Ch. 1

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Ch. 1
2014-02-05 21:56:16
Criminal Investigation
Criminal Investigation
The Evolution of Criminal Investigation and Criminalistics
Show Answers:

  1. Who established the London Metropolitan Police in 1829?
    Sir Robert Peel
  2. What two events occured during the 18th century, that affected how police services were delivered and investigations conducted?
    Agricultural revolution and Industrial revolution.
  3. What did Charles Townshend's crop rotation system and Jethro Tull's four bladed plow do for England's agricultural productivity?
    It freed more people from farm work and allowed them to have city jobs.
  4. Who established "The Bow Street Runners?"
    Henry Fielding. He established a small group of volunteer, non uniformed, home owners to "take thieves."
  5. Who were the first modern detective crew in 1750?
    The Bow Street Runners. They hurried to scenes of reported crimes and began investigations.
  6. In 1829, what act did Parliament pass?
    Metropolitan Police Act, which created  a Metropolitan Police force for London.
  7. Who were the two selected to be police commissioners?
    Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne. Responsible for the development of the new force.
  8. In 1844 what did the New York legislature create?
    The first unified police force in the country.
  9. Who formed the first major private detective agency?
    Allan Pinkerton
  10. What two broad areas were Pinkertons engaged in?
    1. Controlling a discontented working class, which was pushing for better wages and working conditions. 

    2. Pursuing bank and railroad robbers.
  11. What is a rogues gallery?
    Photographs of known offenders.
  12. Which court is the highest court in this country?
    The Supreme court
  13. What is Criminalistics?
    diverse disciplines, such as geology, physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics, to study physical evidence related to crime.
  14. Who established the first forensic laboratory in Lyon?
    Frenchman Edmond Locard.
  15. What are the three major scientific, systems for personal identification of criminals?
    • 1. Anthropometry
    • 2. Dactylography, (fingerprint identification)
    • 3. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  16. Who was the father of criminal identification?
    Alphonse Bertillon who developed Anthropometry.
  17. What is anthropometry?
    Every human being differs from every other one in the exact measurements of their body, and that the sum of these measurements yields a characteristic formula for each individual.