ch 3 abnorms

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ch 3 abnorms
2014-02-02 15:04:10
abnormal psychology

hey, beeeeen tryin to meet ya
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  1. a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explain and interpret observations. also called a paradigm
  2. nerve cell
  3. chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstream
  4. chromosome segments that control the characteristics and traits we inherit
  5. drugs that primarily affect the brain and reduce many symptoms of mental dysfunctioning
    psychotropic medications
  6. psychotropic drugs that help reduce tension and anxiety. aka minor tranquilizers or anxiolytics
    anti anxiety drugs
  7. psychotropic drugs that improve the moods of people with depression
    antidepressant drugs
  8. psychotropic drugs that stabilize the moods of people suffering from a bipolar mood disorder. aka mood stabilizers
    antibipolar drugs
  9. a form of biological treatment, used primarily on depressed patients, in which a brain seizure is triggered as an electric current passes through electrodes attached to the patients forehead
    electroconvulsive therapy
  10. brain surgery for mental disorders
  11. psychological force that produces instinctual needs, drives, and impulses
  12. psychological force that employs reason and operates in accordance with the reality principle
  13. according to psychoanalytical theory, strategies developed by the ego to control unacceptable id impulses and to avoid or reduce the anxiety they arouse
    ego defense mechanisms
  14. psychological force that represents a persons values and ideals
  15. condition in which the id, ego, and superego do not mature properly and are frozen at an early stage of development
  16. psychodynamic theory that emphasizes the role of the ego and considers it an independent force
    ego theory
  17. psychodynamic theory that emphasizes the role of the self- our unified personality
    self theory
  18. psychodynamic theory that views the desire for relationships as the key motivating force in human behavior
    object relations theory
  19. psychodynamic technique in which the patient describes any thought, feeling, or image that comes to mind, even if it seems unimportant
    free association
  20. an unconscious refusal to participate fully in therapy
  21. according to psychodynamic theorists, the redirection toward the psychotherapist of feelings associated with important figures in a patient life, now or in the past
  22. the reliving of past repressed feelings in order to settle internal conflicts and overcome problems
  23. psychoanalytic process of facing conflicts, reinterpreting feelings, and overcoming ones problems
    working through
  24. form of psychodynamic therapy that considers therapists to be active participants in the formation of patients feelings and reactions and therefore calls for therapists to disclose their own experiences and feelings in discussions with patients
    relational psychoanalytic therapy
  25. process of learning in which an individual acquires responses by observing and imitating others
  26. a behavioral treatment in which clients with phobias learn to react calmly instead of with intense fear to the objects or situations they dread
    systematic desensitization
  27. the belief that one can master and perform needed behaviors whenever necessary
    self efficacy
  28. therapy approaches that seek to help clients change both counterproductive behaviors and and dysfunctional ways of thinking
    cognitive behavioral therpy
  29. a therapy developed by aaron beck that helps people recognize and change their faulty thinking processes
    cognitive therapy
  30. the humanistic process by which people fulfill their potential for goodness and growth
    self actualization
  31. the humanistic therapy developed by Carl Rogers in which clinicians try to help clients by conveying acceptance, accurate empathy, and genuineness
    client centered therapy
  32. the humanistic therapy developed by Fritz Perls in which clinicians actively move clients toward self-recognitiion and self acceptance by using techniques such as role playing and self discovery exercises
    gestalt therapy
  33. a therapy that encourages clients to accept responsibility for their lives and to live with greater meaning and value
    existential therapy
  34. a theory that views the family as a system of interacting parts whose interactions exhibit consistent patterns and unstated rules
    family systems theory
  35. a therapy format in which a group of people with similar problems meet together with a therapist to work on those problems
    group therapy
  36. a group made up of people with similar problems who help and support one another without the direct leadership of a clinician
    self help group
  37. a therapy format in which the therapist meets with all members of a family and helps them to change in therapeutic ways
    family therapy
  38. treatment approach that emphasizes community care
    community mental health treatment
  39. the view that each culture within a larger society has a particular set of values and beliefs, as well as special external pressures, that help account for the behavior and functioning of its members
    multicultural perspecive
  40. approaches that seek to address the unique issues faced by members of minority groups
    culture sensitive therapies
  41. approaches geared to the pressures of being a woman in western society
    gender sensitive therapies
  42. explanations that attribute the cause of abnormality to an interaction of genetic, biological developmental, emotional, behavioral, cognitive, social, and societal influences
    biopsychosocial theories