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What do we mean by nurse patient interaction?
- Means tasks such as performing treatments and procedures,giving medications,assisting.
- Caring means protecting and looking after the well being of another,creating interpersonal relationship,the knowledge and skills needed
- the nurse who is shy,I secured,self serving,or more concern with meeting personal needs than patients needs will not be able to provide the caring part of nursing.
- your obligations as a student nurse are to get the best education you can and to develop a self awareness that will allow you to interact with your patients as a skilled,empathic,sensitive,and caring human being
What is the nursing theory and who are the major theorists
- Began with Florence nightingale in mid 1850s and then remained dormant until the mid 1950s
- a theory attempts to explain the nature of something
- major theorists: nightingale developed the first theory of nursing, Henderson's theory identifies 14components of basic nursing care which is breathe normally,eat and drink adequately, etc. Orem: says that the nurse helps patients meet self care deficits. Self care is the things people do on their own behalf in maintains life,health,and we'll being. Roy: says that peoples ability to adapt to their environment determines health. Neumann: states that stressors upset an individuals stability.
What are their relationship to nursing
- Nightingale was more concerned with environment than with person ,health, or nursing. The Henderson and Orem models emphasize the concept of nursing as having a duty to the person within the context of his or her environment. Roy and Neumann focused on the person in a fluctuating state of health ,with the nurse being the one who helps the person adjust to these fluctuations
- there was more to nursing than performing treatments and procedure
Briefly state and explain the 5 steps of nursing process
- Acronym: ADPIE
- assess:observing patients and asking questions of them, their ,or their significant others.
- nursing diagnosis: an existing or potential health problem that nurses can treat separately from a physician's order. It's made on the basis of information collected during the assessment phase.
- planning: setting priorities and writing the nursing care plan.each health care facility chooses it's own forms for the written nursing care plans.some uses paper forms others use computerized forms. Some has standard care plans that are specific to one nursing diagnosis.others develop individualized plans for each patient. A multidisciplinary conference includes nurses,social workers,physicians,pharmacists,dietitians therapist and others involve in providing care.family members are also involve..it's continually updated.
- implementation: it's put into practice. Problems should be reported to the professional nurse responsible for the patient unit or department
- evaluation:how we'll nursing interventions have worked in assisting the patients to achieve health goals. It's a constant process based on continual reassessment of the patients,revision of some or all nursing diagnoses,and changes in the nursing care plan.
- planning patients care by using the nursing process helps you organize your approach to the patient.it requires you to integrate your knowledge of person,environment,health,nursing, and medicine to best serve the patient. It's helps you communicate with other team members. The patients benefits from the quality of the care that the nursing process encourages