Unit 3: Power Review

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  1. Image Uploadportion labeled a where the energy is stored.
  2. Image Uploadportion labeled b, one of the nitrogenous bases.
  3. Image Uploadportion labeled c, a 5 carbon sugar.
  4. sum of all chemical activity in an organism
  5. the amount of calories a person would burn doing nothing all day
    BMR-basal metabolic rate
  6. a calculation of body health that only takes into account the weight and height of a person.
    BMI-body mass index
  7. maintenance of a stable internal environment
  8. enzyme that breaks down fats into fatty acids and glyceron
  9. an enzyme that breaks down proteins into peptides in the stomach
  10. enzymes that break down dissaccharides into monosaccharides
    sucrase, maltase, lactase
  11. enzyme in the mouth and pancreas that break down starch into dissaccharides
  12. a process that adds water to break down large molecules into smaller ones
    hydrolysis / catabolism
  13. a process that removes water to build larger molecules from smaller ones
    anabolism / dehydration synthesis / condensation
  14. a biological catalyst, most of the time a protein that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions in a living organism
  15. mastication, peristalsis, churning and dehydration are all examples of this.
    mechanical digestion
  16. enzymatic breakdown is an example of this type of digestion
  17. Image Uploadstructure labeled a site of mastication and initial chemical digestion of carbohydrates, makes a bolus to swallow
  18. Image Uploadlabeled b. largest internal organ, produces bile for the chemical digestion of lipids, prepares nitrogen wastes for disposal, and detoxifies poisonous chemicals in the blood.
  19. Image Uploadlabeled c. muscular sac in which excess bile from the liver is stored
  20. Image Uploadlabeled d. organ divided into cecum, ascending, transverse, descending and rectum, absorbs water and forms feces
    colon or large intestine
  21. Image Uploadlabeled e. eliminates solid waste, defecation
  22. Image Uploadlabeled f. muscular tube that connects the pharynx with the stomach and does peristalsis
  23. Image Uploadlabeled g. saclike expansion, strong complex muscular wall that churns food and is initial site of chemical digestion of proteins
  24. Image Uploadlabeled h. secretes the majority of digestive enzymes into small intestine, also secretes hormones for sugar regulation into the blood
  25. Image Uploadlabeled i. connects the stomach with the colon, consists of duodenum, jejunum and ileum, finishes chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients from food.
    small intestine
  26. Image Uploadc. volume of air remaining in lungs after a forced breath out
    residual volume
  27. Image Uploadb. the total amount of air that can be forced out of the lungs after a normal exhale
    expiratory reserve volume
  28. Image Uploada. the volume of air that can be forced in after a normal breath in
    inspiratory reserve volume
  29. Image Uploadg. The volume of air breathed in and out without conscious effort
    tidal volume
  30. passive transport that allows oxygen to move from the alveoli of the lungs into the capillaries and from the capillaries to the cells of the body
  31. flow of oxygen from the outside to the alveoli
    pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus, bronchioles, alveoli
  32. which lung has 3 lobes
  33. how many lobes does the left lung have?
  34. formula for cellular respiration
    C6H12O2 + 6O2 --> 6H2O + 6CO2 + energy
  35. what happens to the diaphragm when we inhale
    it contracts and moves inferiorly
  36. what happens to the diaphragm when we exhale?
    it relaxes and moves superiorly
  37. Image Uploada. cartilagenous structure that houses the vocal cords and has an epiglottis above it.
  38. Image Uploadb. spongy structure that holds air
  39. Image Uploadc. small branches within the lungs that carry air from the bronchi to the alveoli
  40. Image Uploadd. smooth muscle structure that helps with inhalation and exhalation.
  41. Image Uploade. connects the nose to the mouth
  42. Image Uploadf. cartilagenous structure that passes air from the larynx to the bronchi
  43. Image Uploadh. cartilagenous tubes that branch off of the trachea to each lung.
    bronchus (pl. bronchi)
  44. Image Uploadj. small sacs at the end of each bronchiole where gas exchange between the respiratory and circulatory system occurs
    alviolus (pl. alveoli)
  45. hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that controls reabsorption of water in the nephrons of the kidneys
    ADH-antidiuretic hormone
  46. hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that controls the reabsorption of sodium in the nephrons of the kidneys.
  47. order of urine from the collecting duct to the outside of the body
    renal pelvis, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
  48. chemical that inhibits the release of ADH and causes the nephrons of the kidneys to excrete water
  49. Image Uploada. location of reabsoption of NaCl, water, K+ and HCO3
    Distal convoluted tubule
  50. Image Uploadb. site of secretion of urea, water, NaCl, K+, creatinine
    collecting duct
  51. Image Uploadc. where RBC, WBC, and platelets leave the glomerulus
    efferent arteriole
  52. Image Uploadd. where whole blood enters the glomerulus to be filtered
    afferent arteriole
  53. Image Uploade. ball of capillaries, site of filtration
  54. Image Uploadf. capsule that surrounds the glomerulus and serves as the first site of the filtrate
    Bowman's capsule
  55. Image Uploadg. where whole blood comes into the nephron
    renal artery
  56. Image Uploadi. collect filtered blood to return to circulation
    renal vein
  57. Image Uploadj. site of reabsorption of water and NaCl, part of nephron that extends into the renal medulla
    loop of Henle
  58. functional unit of the kidney
  59. part of the hypothalamus that regulates the amount of water in the blood
  60. list of things that are reabsorbed into the blood
    water, NaCl, HCO3, K+, glucose
  61. list of things that are secreted into the urine
    water, NaCl, creatinine, urea, K+
  62. part of the kidney that includes the glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, and proximal and distal convoluted tubule
    renal cortex
  63. part of the kidney that houses the collecting duct and loop of Henle
    renal medulla
  64. sequence of filtrate through the nephron
    Bowman's capsule --> proximal convoluted tubule --> loop of Henle --> distal convoluted tubule --> collecting duct
  65. sequence of blood through the nephron
    • renal¬†artery --> afferent arteriole -->efferent arteriole -->peritubular capillaries --> renal
    • vein
  66. part of urinalysis that test for color and clarity
    macroscopic examination
  67. part of urinalysis that tests for pH, glucose, ketones, specific gravity and proteins
    chemical analysis
  68. part of urinalysis that tests for RBC, WBC, crystals and bacteria
    microscopic analysis
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Unit 3: Power Review
2014-02-03 18:25:42
review hbs human body systems power unit lawrencem

Use these flashcards to review for the Unit 3: Power test in Human Body Systems.
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