W/ a sudden increase in pH, what is the magnitude and time course of the compensations that act to minimize change in pH of the body fluids, including buffers, respiratory adjustments, and renal adjustments?
- Decreased pH (<7.35)
- Elevated PaCO2 (>45 mmHg)
- Buffers act like bases (minutes to hours)
- Kidneys increase their secretion of H+, reabsorption of HCO3- and synthesis of HCO3- (3-5 days)