robert Chapter 12

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robert Chapter 12
2014-03-05 00:22:11
Robert Chapter 12

robert Chapter 12
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  1. is Barium
    sulfate is a positive contrast?
  2. What are the characteristics of Barium?
     It doesn’t get absorbed by the body and is insoluable in water and other aqueos solutions. 
  3. Is Barium dissolved or suspended? 
  4. How
    much do we rotate the patient for an RAO esophagram? 
    35-40 degrees
  5. How
    many segments make up the duodenum?

  6. what are the names of the segments that make up the duodenum? 
    • Superior (starting with the duodendal bulb),
    • Descending (contains the Duodenal papilla), Horizontal,
    • Ascending
  7. What
    is the act of chewing called?
  8. What
    vertebral level is the duodenal bulb located on a sthenic patient? 
    L1/ L2
  9. Whats
    the junction between the stomach and esophagus called? 
    Esophagogastric junction
  10. What
    are the longitudinal gastric folds in the stomach called? 
  11. .
    If I have a patient in the prone position and we are doing a double contrast
    study, what part of the stomach is radiolucent? 
  12. What
    produces a “rat tail” sign? 
  13. if
    the duodenal bulb is around T11-T12, what body habitus is? 
  14. Whats
    a contraindication for barium sulfate? 
  15. What
    is the voluntary muscular contraction called that moves food in our ailementary
  16. What
    pathology can be called sliding or rolling? 
    Hiatal Hernia
  17. How
    much projected lead must be used in the apron during fluoroscopy? 
    .5mm lead(Pb)
  18. Where
    is the angular notch located? 
    Between the body and pylorus
  19. What
    materials can be used to detect radiolucent esophageal foreign bodies?  
    • Cottonballs,
    • barium pill  
    • marshmallows
  20. .
    How long should a 6 month old be NPO before a barium study? 
  21. The body of the stomach is between what? 
    Greater and lessercurvature or the esophagealgastric junction or fundus and pylorus depending onwording
  22. What is the formula for thick barium?
     3 or 4 to 1 Thin? 1 to 1
  23. What
    is the most posterior part of the stomach? 
  24. Why
    shouldn’t a patient smoke or chew gum during the NPO period before a study? 
    Becauseof increase of gastric secretions and salivation, preventing proper coating ofbarium to the gastric mucosa
  25. What
    pathologic condition is best demonstrated in the AP trendelenburg position?
    Hiatal hernia
  26. .Know
    what causes the indentations and where they are in the esophagus? 
    Aortic archand left primary bronchus
  27. Know all methods to determine reflux.
    • Water Test.
    • Toe touch.
    • Compression.
    • Mueller.
    • Valsalva.
  28. In the prone position where dose the barnuim rest
    body and Pylours
  29. In the erect position where does the air rest
  30. In the supine position where does the Barnuim rest
  31. Deglutition Mean
  32. rhythmic segmentation means
    mixing of d and digestive juices in small intestine
  33. at what level is the stomach and Duodenal on a HyperStehenic Person
    • T9-T12
    • L3-L4
  34. in Hyposthenic/Asthenic Patients what level is the stomach and Duodenal Bulb
    • T11-L5
    • L3-L4
  35. what level is the stomach and Doudenal located on an Sthenic Patient
    • T11-L2
    • T1-T2
  36. ____ _____ is a condition in which a portion of the stomach herniates through the diaphragmatic opening.
    Hiatal hernia
  37. _____ _______ hernia is a second type of hiatal hernia that is caused by weakening of a small muscle (esophageal sphincter)
    Sliding hiatal
  38. 2 types of  breathing exercises are 
    • Valsalva maneuver
    • Mueller maneuver