Endocrine System hormones Anatomy Lab practical 1

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Endocrine System hormones Anatomy Lab practical 1
2014-02-05 18:42:44
anatomy II lab practical

lab practical 1 hormones
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  1. Pituitary gland is made up of:
    • adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary)
    • neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)
  2. Adenohypophysis secretes what hormones?
    • Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • Leutinizing hormone (LH)
    • Adenocorticotropic (ACTH)
    • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • Prolactin (PRL)
    • Growth hormone (GH)
  3. Neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)
    oxytoxin and antidiuretic (ADH)
  4. Thyroid gland secretes what hormones?
    • Thyroid hormone (Thyroxine T4 and T3)
    • and Calcitonin
  5. Parathyroid gland releases what hormones?
    parathyroid hormone (used to stimulate kidneys to convert vitamin D to its active form calcitrol)
  6. Adrenal gland is made up of what two parts?
    adrenal medulla (middle part of the adrenal glands) and adrenal cortex
  7. Adrenal medulla secretes what hormones?
    epinephrine and norepinephrine which is used in flight or fight
  8. Adrenal cortex secretes what hormones?
    • mineralcorticoids (aldosterone), glucocorticoids (cortisone), gonadocorticoids (sex hormones)
    • cortex sounds like CORTICOIDS
  9. Gonadocorticoids consists of what?
    androgens (male hormones) and estrogen (female sex hormones)
  10. What does mineralcorticoids (aldosterone) function?
    regulate water and electrolyte balance in extracellular fluids by regulating sodium ions by reabsorption in kidneys tubules
  11. Pancreas secretes what hormones
    insulin and glucagon
  12. Ovaries secrete what hormones
    estrogen and progesterone
  13. Testes secrete what hormone?
  14. Thymus secretes what hormones
    thymosin and thymopoietin
  15. Pineal gland secretes what hormone?