Fungal Diseases of the Lung

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Author:
madali03
ID:
260195
Filename:
Fungal Diseases of the Lung
Updated:
2014-02-04 13:32:38
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Fungus Lungs
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Description:
Regarding different fungal diseases in the lungs.
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  1. Which of the following is the most common fungal infection in the United States?
    a.  coccidioidomycosis
    b.  histoplasmosis
    c.  San Joaquin Valley disease
    d.  blastomycosis
    B
  2. Incidence of histoplasmosis is especially high in which of the following area(s)?
    1.  Arizona
    2.  Mississippi
    3.  Nevada
    4.  Texas

    a.  2 only
    b.  4 only
    c.  2 and 4 only
    d.  2 and 3 only
    A
  3. The condition called desert bumps, desert arthritis, or desert rheumatism is associated with which fungal disorder?
    a.  Ohio Valley fever
    b.  blastomycosis
    c.  coccidioidomycosis
    d.  aspergillosis
    C
  4. Which of the following is or are used to treat fungal diseases?
    1.  streptomycin
    2.  amphotericin B
    3.  penicillin G
    4.  itraconazole

    a.  1 only
    b.  2 only
    c.  4 only
    d.  2 and 4 only
    D
  5. Which of the following forms of histoplasmosis is characterized by healed lesions in the hilar lymph nodes as well as a positive histoplasmin skin test response?
    a.  disseminated infection
    b.  latent asymptomatic disease
    c.  chronic histoplasmosis
    d.  self-limiting primary disease
    B
  6. Anatomic alterations found in the lungs of patients with a fungal infection include all of the following, except:
    a.  cavitation
    b.  hyperinflation of the alveoli due to air trapping
    c.  alveolar consolidation
    d.  granuloma formation
    B
  7. A pulmonary fungal infection most commonly involves the:
    a.  upper lobes
    b.  middle lobes
    c.  lower lobes
    d.  all lobes equally
    A
  8. How is a fungal lung infection acquired?
    a.  direct contact with an infected person
    b.  inhalation of bacteria
    c.  ingestion of spores
    d.  inhalation of spores
    D
  9. The most common fungal infection found in the United States is:
    a.  cryptococcosis
    b.  histoplasmosis
    c.  blastomycosis
    d.  coccidioidomycosis
    B
  10. Fungal spores may be found in which of the following?
    1.  animals
    2.  air
    3.  soil
    4.  fomites

    a.  1 and 2 only
    b.  3 and 4 only
    c.  2, 3, and 4 only
    d.  1, 2, 3, and 4
    D
  11. The fungus Histoplasma capsulatum is found in what area of the United States?
    a.  southwest
    b.  south-central
    c.  midwest
    d.  eastern
    C
  12. Your patient has pneumonia from an infection by Candida neoformans.  What medication should be used?
    a.  terbinafine, Lamisil
    b.  penicillin, Amoxicillin
    c.  ketoconazole, Nizoral
    d.  tobramycin, TOBI
    C
  13. The fungus Coccidioides immitis is found in what area of the United States?
    a.  southwest
    b.  south-central
    c.  midwest
    d.  eastern
    A
  14. In reaction to a severe fungal lung infection, what can be expected in the patient?
    1.  increased heart rate
    2.  increased respiratory rate
    3.  Hypotension
    4.  increased blood pressure

    a.  3 only
    b.  2 and 4 only
    c.  1, 2, and 4 only
    d.  1, 2, and 3 only
    C
  15. During the early stages of a fungal lung infection, which of the following is commonly seen on the chest radiograph?
    a.  depressed diaphragms
    b.  spherical nodules
    c.  left shift of the heart
    d.  cavities
    B

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