Zoology 3, Test 1: Lesson 1 2

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ethanjenn
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260301
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Zoology 3, Test 1: Lesson 1 2
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2014-02-19 14:09:01
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Apologia Zoology Lesson Intro Carnivorous Mammals
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Zoology 3 Land Animals
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Apologia Zoology 3, Lesson 1, 2: Apologia Introduction, Carnivorous Mammals
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  1. What is a safari?
    A safari is a journey across a stretch of land usually made to observe or hunt wild animals.
  2. What day did god make the land animals?
    The sixth day
  3. What three groups did God separate the animals into?
    • 1. Wild Animals
    • 2. Livestock
    • 3. Creatures that move along the ground
  4. What are livestock?
    Animals that humans use for food or to help them with work.
  5. Name some examples of livestock animals.
    Pigs, sheep, horses, cows, camels, oxen
  6. What physical feature do all livestock have in common?
    They have hooves.
  7. What are hooved animals called?
    Ungulates
  8. Can you name some examples of ungulates that are not livestock?
    zebras, gazelles, dear, elk
  9. What is an ocelot?
    A small wild cat.
  10. Can you think of a wild animal that has been bred over many years to become a pet?

    What are pet animals called?
    cats, dogs

    domesticated
  11. There are many "species" of animals but not as many "kinds" of animals. Can you give an example of each?
    Answers will vary. One example of a kind would be the dog kind. Examples of species from the dog kind would be wolves, foxes, dogs
  12. The bible says that an animal can reproduce after its own kind. What does this mean?
    An animal from the dog-kind can only make dogs.
  13. Did Noah bring every species of dog on the ark?
    No, he probably just brought one dog-kind that eventually produced all of the different dog-kind we have today. This would mean dogs, wolves, foxes, etc all came from the same two dogs.
  14. What are the "creeping" animals mentioned in the animals which were created on the 6th day?
    most likely reptiles, amphibians, arthropods and worms
  15. What is natural selection?
    The process by which creatures that are best adapted to their environment survive.
  16. What are ungulates?
    Animals with hooves.
  17. What are illnesses that can be transmitted between animals and people, like avian flu, mad cow diseas, west ile fever and Lyme disease called?
    zoonotic diseases
  18. What are people called who study animal behavior, habitats, anatomy and everything else they can about animals called?
    zoologists
  19. What is a doctor who works with injured and ill animals called?
    veterinarian
  20. What is the process through which animals get used to people or other things that aren't naturally a part of their surroundings called?
    habituation
  21. Name some examples of animal habituation.
    • Jane Goodall with the chimpanzees.
    • A group from Cornell University and the meerkats.
  22. How is animal habituation dangerous for the scientist?
    The animal could hurt them.
  23. How is animal habituation dangerous for the animals?
    They could start trusting humans too much.
  24. Why do scientists use animal habituation to study animals?
    Because when we study animals in the wild they might act differently around humans than they normally would if they are not used to them.
  25. Are animals that have been habituated "tame"?
    No, they are not tamed animals.
  26. In the beginning, what did God give all of the animals to eat?
    plants
  27. Was there always predator and prey?
    No, God gave the animals plants to eat.
  28. What is a herbivore?
    An animal that only eats plants.
  29. What are predators?
    Predators are animals that eat other animals.
  30. What are prey?
    They are the animals that are eaten by another animal.
  31. Will there be predators and prey after Jesus comes according to Isaiah?
    No. They will dwell together in peace as in the beginning.
  32. What are some veterinarian specialties?
    • small animals
    • large animals
    • exotic animals
  33. Name some places that a veterinarian could work?
    • chicken plants
    • in the government educating people about zoonotic diseases
    • animal park
    • zoo
  34. Where do zoologists normally work?
    They work out in the field, usually in the wild. They can work for private companies or the government.
  35. What do zoologists normally do in their job?
    capture and tag animals, work as zoo keepers, work to help preservation/conservation, become animal educators. They usually study one kind of animal.
  36. Name a few pet careers that you don't need a degree for.
    • horse breeder
    • horse trainer
    • animal control officer
    • work at a pet store or shelter
    • dog trainer
  37. When an animal becomes habituated are they habituated with all people?
    No, they are only habituated to that person or persons who have been in their environment.
  38. Name the taxonomy for carnivorous mammals.
    • Kingdom: animalia
    • Phylum: chordata
    • Class: Mammalia
  39. What are the features of mammals?
    • They are chordates (have a backbone).
    • They are endothermic (warm-blooded).
    • They nurse their young with mother's milk.
    • They have hair.
  40. How are reptile and mammal jaws different?
    • Reptiles jaws only move up and down. Mammals jaws can move up and down, and also side to side.
    • Reptiles have several bones in their lower jaw, but mammals only have one bone in their lower jaw.
  41. What kind of hinge do reptiles have in their jaw?
    a simple hinge
  42. Who can digest their food better, reptiles or mammals?
    Mammals can because they are able to chew up their food. Reptiles can not chew their food, they must swallow their food whole.
  43. What are the four major kinds of teeth for mammals and how is each type used?
    • incisors: biting
    • canines: tearing and gripping
    • premolars: grinding
    • molars: grinding
  44. How are the teeth of plant-eating mammals and carnivorous mammals sometimes different?
    Plant-eating animals have no canines, broad flat incisors and square flat molars and premolars. Carnivorous mammals have long sharp canine teeth, pointed incisors and molars and premolars with jagged edges.
  45. Name one mammal that is an herbivore but has teeth like a carnivore.
    • Panda bears have sharp incisor and canine teeth to eat the bamboo shoots.
    • Fruit bats have long sharp incisors to puncture the flesh of fruit.
  46. What are the two layers of skin called and where are the located.
    • The epidermis is the outer layer of skin.
    • The dermis is the inner layer of skin.
  47. How are the dermis and epidermis different?
    • The dermis is made of live cells and is living. The dermis bleeds and bruises.
    • The epidermis is made of dead cells and is not living. The epidermis has hair on it.
  48. Where are the glands in your skin and what are they used for?
    • The glands are located in the dermis layer of your skin.
    • They are used to make and release chemicals.
  49. What are scent glands?
    They are special glands located in the dermis that produce and release smells or scents.
  50. Why do animals release scents? Give an example of this.
    • To communicated with each other.
    • Baby animals can smell their mothers.
    • Cats put their smell around their house to let other cats know they live there.
  51. What are sweat glands?
    special glands that produce and release a watery mixture we call sweat.
  52. Why do mammals sweat?
    to cool off.
  53. How does sweating cool off mammals?
    The sweat evaporates off of the skin cooling the animal.
  54. What do the mammals in order carnivora eat?
    meat
  55. What are molars and premolars specially designed to cut meat called?
    carnassial teeth
  56. How do cats kill their pray?
    They bite the neck or throat
  57. How do dogs kill their pray?
    They shake it viciously.
  58. How do weasels kill their prey?
    They bite the base of the skull.
  59. What are the two groups (or families) that we split order carnivora into?
    • Caniforms (canidae)
    • Feliforms (felidae)
  60. What are Caniforms?
    Animals in canidae are dogs, bears, raccoons and otters
  61. What are Feliforms?
    Animals in felidae are cats, hyenas and mongooses
  62. What sense do dogs use the most?
    sense of smell
  63. what are some of the ways that dogs communicate?
    bark, release scents with their glands
  64. How manh of each gene do you have?
    two
  65. Where do you get your genes from?
    You get them from your mother and father.
  66. If a gene is recessive, what does that mean?
    It will be masked and will now show up in the animal.
  67. How does a pack of dogs usually hunt prey?
    They use their sense of smell to track the prey. They hunt in a group. They separate one of the weaker animals away from its group and they bite its legs until it falls down.
  68. What do we call the male leader of a pack?
    alpha male
  69. What do we call the female leader of a dog pack?
    the alpha female
  70. What do we call a group of dogs that live together?
    a pack
  71. Which dogs in a pack are allowed to breed>?
    Only the dominant pair (alpha male and alpha female) in the pack are allowed to breed.
  72. Who raises the pups in a pack?
    The whole pack raises the pups.
  73. How is placement or order in a pack established between the dogs?
    By challenging each other with tug of war or wrestling.
  74. Who eats first in a dog pack?
    The dominant pair (alpha female and male) eat first, then the other dogs. They then go back to the den and vomit or regurgitate the food back up for the pups to eat.
  75. Where do alpha dogs have their puppies?
    A hole in the ground called a den.
  76. What is the group of babies called in a dog pack?
    a litter
  77. How do dogs show they are aggressive?
    Show their teeth, growl, bark, hair on their back raises to try to make them look bitter.
  78. How do dogs show they are submissive?
    They lower their body, flatten their ears, tuck their tale in. Sometimes they roll over and expose their belly. Sometimes they whimper.
  79. Describe a canine foot.
    They have one large pad and four smaller toes in front. Sometimes they have a fifth toe on the two front legs that doesn't touch the ground.
  80. How do dogs walk?
    on their tows
  81. What does the term digitigrades mean
    It means an animal that walks on it toes.
  82. Can dogs see in color or only in black and white?
    They can see color.
  83. How do dogs see differently than humans and why?
    Dogs cannot see as many colors as humans because they do not have as many color sensors in their eyes as humans have.
  84. What are olfactory organs?
    Organs used for smell.
  85. Why do dogs smell better than humans?
    They have twenty-five times more olfactory sensors than humans do,.
  86. This type of gene will win; its information will be used.
    dominant
  87. The form in which DNA stores information.
    gene
  88. A molecule that exists in every living creature and stores information that helps the creature be what it is supposed to be
    DNA
  89. Glands that produce and release a water-based mixture we call sweat.
    sweat glands
  90. the outer layer of skin that has hair on it.
    epidermis
  91. A carnivore's molars and premolars that are specially designed to cut meat.
    carnassial teeth
  92. Mammals' teeth used for grinding, right behind the canine teeth.
    premolars
  93. Mammals' teeth used for tearing and gripping.
    canines
  94. A group in order Carnivora that contains dog-like animals.
    caniforms
  95. Organs in the body that make and release chemicals
    glands
  96. Mammals' teeth used for cutting.
    incisors
  97. An order in the animal kingdom that contains many of the ferocious predators.
    carnivora
  98. Mammals' teeth (in the very back of the mouth) used for grinding
    molars
  99. the layer of skin under the epidermis; it gets bruised and bleeds.
    dermis
  100. This gene will not be used when the dominant gene is present
    recessive
  101. Glands that release odors.
    scent glands
  102. A group in order Carnivora that contains cat-like animals.
    feliforms
  103. To break down food so it can be turned into energy.
    digest
  104. Wolf taxonomy
    Canis lupus
  105. Why are wolves pests?
    They eat livestock, attack people
  106. Why are wolves becoming extinct?
    They are being squeezed out by cities and towns being built. They were hunted almost to extinction.
  107. What wolf is on the endangered species list?
    Timber Wolf
  108. How many dogs are usually in a wolf pack?
    Approximately 10
  109. Who is allowed to breed in a wolf pack?
    The dominant alpha male and female.
  110. Why do wolfs howl?
    To define their territory.,
  111. Do wolves bark?
    No...rarely.
  112. How do wolves feed their young?
    Babies eat milk from their young until they can eat food regurgitated by other wolves.
  113. Why are coyotes thriving but wolves are not?
    Coyotes do not need as much space. They adapt their diets to their environment easier.
  114. What does the word "opportunistic" living mean?
    The animal can change the way it lives and what it eats to match its environment/habitat.
  115. How are coyotes opportunistic about their diet?
    They will eat fruit and other plant parts to supplement their diet to survive.
  116. How do coyotes hunt normally?
    They mostly hunt alone. Sometimes they will form a small pack.
  117. What is the coyote pounce?
    It is how the coyote hunts. He leaps straight in the air and brings its front feet down on its prey.
  118. What prey do coyotes normally eat?
    mostly small prey like rabbits, rats, etc. Sometimes they will form a small pack to hunt bigger prey like deer, but not normally.
  119. Do coyotes howl or bark?
    They are night howlers.
  120. Coyote taxonomy
    Canis latrans
  121. red fox taxonomy
    Vulpes vulpes
  122. What do red foxes eat?
    They are opportunistic. They will eat small prey like mice and rabbits and also fruit.
  123. Are red foxes pack animals or solitary?
    solitary
  124. How do foxes hunt?
    They pounce on their prey like coyotes do.
  125. Are red foxes strictly carnivores?
    No, even though they are in order Carnivora, they are omnivores technically, because they eat fruit sometimes.
  126. What is the fox that lives in  Europe, Asiam, North America, Greenland and Iceland?
    arctic fox
  127. What color is the arctic fox?
    Blueish-gray in summer and pure white in winter.
  128. arctic fox taxonomy
    Vulpes lagopus
  129. What are jackals normally associated with?
    death, wastelands, evil, villian
  130. Where do jackals live?
    Africa, parts of Asia and parts of Europe
  131. What do jackals eat?
    They pick over the remains of other animals prey. They are scavengers.
  132. Can jackals live in or near cities?
    Yes they are opportunistic like foxes and coyotes.
  133. Where do dingoes live?
    Australia
  134. dingo taxonomy
    Canis familiaris dingo
  135. What do dingoes look like?
    German Shepherds
  136. What determines a dingo's fur color?
    Where it lives.
  137. Where do yellow dingoes live?
    sandy areas
  138. Where do darker black and tan dingoes live?
    forests
  139. Are raccoon dogs a raccoon or a dog?
    They are a dog. They just look like a raccoon
  140. raccoon dog taxonomy
    Nyctereutes procyonoides
  141. Where do raccoon dogs live?
    Japan
  142. How are raccoon dogs like raccoons?
    They are nocturnal, can climb trees, have a diet like raccoons.
  143. Why do we classify the raccoon dog as a dog?
    because it has feet like a dog. It does not have hand-like appendages like a raccoon. It also has teeth like a dog.
  144. What is another name for the African wild dog?
    the painted wolf
  145. Do painted wolfs (African wild dogs) live in packs or are they solitary?
    They live in packs of 6-20 dogs.
  146. What do African wild dogs hunt?
    zebras, impalas, wildebeest
  147. African wild dog taxonomy
    Lycaon pictus

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