1) many;wide variety of shapes; most contain pyrenoids
pyrenoids: proteinaceous core surrounded by starch for food storage
Motile cells (adult, spores, gametes) contain a __; site of __. __.
1) Most reproduce __.
May be __.
Exhibit which life cycles?
both sexually and asexually
isogamous, anisogamous, oogamous
all three types of life cycles: most haplobiontic, haploid
some haplobiontic, diploid
a) majority live in __, but some are __.
b) __ or __.
c) May grow on __.
4) A few live on __ (unicellular, non-motile)
e) May live in association with __, e.g. animals, fungi (lichens)
Human Relevance of Chlorophyta (Green Algae)
Used less than __ in most other phyla
Major use is as a __
__: gathered from __ in parts of Asia, Chile, Germany, Iceland. Texture of them is like __. Finely chopped and used in __, __ and __.
shallow intertidal zones
soups, salads, relishes
__: a small __ algae that is very easy to culture. Contains most __ humans need except __. In culture, it may produce up to __ and all needed essential amino acids (the building blocks of proteins.
Has an __ and __; without __, may cause physiological problems.
The Japanese process __into a white, tasteless powder that is added to wheat flour.
Cultured in Taiwan and exported to the US, where it is sold in health food stores
unpleasant flavor and texture
Source of __,a precursor of vitamin A
The motile unicellular alga __ produces approximately __ of its dry weight as __. Some species are commercially grown in highly saline ponds or lakes for their __.
__ was considered for use in long-range __. __ could generate __ through photosynthesis using __ produced by astronauts. As the algae multiply, excess could either be eaten or fed to other food organisms, e.g. freshwater shrimp
Some green algae have been used extensively in __, partly because __.
e.g. __ was the first algae to be grown in __ and was used to figure out the __ of the __.