Chapter 27-28 Test

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  1. White Man’s Burden
    the white society has the duty to go out an make other country’s lives better
  2. Henry Cabot Lodge
    said the Earth belonged to the strong and fit
  3. Captain Alfred Thayer
    • said that a nation’s greatness is measured by its naval power
    • book: The influence of Sea Power on History
  4. Big Sister policy
    the US would protect and intervene on behalf of Latin American nations
  5. Pan American Conference of 1889
    all American nations met
  6. Background/reasons to get Hawaii
    way station for shippers, sailors and whalers
  7. Queen L of Hawaii views on annexation
    • opposed it and was put on house arrest
    • AKA “lock down”
  8. Cleveland’s Response to Queen L
    Believed Hawaiians had been wrong and opposed annexation
  9. Cuban Revolt
    against Spanish domination
  10. Reasons for Cuba’s Revolt Against Spain
  11. Hearst’s Comment
    “You supply the pictures, I’ll supply the war”
  12. Reconcentration
    Spanish rebels put into concentration camps
  13. DeLome Letter
    Spanish Ambassador to the US who criticized President McKinley as a “would be” politician
  14. Maine Explosion/Jingo
    • The American ship, Maine, blew up in Spanish harbor
    • The jingos called for war with this jingle: Remember the Maine, to hell with Spain
  15. Reasons to support Revolution in Cuba
    • the Maine
    • Yellow journalism
    • reconcentration camps
    • Spanish misrule threatened freedom of the Gulf of Mexico and Panama Canal (being constructed by France)
    • sympathy for the Cuban patriots
  16. Spanish American War Dates
  17. Teller Amendment
    Congress promises Cuba freedom after the war
  18. U.S. annexed
  19. US Navy in Cuba
    blocks Spanish ships in Cuban Harbor
  20. Rough Riders
    volunteer soldiers recruited by Teddy Roosevelt and led by Colonel Leonard Wood
  21. San Juan Hill
    Rough riders led the charge to take this area
  22. Puerto Rico
    also taken from Spain and wish their freedom
  23. Peace Treaty with Spain and Results
    • Got several nations
    • Puerto Rico
    • the Philippines 
    • Cuba
  24. Battle of Manila Bay
    Commander Dewey takes this bay destroying nearly all of Spanish fleet
  25. Commodore George Dewey/US Navy
    proves US naval power at Manila Bay
  26. Pact of Paris
    US gets Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines
  27. The Anti-Imperialist League
    against imperialism because of rising power and large costs of war and that this goes against ideals in Declaration of Independence which were against colonialism
  28. The Foraker Act of 1900
    Puerto Rico becomes a US territory and keeps freedom
  29. Insular Cases
    confirmed that Constitutional rights do not extend to territories
  30. Reed and Gorgas
    discovered cause of yellow fever and helped develop vaccine
  31. Platt Amendment
    • Cuba cannot make agreements with other countries to put independence in danger
    • has to let us have Guantanamo Bay for naval station
    • cannot build up excessive debt
    • US can intervene to help maintain efficient
    • independent government
  32. Filipino insurrection
    • led by Auguinaldo, once our ally
    • He was captured after a brief fight
  33. Philippine governor and improvements
    Taft became governor and built roads and schools and improved sanitation
  34. Open Door note
    • US wants China to remain “open” to missionaries and also open as a market and not be colonized by other nations
    • reissued after the Boxer rebllion by the US and China remains open for missionaries and for marketing
  35. Boxer Rebellion causes and results
    • caused by a secret society trying to drive out imperialists in China
    • All the powerful nations, Russia, England, and US united against the rebels and won. 
    • Called boxers because of their martial arts skills
  36. 9 Power Treaty
    Designed to protect China’s terriroty and nullified when Japan attached Manchuria
  37. Election of 1900
    • McKinley v. Bryan
    • McKinley wins but is assassinated in 1901 by an anarchist
  38. First Modern President/Characteristics of TR
    • McKinley v. Bryan
    • McKinley wins but is assassinated in 1901 by an anarchist
  39. First Modern President/Characteristics of TR
    militaristic, moralizers, reformer, very charismatic
  40. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
    US got rights to build Panama canal and paid Columbia $10 million for a 6 mile zone and $250,000 annually
  41. Revolution in Panama
    • rise up against Columbia
    • With US intervention, Panama becomes independent
  42. Hay-Bunau-Varillam Treaty
    • $10 million to Panama
    • Annual payment of $250,000 with a canal zone of 10 miles
  43. Goods and Bads in Canal Building in Panama
    • save 8,000 in travel
    • strained relationships with Latin America
    • lost of people died building the canal because of accidents, poor sanitation, yellow fever
  44. Roosevelt Corollary/Bad Neighbor policy
    • extends the Monroe Doctrine
    • US will use military force to prevent European interference
    • Causes a lot of distrust
  45. Treaty of Portsmouth
    • Made between Japan and Russia when Japan attacked Manchuria
    • Roosevelt negotitated the treaty which splits the provinces in Mancharia between the two nations
  46. Nobel Peace Prize in 1906
    Awarded to Roosevelt for Portsmouth Treaty
  47. Gentlemen’s Agreement
    TR gets Japan to discourage immigration in exchange for ordering classes for Asians in DC
  48. The Root-Takahira Agreement
    • extended the Gentlemen’s agreement
    • US could exclude Japanese Immigrants
    • Japan could deny passports to laborers entering the US
  49. US Navy/Great White Fleet
    16 modern battle ships ready for “a feast, a frolic, or a fight.”
  50. Progressive Roots
    • modern society is too complex for
    • simple government
    • muckrakers
    • socialists
    • social gosepel
    • feminists
  51. Thorstein Veblen
    Wrote Theory of the Leisure Class attacking the wealth of people who preyed upon the poor
  52. Jacob A. Riis
    Documented NY slums with photography in How the Other Half Lives
  53. Muckrakers
    writers who exposed wrongs in business and society
  54. Feminists
    fought for women’s voting rights and equality
  55. Ida M. Tarbell
    wrote about Standard Oil
  56. Progressive Reformers/Goals
    curb trusts and improve lives of common people
  57. Political reforms
    • direct primary elections
    • initiative to let people suggest and vote on proposed legislation
    • recall or remove public officials
    • direct election of senators
  58. 17th Amendment
    direct election of senators
  59. City Reformers
    Using commissions to manage cities and counties
  60. Robert M. La Follette
    progressive who got lumber and railroad companies to stop controlling government in Wisconsin and also regulated public utilities
  61. Suffrage Struggles
    still struggling to get the vote and seen as too manly
  62. Muller vs. Oregon (1908)
    Laws protecting women workers are constitutional
  63. Lochner vs. New York
    no ten hour day for bakers
  64. Triangle Shirtwaist Company in NYC
    • bad place to work because of violations of the fire code and locking the doors during work. 
    • During a fire, 146 women died
  65. Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
    led by Francis E. Willard and 1 million women still trying to get America to sober up
  66. 18th Amendment
    no alcohol sales in the US
  67. Square Deal/3 C’s
    • control of corporations
    • consumer protection
    • conservation
  68. 1902 Mine Strike Results
    • Pennsylvania coal company won’t negotiation with strikers
    • TJ intervenes telling owners he will take over if they don’t solve it
  69. Department of Commerce and Labor
    created to help with labor and owner issues
  70. Elkins Act
    heavy fines for RR rebates
  71. The Hepburn Act
    free passes and bribery restricted
  72. Interstate Commerce Commission
    power to nullify existing rates and set maximum rates
  73. TR’s Trust Numbers Busted
    40 trusts broken up
  74. Good vs. Bad Trusts
    • big trusts are not all bad
    • those that abuse their power and hold the consumer at their mercy are and must be broken up
  75. Northern Securities Company
    Held monopoly of Northeast railroads and was disbanded
  76. Upton Sinclair’s Jungle
    exposed problems with the meat industry
  77. Meat Inspection Act
    provided a rating system for meat and inspection of processing plants
  78. Pure Food and Drug Act
    • prevented mislabeling of food and drugs
    • cleaned up the food industry
  79. Desert Land Act of 1877
    could buy land cheap if it was irrigated in 3 years
  80. Forest Reserve Act of 1891
    set aside public forests as national parks
  81. John Muir
    explored Yellowstone and helped it become a state park
  82. The Newlands Act of 1902
    collected money from public lands in west and used them for irrigation projects
  83. Boy Scouts of America and the Sierra Club
    preserves wilderness in the west STILL TODAY
  84. Panic of 1907 Cause
    over speculation
  85. Aldrich-Vreeland Act
    national banks could issue emergency currency
  86. Trust Buster
  87. Standard Oil
    Rockefeller’s huge company is broken up into many smaller ones because it held a 99% monopoly on oil
  88. US Steel
    not broken up because the US needed steel supplies and JP Morgan had loaned us money
  89. 1908 Election/Legacy of TR
    conservation and regulation
  90. Dollar Diplomacy
    promoting US foreign policy or control of smaller governments through money
  91. Payne-Aldrich Bill
    • reduced the tariff 
    • considered “the mother of all trusts
  92. Ballinger-Pinchot quarrel of 1910
    • Secretary of Interior Ballinger opened up western lands to public sale
    • Pinchot disagreed
    • Taft fired Pinchot for insubordination
  93. Division of Republican Party
    • Roosevelt disagreed with Taft’s policies and divides the Republican Party
    • he creates a new party called the Bull Moose Party
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Chapter 27-28 Test
2014-02-04 15:19:25

Chapter 27-28 Test apush
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