Card Set Information
Amer Govt brisus
Who was the 1st president to resign?
What was the first state to ratify the Constitution?
Who formed the first political party?
What was the first political party?
Who suggested the first national bank?
When was the French and Indian War?
When was the Boston Tea Party?
What is significant about
Marbury v. Madison
When was Federalism invented?
The US created a constitutional democratic govt when?
govt subject to strict limitations on its lawful uses of powers and hence on its ability to deprive people of their liberty
govt based on the ppl and subject to their control
What were some ways Britain taxed the colonies while in war with France?
Stamp Act (repealed)-->Towsend Act (repealed all except tea)-->Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress
-an end to the British military occupation
-their own councils for the imposition of taxes
-trial by local juries
Who was Britain's king in 1775?
King George III
What started the American Revolution?
Lexington and Concord (the shot heard 'round the world)
What prompted the revision of the Articles of Confederation?
Virginia Plan aka
called for 2-chamber Congress that would have supreme authority in all areas "in which the separate states are incompetent," particularly in defense and interstate trade.
New Jersey Plan aka
New Jersey Plan
called for a stronger nat'l gov't with the power to tax and to regulate commerce among the states
in most areas, though, the Articles would remain in effect.
each state would have ONE vote.
compromise over the revision of the Articles of Confederation.
called for a bicameral/2-chamber Congress (HR and Senate)
HR and Senate have how many votes?
HR-based on state population
Senate-based on an equal number of votes (two) for each state
agreement over economic and slavery issues
including 3/5ths compromise
revision of the Articles of Confederation over a powerful nat'l gov't
Two dominant Federalists included
Madison and Hamilton
major goals of the Federalists were to establish a govt that...
was strong enough to meet the nation's needs
would not threaten the existence of the separate states
would not threaten liberty
was based on popular consent
grants of power
powers granted to nat'l gov't
separated institutions sharing powers
division of nat'l gov'ts power among 3 branches with checks and balances
What was the purpose in creating separated institutions sharing powers?
To avoid factions gaining full power.
division of political authority between nat'l gov't and the states
Denials of power
powers expressly denied to the nat'l and state gov'ts by the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
First 10 Amendments
specify rights of citizens that the nat'l gov't must respect.
power of the courts to declare gov'tal action null and void when it is found to vioalte the Const.
power of the voters to remove officials fm office.
Congress consists of...
House and Senate
representatives of House depend on...
size of state
representatives of Senate depend on...
2 from each state
Function of executive branch
function of legislative branch
function of judicial branch
declares laws unconstitutional
declares presidential actions unconstitutional
tyranny of the majority
great risk of having a popular govt
democracy (old def)
power of majority is unlimited, whether exercised directly or through a representative
republic (old def)
govt that is based on majority rule but protects the minority through a guarantee of indiv rights and other checks on majority power.
elected representatives who vote according to their own conscience as to what policies are in the best interests of the public.
elected representatives who are obligated to respond directly to the expressed opinions of the people they represent
each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in Congress.
select party nominees
President's method of selection and term of service
electoral college and 4 years
US Senator's method of selection and term of service
state legislature and 6 years (1/3 of senators' terms expire every 2 years)
US representative's method of selection and term of service
popular election and 2 years
federal judge's method of selection and term of service
nominated by president, approved by Senate and indefinite (subject to "good behavior")
T or F Since the Progressive era, no major structural changes have taken place in the process by which American elect their leaders.
the division of soverignty between the nat'l gov't and state gov't
Federalism is the result of...
Contemporary federalism tilts toward...due to...
nat'l authority due to the increased interdependence of Amer. soc.
Examples of national powers
national defense, currency, foreign affairs
lend/borrow money, raise taxes, and transportation
education, public safety, registration and voting
union in which the states alone are sovereign
sovereignty is vested solely in the natl govt
Article I of Constitution grants nat'l gov't...
17 enumerated powers
natl law prevails over state laws when in its const limits
"necessary and proper" clause aka
"necessary and proper" clause
gives Congress the power to make all laws nec and proper for carrying out enumerated powers.
the authority to take action that is not expressly authorized by the Const but that supports actions that are so authorized.
powers granted to the States
Federalism progressed through 3 historical eras.
constitutions beginnings (1798) through end of civil war (1865)
a doctrine that says a precise separation of power and state power is both possible and desirable
Plessy v. Ferfuson
separate but equal ruling (segregation era)
business should be allowed to act w/o interference
Congress shall have the power to regulate commerce among the states and w/ other nations.
FDR's fed jobs program during Great Depression
NIRA (Natl Industry Recovery Act)
Brown v. Board of Education
states could not require black children to attend separate public schools fm those attended by white children.
partial shift in authority fm fed govt to state and local govts
jointly funded, jointly adminstered, and jointly determined
the expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local govts
grants in aid
more restrictive and specific
less restrictive and more general
Garcia v. San Antonio Authority
T or F Federalism was a pragmatic issue to the Framers, one to be decided by the nat'l needs rather than by inflexible rules.