cephalosporin
  6. natural penicillins
    • penicillin G:(inj)
    • penicillin V:(po)
  7. aminopenicillins
    • ampicillin (inj/po)
    • amoxicillin (po )
    • primary differences are the dosing (amp is qid and amox is tid )and the PO tolerability (less diarrhea with amox)
  8. Antipseudomonal penicllins
    • ticaracillin (d/c'd)
    • piperacillin (inj only)
  9. Penicillinase-resistant penicillins
    • Nafcillin(inj)
    • oxacillin (inj/po)
    • dicloxacillin (po)
  10. B-lactamase inhibitor combinations (BLICs)
    • Amoxicillin/clavulanate (po)
    • Ampicillin/sulbactam (iv)
    • Ticarcillin/clavulanate (iv)
    • Piperacillin/tazobactam (iv)
  11. Cephalodporins: 1st generation
    • Cefazolin (iv)
    • Cefadroxil (po)
    • Cephalexin (po)
  12. Cephalosporins: 2nd generation
    • Cefuroxime (iv) *HMSPEcK
    • Cefuroxime axetil (po)*HMSPEcK
    • Cefaclor (po)*HMSPEcK
    • Cefotetan (iv)
    • Cefoxitin (iv)
  13. Cephalosporins: 3rd generation
    • Cefotaxime (iv)
    • Ceftriaxone (iv)
    • Ceftazidime (iv)
    • Cefixime (po)
  14. Cephalosporins: 4th generation
    Cefepime (iv)(ceftriaxone +Ceftazidime)
  15. Cephalosporins: misplaced generation(late 2nd)
    • Cefprozil (po)
    • Ceftibuten (po)
    • Cefposoxime proxetil (po)
    • Cefdinir (po)
    • Cefditoren pivoxil
  16. monobactam
    Aztreonam (iv)
  17. Carbapenems
    • Imipenem-cilastatin (iv)
    • Meropenem (iv)
    • Doripenem (iv)
    • Ertapenem (iv)
  18. Aminoglycosides
    • Gentamicin (iv)
    • tobramycin (iv)
    • amikacin (iv)
  19. Quinolones/Fluoroquinolones
    • Norfloxacin (po)
    • Ciprofloxacin (po/iv)
    • Levofloxacin (po/iv)
    • Moxifloxacin (po/iv)
  20. Lincosamide
    Clindamycin (iv/po)
  21. Nitroimidazole
    Metronidazole (iv/po)
  22. Macrolides
    • Erythromycin (iv/po)
    • azithromycin (iv/po)
    • clarithromycin (po)
  23. Tetracyclines
    • Tetracycline (po)
    • doxycycline (iv/po)
  24. Glycopeptide
    Vancomycin (iv/po)
  25. Dihdrofolate reductase inhibitor, sulfonamide
    Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (iv/po)
  26. Streptogramins
    Quinupristin/dalfopristin
  27. Oxazolidinones
    Linezolid
  28. Lipopetides
    daptomycin
  29. Tigecycline
    a tetracycline

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