World History Chapter 1 Exam

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rsuarez3
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World History Chapter 1 Exam
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2014-02-10 02:58:51
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Chapter 1 Exam
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  1. Berlin on map
  2. London on map
  3. Vienna on map
  4. Paris on map
  5. Dublin on map
  6. Constantinople on map
  7. Realpolitik
    Was used by Otto Von Bismark during his seats as Prime Minister and Chancellor of Prussia. Realism in politics. Politics that negate the moral dimension, or compromise ideological principles in favor of practical rules or policies that are proven successful in governing, and in the best national interest. ( Otto von Bismark was a master in the art of Realpolitik)
  8. The Victorian compromise
    Cultural complacency during the Bristish Victorian/Industrial revolution era in which its middle class  and gentry agreed to stop any reform. This society boasted staunch moral and religious values whilst turning a blind eye to vices and debauchery by the middle and upper classes behind closed doors as well as ignoring various other social issues such as poverty etc...
  9. Anglo-Boer War
    War between the British and the Africaners. Africaners used guerrilla tactics while the British employed a "scorched earth" campaign. Concentration camps and exile was used.
  10. Otto Von Bismark
    Was the prime minister of Germany during the Danish and Austrian wars and the war with France. Was also the Chancellor or Germany. He was a master or Realpolitik
  11. The Bolshevics
    Russian Social Democrats (Marxist) led by Lenin.
  12. The Congress of Berlin
    The Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878) was a meeting of the leading statesmen of theEuropean Great Powers and the Ottoman Empire, in Berlin in 1878. In the wake of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, the meeting's aim was to reorganize the countries of the Balkans.
  13. Why did Britain lead the way into the Industrial Revolution? What advantages did the island nation possess that permitted it to
    achieve world economic dominance by 1850?
    Britain possessed all levels of society. A hard working, inventive, risk taking private sector with strong government support. Britain had a better transportation network than any other country in Europe, mastery of the seas, excellent ports, a large merchant fleet. Safe from war a chance to industrialize in safe conditions. The bank of England served as a base for economic growth. Britain had a relaxed and flexible social political system. Britain had a stable society.
  14. Identify five (5) important scientific discoveries of the 19th century.  Explain their importance to science, and show how they left an impact on society as a whole.
    1. New antiseptic practices were developed that made major advances against the spread of infection. 2. Substantiation of the germ theory advanced the sciences of bacteriology and immunology and gave promise to the end of typhoid and smallpox. 3. Advances in the field of nutrition, the importance of vitamins was discovered 4. Electron theory was developed correcting the erroneous belief that matter was indivisible and continuous 5. The periodic table was developed, which helped scientist deduce the existence of undiscovered elements.
  15. Bourgeoisie
    Middle class. Two levels Petite Bourgeois laborers (blue collar), and Haute Bourgoise the middle class that owned the means of production (white collar). (Bankers, Lawyers, Judges etc...)
  16. Thomas R.Malthus
    Wrote an "Essay on Population where explained his belief that there will be a tragic future of massive famine on a global scale. *He failed to take into consideration the effects of technological innovation on agriculture and transportation.
  17. Charles Darwin
    British scientist who formulated a major scientific theory in "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection". A.k.a the theory of evolution.
  18. Impressionism (Art)
    Caught the first impression made by an object on the eye, undistorted by intellect or any subjective attitude.
  19. Fabian Society
    is a British socialist organisation influenced by a maxim of Christianity, whose purpose is to advance the principles            of socialism via gradualist andreformist means.[1][2] The society laid many of the foundations of the Labour Party and subsequently affected the policies of states emerging from the decolonisation of the British Empire, most notably India and Singapore.
  20. Romantic Movement
    was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century that put emphasis on the individual and their emotions, sentimentality, the bizarre, the beauty of nature.
  21. Cecil Rhodes
    Diamond Magnate founder of De Beers diamond conglomerate. He was a politician in South Africa and the founder of Rhodesia.
  22. Berlin Conference of 1884
    • A conference of all European powers led by Otto Von Bismark that was a front to address
    • humanitarian concerns such as condemning the slave trade, the sale of liquor, protecting Christian missionaries but in fact was used to plan the division of Africa, establishing claims and recognizing other claims.
  23. Nehanda Charwe Nyakasikana
    One of the spiritual leaders of the Shona, she provided inspiration the revolt against the British South Africa Company's colonisation of Mashonaland and Matabeleland (now Zimbabwe). She claimed to be possessed by the spirit of Nahanda a woman who lived four centuries before. She was eventually captured and executed by the British.
  24. Henry Morton Stanley
    s a British journalist and explorer famous for his exploration of central Africa and his search for missionary and explorer David Livingstone.Stanley is also known for his discoveries in and development of the Congo region. He was knightedin 1899.
  25. Jameson Raid
    was a botched raidon Paul Kruger's Transvaal Republic carried out by a British colonial statesman Leander Starr Jameson and his Company mercenaries ("police" in the employ of Beit and Rhodes` British South Africa company) andBechuanaland policemen over the New Year weekend of 1895–96. It was intended to trigger an uprising by the primarily British expatriate workers (known as Uitlanders) in the Transvaal but failed to do so. The workers were called the Johannesburg conspirators. They were expected to recruit an army and prepare for an insurrection. The raid was ineffective and no uprising took place, but it was an inciting factor in the Second Boer War and the Second Matabele War.
  26. Disadvantages and advantages for European powers
    Disadvantage the Africans had strong religious moral values
  27. Fashoda Incident
    The Fashoda Incident or Fashoda Crisis of 1898 was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in Eastern Africa. A French expedition to Fashoda on the White Nile sought to gain control of the Nile River and thereby exclude Britain from theSudan, and possibly force the British out of Egypt as well. The British held firm as Britain and France were on the verge of war. It ended in a diplomatic victory for the British. It gave rise to the 'Fashoda syndrome' in French foreign policy, or seeking to assert French influence in areas which might be becoming susceptible to British influence.
  28. East India Company
    Monopoly over trade in places such as India. Had its own private army. Company was dissolved in 1874 it army and assets absorbed when nationalized by the British Crown.
  29. Boxer Rebellion
    The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement was a violent anti-foreign and anti-Christian movement which took place in China between 1899 and 1901. It was initiated by the Righteous Harmony Society (Yihetuan) and was motivated by proto-nationalist sentiments and opposition to foreign imperialism and Christianity. The Great Powers intervened and defeated Chinese forces, in a humiliation for China.
  30. Sepoy Rebellion
    The Mutiny was a result of various grievances. However the flashpoint was reached when the soldiers were asked to bite off the paper cartridges for their rifles which were greased with animal fat, namely beef and pork. This was, and is, against the religious beliefs of Hindus and Muslims, respectively
  31. Opium Wars
    The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, comprise theFirst Opium War from 1839 to 1842 and the Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860. These were the climax of disputes over trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire. British smuggled opium into China.
  32. Meiji period
    The Meiji period (明治時代 Meiji-jidai?), also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese erawhich extended from September 1868 through July 1912.[1] This period represents the first half of the Empire of Japan during which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations

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