Fungal Diseases of the Lung

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Fungal Diseases of the Lung
2014-02-04 13:32:38
Fungus Lungs

Regarding different fungal diseases in the lungs.
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  1. Which of the following is the most common fungal infection in the United States?
    a.  coccidioidomycosis
    b.  histoplasmosis
    c.  San Joaquin Valley disease
    d.  blastomycosis
  2. Incidence of histoplasmosis is especially high in which of the following area(s)?
    1.  Arizona
    2.  Mississippi
    3.  Nevada
    4.  Texas

    a.  2 only
    b.  4 only
    c.  2 and 4 only
    d.  2 and 3 only
  3. The condition called desert bumps, desert arthritis, or desert rheumatism is associated with which fungal disorder?
    a.  Ohio Valley fever
    b.  blastomycosis
    c.  coccidioidomycosis
    d.  aspergillosis
  4. Which of the following is or are used to treat fungal diseases?
    1.  streptomycin
    2.  amphotericin B
    3.  penicillin G
    4.  itraconazole

    a.  1 only
    b.  2 only
    c.  4 only
    d.  2 and 4 only
  5. Which of the following forms of histoplasmosis is characterized by healed lesions in the hilar lymph nodes as well as a positive histoplasmin skin test response?
    a.  disseminated infection
    b.  latent asymptomatic disease
    c.  chronic histoplasmosis
    d.  self-limiting primary disease
  6. Anatomic alterations found in the lungs of patients with a fungal infection include all of the following, except:
    a.  cavitation
    b.  hyperinflation of the alveoli due to air trapping
    c.  alveolar consolidation
    d.  granuloma formation
  7. A pulmonary fungal infection most commonly involves the:
    a.  upper lobes
    b.  middle lobes
    c.  lower lobes
    d.  all lobes equally
  8. How is a fungal lung infection acquired?
    a.  direct contact with an infected person
    b.  inhalation of bacteria
    c.  ingestion of spores
    d.  inhalation of spores
  9. The most common fungal infection found in the United States is:
    a.  cryptococcosis
    b.  histoplasmosis
    c.  blastomycosis
    d.  coccidioidomycosis
  10. Fungal spores may be found in which of the following?
    1.  animals
    2.  air
    3.  soil
    4.  fomites

    a.  1 and 2 only
    b.  3 and 4 only
    c.  2, 3, and 4 only
    d.  1, 2, 3, and 4
  11. The fungus Histoplasma capsulatum is found in what area of the United States?
    a.  southwest
    b.  south-central
    c.  midwest
    d.  eastern
  12. Your patient has pneumonia from an infection by Candida neoformans.  What medication should be used?
    a.  terbinafine, Lamisil
    b.  penicillin, Amoxicillin
    c.  ketoconazole, Nizoral
    d.  tobramycin, TOBI
  13. The fungus Coccidioides immitis is found in what area of the United States?
    a.  southwest
    b.  south-central
    c.  midwest
    d.  eastern
  14. In reaction to a severe fungal lung infection, what can be expected in the patient?
    1.  increased heart rate
    2.  increased respiratory rate
    3.  Hypotension
    4.  increased blood pressure

    a.  3 only
    b.  2 and 4 only
    c.  1, 2, and 4 only
    d.  1, 2, and 3 only
  15. During the early stages of a fungal lung infection, which of the following is commonly seen on the chest radiograph?
    a.  depressed diaphragms
    b.  spherical nodules
    c.  left shift of the heart
    d.  cavities