American Government

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American Government
2010-07-07 23:13:49
American Government ch1 brisus

Ch 1
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  1. What are the core values of the American political culture?
    liberty, self-government, individualism, diversity, and unity
  2. Politics
    process that determines whose values will prevail in society
  3. Political Culture
    characteristics and deep-seeded beliefs of a particular ppl about govt and politics
  4. What period of time did the settlers arrive?
    Enlightenment period
  5. When were the first African slaves brought to America?
  6. When was the Jim Crow era of segregation?
    19th century
  7. When was the Declaration of Independence written and established?
  8. When was the US founded?
  9. When was the Great Depression
  10. What is the cornerstone of society?
    Individualism; gov't exists to serve the people
  11. Liberty
    individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, so as long as they do not infringe unreasonably upon the well-being and freedom of others.
  12. equality
    all are equal in their moral worth, in their treatment under law, and in their political voice
  13. self-government
    the ppl are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authority and must have a voice in how they are governed
  14. individualism
    commitment to personal initiative, self-sufficiency, and material accumulation
  15. unity
    Americans are one people and form an indivisible nation
  16. diversity
    indiv and group differences should be respected and these differences are themselves a source of strength
  17. E pluribus enum
    out of many
  18. T or F core political ideas are general principles, not fixed rules of conduct.
  19. 2 primary sources of politics
    • scarcity (conflict over distribution of resources)
    • differences in values
  20. Thomas Hobbes
    • Leviathan
    • social contract
  21. social contract
    ordinary ppl surrender the freedom they would naturally have in return for protection that a sovereign ruler can provide

    (give up freedom for protection)

  22. John Locke
    • Second Treatise on Civil Government
    • inalienable rights (life, liberty, and property)
  23. Democracy
    form of govt in which the ppl govern, either directly or through elected representatives
  24. Oligarchy
    control rests with a small group (wealthy families, officers of military)
  25. autocracy
    control rests with a single individual (king/queen, dictator)
  26. Constitutionalism
    set of rules that restricts the lawful uses of power
  27. Capitalism
    govt should interfere as little as possible with distributing economic costs and benefits.
  28. Socialism
    govt has a large role in regulating economic decisions and providing economic security for all indivs.
  29. Communism
    gov't owns most or all major industries and also takes responsibility for overall management.
  30. public policy
    decision by govt to follow a course of action designed to produce a particular outcome.
  31. power
    ability of persons or institutions to control public policy
  32. totalitarian govts
    assert complete dominance over indivs and institutions of soc

    absolute power
  33. authoritarian govts
    • leaders, though they admit to no limits on their powers, are effectively limited by other centers of
    • power in soc (churches, corporations, or wealthy families)
  34. democratic govts
    ongoing competition for power among a range of interests

    bc US is so diverse, no one group can gain full power and control; groups are forced to work together to exercise power
  35. authority
    recognized right of an indiv, organization, or institution to make binding decisions
  36. What are 4 theories of power?
    • Majoritarianism
    • Pluralism
    • Elitism
    • Bureaucratic Policy
  37. Majoritarianism
    the majority determines issues of policy
  38. Pluralism
    numerically stronger special interest groups prevail
  39. elitism
    policy is controlled by a small number of well-positioned, highly-influential individuals
  40. bureaucratic rule
    policy is controlled by well-placed administrators w/in govt bureaucracy

    Max Weber
  41. The political system includes...
    inputs (demands), political institutions (govt), and outputs (responses to/expressions of demands)