Dance History

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Akinyola
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259862
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Dance History
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2014-02-02 19:13:51
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Dance History 90B
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Dance history study guide
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  1. Thoinot Arbeau
    • 1519-1596
    • France, writer, published a manual of ballroom dancing and deportment in 1588
  2. Fabrtio Caroso
    • 1530-1605
    • Italy, Dancer, Dance Master, Writer who taught Rome's elite and published technical treatise II Balloniro in 1581
  3. Louis XIV
    • 1638-1715
    • France. King of France and champion in dance; founded the Royal academies of dance and music, merge in 1672. Known as "le rei soleil" after his role in the ballet de cour ballet de la nuit (1653)
  4. Moliere
    • 1622-1673
    • France. Playwrite for Ballet Comique de la Reine
  5. Raoul-Ager Feuillet
    • 1660-1710
    • French dancer/choreographer who published dance notation system (supposedly)
  6. John Weaver
    • 1673-1760
    • Chorographed? "The Loves of Mars and Venus", dancing master 1. taught social dancing 2. regularly worked as dance master at Drury Lane Theater in London 3. Dedicated profession to dance 4. wrote about dance 5. basted theatrical works on classical models
  7. Gaspero Angiolini
    • 1721-1803
    • Italy. Dancer and choreographer of balles d'action, especially in Vienna and St. Petersburg; conducted an epistolary polemic with Noverre
  8. Marie Salle
    • 1707-1756
    • France. Dancer at Paris Opera Ballet and in London, made important costme reforms, her dance style prefigured the ballet d'action
  9. Auguste Vestris
    • 1760-1842
    • France. Dancer and dteacher athe Paris Opera. Son of Gaetan. Known for virtuosity and beston known dancer of his time.
  10. Claude (or Jean) Balon
    • 1671-1744
    • France. Known as Jean, Ballon. Dancer athe Paris Opera and appeared wiht Mlle Prevost in Les Horaces, noted for exceptional legerity
  11. Filippo Taglioni
    • 1777-1871
    • Italy. Dancer and choreographer; father of marie; early creator of Romantic ballet La Sylphide (1832) which established his daughters preeminence.
  12. Marie Taglioni
    • 1804-1884
    • Italy. Dancer and daughter of Fillippo; foremost Romantic Ballerinoa noted for ethereal onstage presence
  13. Paul Taglioni
    • 1808-1884
    • Marie's bother and composer
  14. Carlo Blasis
    • 1797-1878
    • dancer, teacher, writer on dance training, and director of Royal Academy of Dance at La Scalal in Milan Italy
  15. Theophile Gautier
    1811-1872
  16. Jack Anderson
    current?
  17. Catherine de Medici
    • 1519-1589
    • France. king's mother and "power behind the throne". Major figure associated with Ballet Comique de la Reine
  18. Balthasar de Beaujoyeulx
    • 15??-1587
    • Italy. Composer and ballet master; served Catherine de Medici in France and produced several dance spectacles including Ballet Comique de la Reine (1581)
  19. Saint-Huber
    17th century
  20. Jean-Baptiste Lully
    • 1632-1687
    • Italy. Composers in France. Supervisor of royal music in Louis XIV from 1661 director of l'Academie Royale de Musique from 1672
  21. Pierre Beauchamps
    • 1621-1705
    • France. Dancer and Ballet master. Codified ballet's 5 postionsPossibly the actual publisher of dance notation system
  22. Jean Georges Noverre
    • 1727-1810
    • Dancer and cheoreographer, greatest exponent of ballet d'action. expounded in his letters sur la danse (1760)
  23. Jean-Philippe Rameau
    • 1683-1764
    • France. composed music for many opera-ballet works, including Les Indes Galantes. Represnts the height of this form.
  24. Marie Camargo
    • 1710-1770
    • France. Dancer at Paris Opera; first to shorten ballet skirt to show off technique
  25. Gaetan Vestris
    • 1729-1808
    • Dancer and choreographer at the Paris Opera, called "la dieu de la danse"
  26. Salvatore Vigano
    • 1869-1821
    • Italy. Dancer, choreographer, and compers; ballet master at Minas la scala opera. Creator of Coreodrammi
  27. Fanny Cerrito
    • 1817-1909
    • Italy. Dancer and wife of Arthur Saint Leon. Romantic Ballerina
  28. Fanny Elssler
    1810-1884
  29. Jules Perrot
    1810-1882
  30. August Bournonville
    • 1805-1879
    • Danish dancer, choreographer, teacher. Restaged La Sylphide (1836 and many other ballets still performed today as well as a distinctive Denmark style
  31. Arthur Saint-Leon
    1821-1870
  32. Selma Jean Cohen
    current?
  33. The Loves of Mars and Venus
    • 1717
    • A dramatic entertainment of dancing, attempted in imitation of the pantomimes of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
  34. The Ballet of the Nuns in Robert le Diable
    • 1831
    • earliest example of what has become known as the Romantic Ballet Era. Premiered at Paris Opera
  35. Coppelia
    • 1870
    • in Saint-Leon, the only important ballet of the decline of the romantic ballets
  36. Balle Comique de la Reine
    • 1581
    • first ballet
  37. La Sylphide of Bournonville
    • 1805-1879
    • two-act earthy and folkloric otherworldly ballet originally choreographed by Filippo Taglioni for his daughter in 1832 but Bournonville restaged it for the Royal Danish Ballet
  38. Anciet Middle East
    Info about ANCIENT ISREAL came from 1. the bible 2. Apochrypha 3. Dance images. Also people were divided into 1. Ashkenazic Jews-eastern europe and 2. Sephardic Jews-Spain and Mediterranean ANCIENT EGYPT consist of 1. Old Kingdom (2664-2155BC)- dance was formal measured and restrained 2. Middle Kingdom (2052-1786BC)- leaps and stamping were introduced 3. New Kingdom (1554-1075BC)- dance aquired elements of grace, fluidity, and lightnes
  39. Renaissance
    • 14-16th centuries
    • Often consisted the beginning of the modern period CHARACTERIZED BY 1. Revival of Classical things 2. Humanism 3. Art and Sciences 4. Exploration 5.Technique of printing TWO CONTEXTS OF PROGRESS: 1. Catholic church and institutions 2. Arab culture which had carried on the Greek traditions and developed massive libreates, great architecture, etc. DEVELOPMENTt: 1.Growth of cities (1100) 2.Crusades (1100-1300) 3.New knowlege into Europe from Arabs (1200) 4.Universities founded (1200-1300) 5.Money development (1300) SOCIAL CLASSES: 1.Clergy 2.Noblility 3.Townspeople 4.Peasants **Dance figured prominantly in all aspects of life and among all classes
  40. Roman Empire
    1. Rome founded in 753BC 2. Estrscan civilization in 6ths cent.BC 3.Roman republic established 509BC 4.Roamn empire established in 27BC There was lots of Estruscan and Greek influence onthe Roman empire
  41. Enlightenment
    • 17-18th centuries
    • characterized by faith in human reason--all things can be understood or explained by reason. Conflicts developed with Catholicism
  42. ballet a entree
    made of of loosely related scenes
  43. danseur noble
    considered the most dignified and serious-the dance from of heroic or mythic characters or major godds
  44. comique or grotesque
    the style for comic and/or rustic roles
  45. Classical Greece
    • 479-338 BC
    • Dance was inspired by two main gods of dance 1. Apollos-formal art and 2.Dionysus-emotional or ecstatic art
  46. Middle Ages
    Seven kinds of theatre: 1. Mummers play of st. George 2. Liturgical drama 3. Religious play cycles 4. Royal entries 5. Morality plays and interludes 6. Tournaments 7. Court Masques
  47. Romantic era (entire)
    • Late 18-19th centuries
    • Emphasis on Feeling, individuality and passion rather than on classical form and order CHRONOLOGY: 1. Pre-romanticism- focus on Shakespeare, "genius", emotionalism, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and eroticism (1760-1790) 2.First stage- artists reject middle class and embody bohemianism (1790-1810) 3.Second stage- artist comparible to Olpympian gods, stress on iron, nationalism, fold culture and traditions (1815-1830) 4. Third stage- fascination with supernatural and development of realism (1830-1848)
  48. Romantic era (ballet)
    • 1820-1850s (height)
    • 1. Pre-romantic era- pointe work began (1800-1820) 2. Height of Romanticism (1830-1850). 3. Decline romantic influence and repertoire spread througghout Europe and Western Hemisphere (1850-1870)
  49. Dance treatise
    Noted by Jennifer Nevel as 1. A record of the different types of dances and choreographies 2. For info on philopophical basis 3. For demonstrating characteristics and importance 4. info contained foundation for future
  50. Court Ballet
    aka "Ballet de cour". Genre included both the elgant high-class dancing of royaty/nobility and performance of comic or threataning burlesque characters such as demons, lunatics, beggars, cripples, thieves, shepherds, witches, monsters, etc.
  51. ballet d'action
    all movement related characters and plot
  52. opera ballet
    1. Louis de Cahusac- wrote librettos ofr these works and also treaties on dance history (1700-1759) 2. Jean-Philippe Rameau- composed music for many of these works(1683-1764)
  53. Academie Royale de la Dance
    • 1661
    • aka Royal Dance Academy. A group of teachers that didn't really accomplish anything
  54. Academie Royale de Musique
    • 1669
    • included ballet as well as music training.now Paris Opera
  55. Fabritio Caroso, dance master and his two treatise
    1530-1605. Treatise: 1581 and 1600
  56. La Scala Opera, Milan
  57. Paris Opera, outgrowth of the above
    out grew academie royale de la danse and musiuque

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