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Even before the outbreak of hostilities in Europe during WWII, the General Headquarters (GHQ) Air Force had begun a massive expansion program. The Air Corps planned to have _______ by 1941 which would require greatly enhanced manpower, training, and equipment.
24 operational combat-ready groups
In 1938, when the United States first took seriously the signs of war in Europe, the Army's air arm was still split into two cumbersome command organizations:
the Army Air Corps and GHQ Air Force
Congress passed the first peacetime conscription law in U.S. history in _______.
From 1939 until 1941, the concept of training did not change drastically, but the scale did. Training centers:
expanded and multiplied
From 1939 until 1941, training centers expanded and multiplied. The air corps could not build housing fast enough or find qualified instructors in sufficient numbers to keep up with the pace. Army officials turned to _______ to help meet the demand.
More than _______ enlisted Airmen served in the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) during WWII, the largest war ever.
Although a former 8th Air Force gunner estimated "it took an average of about 30 men to support a bomber", the ratio of support personnel required to keep planes in the air was probably closer to:
70 men to 1 airplane
Women served with distinction in the U.S. Army Air Force, replacing men who could then be reassigned to combat and other vital duties. The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was created in _______.
Women served with distinction in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), replacing men who could then be reassigned to other vital duties. Top priority for assignment of WAACs was to serve:
at aircraft warning service stations
The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was created in May, 1942. In the spring of 1943, the WAAC became:
the Women's Army Corps (WAC)
On 11 May 1949, Air Force Letter 35.3 was published, mandating that:
black Airmen be screened for reassignment to formerly all-white units according to qualifications
USAAF enlisted crews flew thousands of combat missions during WWII but two missions over Japan in August 1945 changed the world:
the Enola Gay dropped the first nuclear bomb on Hiroshima and the Bock's Car dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki
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