soc chapter 3

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Author:
lcunrod7
ID:
260061
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soc chapter 3
Updated:
2014-02-03 20:16:37
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culture
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  1. what is the entire way of life for a group of people
    culture
  2. what is learned; includes language, standards of beauty, hand gestures, styles of dress, food, and music
    culture
  3. what is passed from one generation to the next through communication- not genetics
    culture
  4. what is judging other groups relative to your own ethnic group or culture especially with concern for language, behavior, customs, and religion
    ethnocentrism
  5. what is the process of understanding other cultures on their own terms, rather than judging according to one's own culture
    cultural relativism
  6. what are the two different categories under culture
    material and non material
  7. what culture has objects associated with a cultural group
    material culture
  8. what culture has tools, machines, utensils, buildings, and artwork
    material culture
  9. what culture has ways of thinking and ways of behaving
    symbolic culture
  10. what culture has norms, interactions, communication, beliefs, values, and assumptions
    symbolic culture
  11. what culture is most important in means of communication through signs, gestures, and language
    symbolic culture
  12. signs are also known as what
    symbols
  13. what are signs that we make with our body and carry meaning
    gestures
  14. what a system of communication using vocal sounds, gestures, and written symbols
    language
  15. ***** what is the most significant component of culture******
    language
  16. what are shared beliefs about what a group considers worthwhile or desirable
    values
  17. what are guides for the creations of norms
    values
  18. what are formal and informal rules
    norms
  19. what are behaviors that are acceptable and appropriate within a culture
    norms
  20. what are specific to culture, time period, and situation
    norms
  21. what norms is the law
    formal
  22. what norm is not written down and unspoken
    informal
  23. what are loosely enforced norm that involves common customs, practices, and procedures that ensure smooth social interaction and acceptance
    folkway
  24. what are norms that carries greater moral significance
    more
  25. what is closely related to the core values of a group
    more
  26. what is often involved in serve reprecussions for violatiors
    more
  27. what are based on the definitions of right and wrong, unlike folkways these are morally significant
    more
  28. what is a norm engrained so deeply that even thinking about violating it evokes strong feeling of disgust, horror, or revulsion for most people
    taboo
  29. what are positive or negative reactions to the ways that people follow or disobey norms
    sanctions
  30. what are rewards for conformity and punishments for norm violators
    sanctions
  31. what is a formal or informal mechanisms used to increase conformity to values and norms which increase social cohesion
    social control
  32. what is a policy that values diverse racial, ethnic, national, and linguistic backgrounds
    multiculturalism
  33. what encourages the retention of cultural differences within society, rather than assimilation
    multiculturalism
  34. what are the values, norms, and practices of the group within society that is most powerful in terms of wealth, prestige, status, and influence
    dominant culture
  35. what is a group within society that is differentiated by its distinctive values, norms, and lifestyles
    subculture
  36. what is a group within society that openly rejects and/or actively opposes society's values and norms
    counterculture
  37. what are the norms and values that members of a society believe should be observed in principal
    ideal culture
  38. what are the patterns of behavior that actually exist
    real culture
  39. what are different groups that share their material and non material culture with each other
    cultural diffusion
  40. what are cultures that were once distinct become increasingly similar to one another
    cultural leveling
  41. for example, mcdonalds found in countries where fast food was previously unknown
    cultural diffusion
  42. for example, independent mom and pop stores replaced by malls
    cultural leveling

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