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Cancers of the kidney usually arise in the _____
Nephroblastomas are also known as _____________
Common metastatic sites for renal cell carcinoma is ___, ___ & ____.
Bone, Brain & Lung
Cancers manifest sites for renal pelvis are most commonly ______________
Cancers manifesting in the renal cortex are most commonly ____________
TURB, urine cytology & cystoscopy are best in the detection of _________ cancers
Most _____ tumors arise in the posterior wall, Lateral wall & Trigone
List 3 etiologic factors for bladder cancer
- dye working
- chronic bladder infections
- exposure to cadmium
- previous pelvic irradiation
List 3 histologic types for bladder cancer
- transitional cell
- Squamous cell
When treating a patient with ____ carcinoma preoperatively the 3 portals should be large enough to include the
Hypogastric & presacral nodes
surgical removal of the bladder
Chemotherapy drugs inserted directly into the bladder through a urinary catheter.
(Given weekly for 6-8 weeks with a holding time of about 2 hours)
What does TURB stand for?
Transurethral resection of the bladder
What does IVP stand for?
The ureters attach to the ____________ surface of the bladder
Renal cell carcinomas have immediate access to the blood route via the __________ & _____________
Inferior vena cava & abdominal aorta
The right kidney is slightly lower than the left due to the presence of the __________
the bladder is ____/____ to the cervix and ____ to the symphsis pubis
The bladder is ____/____ to the seminal vesicles and ______ to the ovaries
The most common presenting symptom of bladder cancer is __________
A carcinogen linked to renal cell and bladder carcinomas found in radiation therapy departments is _____________
The ureters enter the kidneys at the ___ _____
Urine passes from the bladder tot he outside of the body via the _____
Why is it important that the bladder be empty for treatment
so localization & targeting is consistent