Urinary

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Author:
sandy2696
ID:
260489
Filename:
Urinary
Updated:
2014-02-05 20:31:57
Tags:
Urinary
Folders:
Urinary
Description:
Urinary
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  1. Cancers of the kidney usually arise in the _____
    cortex
  2. Nephroblastomas are also known as _____________
    Wilms tumors
  3. Common metastatic sites for renal cell carcinoma is ___, ___ & ____.
    Bone, Brain & Lung
  4. Cancers manifest sites for renal pelvis are most commonly ______________
    Transitional cell
  5. Cancers manifesting in the renal cortex are most commonly ____________
    Adenocarcinoma
  6. TURB, urine cytology & cystoscopy are best in the detection of _________ cancers
    bladder
  7. Most _____ tumors arise in the posterior wall, Lateral wall & Trigone
    bladder
  8. List 3 etiologic factors for bladder cancer
    • dye working
    • chronic bladder infections
    • smoking
    • exposure to cadmium
    • previous pelvic irradiation
  9. List 3 histologic types for bladder cancer
    • transitional cell
    • Squamous cell
    • Adenocarcinoma
    • Sarcoma
    • Lymphoma
  10. When treating a patient with ____ carcinoma preoperatively the 3 portals should be large enough to include the
    Obturator
    External
    Hypogastric & presacral nodes
    Bladder
  11. Define:

    Cystectomy
    surgical removal of the bladder
  12. What is:
    Chemotherapy drugs inserted directly into the bladder through a urinary catheter.
    (Given weekly for 6-8 weeks with a holding time of about 2 hours)
    Intravesical therapy
  13. What does TURB stand for?
    Transurethral resection of the bladder
  14. What does IVP stand for?
    Intravenous pyelogram
  15. The ureters attach to the ____________ surface of the bladder
    posterolateral
  16. Renal cell carcinomas have immediate access to the blood route via the __________ & _____________
    Inferior vena cava & abdominal aorta
  17. The right kidney is slightly lower than the left due to the presence of the __________
    Liver
  18. the bladder is  ____/____ to the cervix and ____ to the symphsis pubis
    • anterior/inferior
    • posterior
  19. The bladder is ____/____ to the seminal vesicles and ______ to the ovaries
    • superior/medial
    • inferior
  20. The most common presenting symptom of bladder cancer is __________
    hematuria
  21. A carcinogen linked to renal cell and bladder carcinomas found in radiation therapy departments is _____________
    Cadmium
  22. The ureters enter the kidneys at the ___ _____
    Renal Pelvis
  23. Urine passes from the bladder tot he outside of the body via the _____
    Urethra
  24. Why is it important that the bladder be empty for treatment
    so localization & targeting is consistent

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