Psych MOD 1-2

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Psych MOD 1-2
2014-02-05 12:03:23

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  1. Psychology
    The science of behavior and metal processes
  2. Definition of Perspectives: Neuroscience
    How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences.
  3. Definition of Perspectives: Evolutionary
    How the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival of genes.
  4. Definition of Perspectives: Behavior genetics
    How our genes and our environment influence our individual differences.
  5. Definition of Perspectives: Psychodynamic
    How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts.
  6. Definition of Perspectives: Behavioral
    How we learn observable responses
  7. Definition of Perspectives: Cognitive
    How we encode, process, store and retrieve information.
  8. Definition of Perspectives: Social-cultural
    How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures.
  9. Hypothesis
    A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
  10. Naturalist oberservation
    Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation.
  11. Case study
    An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principals.
  12. Survey
    A technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of a particular group, usually by questioning a representative, random sample of the group.
  13. Survey: Random sample
    A sample that fairly represents a population because each member had an equal chance of inclusion.
  14. Correlational research
    A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other.
  15. Experiment
    A research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process (the dependent variable). By random assignment of participants, the experimenter aims to control other relevant factors.
  16. Independent Variable
    The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.
  17. Dependent Variable
    The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable.
  18. Experimental group
    In an experiment, the group exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable.
  19. Control group
    In an experiment, the group not exposed to the treatment,; contrasts with the experimental group and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment.
  20. Double-blind studies
    An experimental procedure in which both the research participants and the research staff are ignorant (blind) about whether the research participants have received the treatment or a placebo. Commonly used in drug-evaluation studies.
  21. Placebo effect
    Experimental results caused by expectations alone; any effect on behavior caused by the administration of an inert substance or condition, which the recipient assumes is an active agent.