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What are the core values of the American political culture?
liberty, self-government, individualism, diversity, and unity
process that determines whose values will prevail in society
characteristics and deep-seeded beliefs of a particular ppl about govt and politics
What period of time did the settlers arrive?
When were the first African slaves brought to America?
When was the Jim Crow era of segregation?
When was the Declaration of Independence written and established?
When was the US founded?
When was the Great Depression
What is the cornerstone of society?
Individualism; gov't exists to serve the people
individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, so as long as they do not infringe unreasonably upon the well-being and freedom of others.
all are equal in their moral worth, in their treatment under law, and in their political voice
the ppl are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authority and must have a voice in how they are governed
commitment to personal initiative, self-sufficiency, and material accumulation
Americans are one people and form an indivisible nation
indiv and group differences should be respected and these differences are themselves a source of strength
E pluribus enum
out of many
T or F core political ideas are general principles, not fixed rules of conduct.
2 primary sources of politics
- scarcity (conflict over distribution of resources)
- differences in values
- Leviathan social contract
ordinary ppl surrender the freedom they would naturally have in return for protection that a sovereign ruler can provide
(give up freedom for protection)
- Second Treatise on Civil Government
- inalienable rights (life, liberty, and property)
form of govt in which the ppl govern, either directly or through elected representatives
control rests with a small group (wealthy families, officers of military)
control rests with a single individual (king/queen, dictator)
set of rules that restricts the lawful uses of power
govt should interfere as little as possible with distributing economic costs and benefits.
govt has a large role in regulating economic decisions and providing economic security for all indivs.
gov't owns most or all major industries and also takes responsibility for overall management.
decision by govt to follow a course of action designed to produce a particular outcome.
ability of persons or institutions to control public policy
assert complete dominance over indivs and institutions of soc
- leaders, though they admit to no limits on their powers, are effectively limited by other centers of
- power in soc (churches, corporations, or wealthy families)
ongoing competition for power among a range of interests
bc US is so diverse, no one group can gain full power and control; groups are forced to work together to exercise power
recognized right of an indiv, organization, or institution to make binding decisions
What are 4 theories of power?
- Bureaucratic Policy
the majority determines issues of policy
numerically stronger special interest groups prevail
policy is controlled by a small number of well-positioned, highly-influential individuals
policy is controlled by well-placed administrators w/in govt bureaucracy
The political system includes...
inputs (demands), political institutions (govt), and outputs (responses to/expressions of demands)
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