Endocrine 6 and 7.txt

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
259777
Filename:
Endocrine 6 and 7.txt
Updated:
2014-02-02 11:34:07
Tags:
Endocrine
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Description:
Endocrine 6 and 7
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  1. DI
    ADH deficiency; large amount of dilute urine; increases plasma osmolarity causing thirst
  2. SIADH
    ADH excess
  3. Severe dehydration can result if
    pt goes for 4 hours without water
  4. Most common symptoms of DI
    increase urination and excessive thirst
  5. In DI what is specific gravity
    low (less than 1.005)
  6. DI is suspected
    if output is more than 4 liters during the time or more than the volume ingested
  7. Test for DI
    fluid deprivation; fluid withheld for 8-12 hours; plasma and urine osmolarity tests are done at beginning and end
  8. SIADH urine and plasma
    Urine volume decreases urine osmolality increases and plasma volume increases plasma osmolality decreases
  9. Signs of SIADH
    change in LOC, low Na, muscle cramps, weakness, arrhythmias, lethargy, confusion, nondiluting urine
  10. SIADH sodium
    result of fluid overload not sodium deficiency
  11. Radioimmunoassay of ADH
    diagnoses SIADH
  12. What saline is used when Na levels are low
    hypertonic

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