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When do you assume the proper position for formation when taxiing?
Upon pulling out of the parking area
How do you consider wind when taxiing as a formation?
Try to position number 2 upwind to minimize FOD hazards and dust from affecting vision
What is a wing takeoff?
When both aircraft maintain formation integrity and position during the entire takeoff roll
What do are some things to consider when positioning number 2?
- If crosswinds are over 5 knots, put number 2 on the upwind side to avoid wake turbulence
- If weather is a factor, place number 2 on the outside of the first turn out of traffic
As number 2, how do you set the 30° fingertip position on the runway?
taxi forward until number 1's aft wingtip light visually aligns with the forward end of their engine exhaust stack
As number 1, what is your takeoff power setting?
As number 2, what is your takeoff power setting?
as required to maintain fore/aft position
If number 1 aborts, what happens to number 2?
number 2 continues the takeoff
As number 1, what should you check as you pass 110 KIAS?
check that number 2 is safely airborne then retract the gear/flaps
As number 1, when can you make your first turn?
If weather/winds are not a factor, were should you position number 2 on the runway?
on the inside of the first turn
what is an interval takeoff?
the flight performs separate takeoffs using timing to determine the interval between brake release
When do you use an interval takeoff? Minimum weather required?
- winds and runway condition are too hazardous
What power settings are used for an interval takeoff?
During an interval takeoff, as number 1, when can you reduce power? Power setting?
As number 2, how long after number 1 begins takeoff roll do you release your brakes?
time for 6 seconds from number 1 releasing brakes
During an interval takeoff and number 1 aborts, what does number 2 do?
what is the basis for all formation flying?
When leading fingertip, limit you maneuvering to ___ bank, ____ Gs and ___ KIAS minimum.
- keep number 1 in SIGHT at all times
- MONITOR number 1's position
- remain AWARE of routing and collision potential
- monitor RADIOS
- TRUST number 1
what is the approximate angle and distance for the wing fingertip?
30° back; 10' wingtip clearance
30° fingertip line references:
- align number 1's aft wingtip with the front edge of edge of exhaust stack opening
- draw a line up from rear of pitot tube to match rear exhaust stack
Vertical reference for fingertip?
number 1's exhaust stack should rest on his wing
fingertip wingtip spacing:
number 2 should look directly down the forward edge of number 1's horizontal stabilizer
How does the relative motion relate the 3 axes?
- Pitch - vertical
- Fore/aft - 30° line
- Lateral - wingtip spacing
- vertical spacing
- fore/aft spacing
- lateral/ wingtip spacing
What is the crossunder used for?
- to place number 2 on the desired side to benefit clearing
- avoid number 2 being blinded by the sun
- landing pattern
- repositioning for a maneuver
(T/F) never pass under number 1 during a crossunder.
what is the crossunder signal from number 1?
number 1 dips his wing in the direction of the change
What is route formation?
- provides flexibility to flight
- number 2 to check systems, clear and relax
What is route formation position for number 2?
- maintains between 2 ship widths out to 500'
- Abeam number 1, not to go behind the 30° line
When must number 2 breakout?
- Directed by number 1
- Visual contact with number 1 is lost
- Unable to rejoin or remain in formation without crossing under or in front of number 1
- Anytime his or her presence constitutes a hazard
what are the steps for number 2 to breakout?
- clear in direction of break
- break away from number 1
- notify number 1
- use power/ speed brake as necessary to expedite separation
What are the steps for number 1's breakout?
- maintain current maneuver and power
- if number 2 not is sight, maneuver to expedite separation
- coordinate rejoin