Pharmacology Chapter 4
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How do you administer drugs safely?
- Use two identifiers- arm band, birthdate, staff, picture…
- Right drug- read a label 3 times
- Right dose
- Right route
- Right time
- Right storage
- Right recording
- Right preparation
What does a patient/family need to know to take a medication safely?
- People should carry with them a list of medications they take
- Go through medicines with them
- Make sure they know how to store them
- Drug interactions and alternate therapy
- Special points about toxicity
- Special comfort measures
- Take as directed or until doctor tells you to stop taking it
- Safety measures
What are common reasons errors are made by nurses administering medications
- Sleep deprivations
- Mental lapses and fatigue
- Inadequate knowledge of drugs
- Inadequate knowledge of the patient
- Transcription and handwriting errors
- Dosage errors
- Deviation from procedure and policy
What should you do if you make a medication error?
- Monitor patient
- Report it
- Notify the manager of your unit
- Start and incident report
What percent of all malpractice cases are related to drugs?
What would you like to do?
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