Anatomy Ch.1 2 of 2

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Mattyj1388
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Anatomy Ch.1 2 of 2
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2014-02-06 19:12:41
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Anatomy sdccd miramar college
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Anatomy Ch.1 Introduction/foundation, sdccd, definitions examples, etc.BIO-230: Text book: HUMAN ANATOMY 7th edition.
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  1. Abdominopelvic Quadrants and Regions.
  2. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Cephalon
    Cephalon, Cephalic, area of head
  3. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Cervicis
    Cervicis, Cervical, area of the neck
  4. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Thoracis
    Thoracis, Thoracic, The chest
  5. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Brachium
    Brachium, Brachial, The segment of the upper limb closest to the trunk; the arm.
  6. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Antebrachium
    Antebrachium, Antebrachial, The forearm
  7. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Carpus
    Carpus, Carpal, The wrist
  8. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Manus
    Manus, Manual, The hand
  9. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Abdomen
    Abdomen, Abdominal, The abdomen
  10. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Pelvis
    Pelvis, Pelvic, The pelvis (in general)
  11. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Pubis
    Pubis, Pubic, The anterior pelvis
  12. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Inguen
    Inguen, Inguinal, The groin (crease between thigh and trunk).
  13. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Lumbus
    Lumbus, Lumbar, The lower back
  14. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Gluteus
    Gluteus, Gluteal, The buttock
  15. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Femur
    Femur, Femoral, The thigh
  16. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Patella
    Patella, Patellar, The kneecap
  17. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Crus
    Crus, Crural, The leg, from knee to ankle
  18. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Sura
    Sura, Sural, The calf
  19. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Tarsus
    Tarsus, Tarsal, The ankle
  20. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Pes
    Pes, Pedal, The foot
  21. Anatomical Name, region, and area indicated (pg 16) of Planta
    Planta, plantar, sole region of foot
  22. Directional References (pg 17)
  23. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Anterior?
    • the front; before.
    • The navel on the anterior surface of the trunk.
  24. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Ventral?
    • The belly side (equivalent to anterior when referring to human body).
    • The navel is on the ventral surface.
  25. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Posterior?
    • The back; behind.
    • The scapula (SHoulder blade) is located posterior to the rib cage.
  26. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Dorsal?
    • The back (equivalent to posterior when referring to human body).
    • The scapula (Shoulder blade) is located Dorsal side of the body.
  27. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Cranial?
    • Toward the head.
    • The cranial, or cephalic, border of the pelvis is superior to the thigh.
  28. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Cephalic?
    Same as cranial.
  29. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Superior?
    Above; at a higher level (in the human body, toward the head).
  30. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Caudal?
    • Toward the tail (coccyx in humans).
    • The hips are cuadal to the waist.
  31. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Inferior?
    • Below; at a lower level; toward the feet.
    • The knees are inferior to the hips.
  32. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Medial?
    • Toward the midline (the longitudinal axis of the body).
    • The medial surfaces of the thighs may be in contact.
  33. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Lateral?
    • Away from the midline (the longitudinal axis of the body).
    • The femur articulates with the lateral surface of the pelvis.
  34. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Proximal?
    • Toward the attached base.
    • The thigh is proximal to the foot.
  35. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Distal?
    • Away from the attached base.
    • The fingers are distal to the wrist.
  36. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Superficial?
    • At, near, or relitively close to the body surface.
    • The skin is superficial to underlying structures.
  37. (pg 17) What are the Region or references to (also an example of) the term Deep?
    • Toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface.
    • The bone of the thigh is deep t the surrounding skeletal muscles.
  38. Planes of section (pg 18)
  39. ventral body cavity (pg 19)
    or coelom, contains organs of the respiratory, cardiovascular,digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.
  40. diaphragm
    a domeshapedmuscular sheet, separates the ventral body cavity into a superior thoraciccavity, enclosed by the chest wall, and an inferior abdominopelvic cavity, enclosedby the abdominal wall and pelvis.
  41. Thoracic Cavity (pg 20)
    Contains the lungs and heart, associated organs of the respiratory,cardiovascular, and lymphoid systems, as well as the thymus and inferiorportions of the esophagus.
  42. pleural cavity (pg 20)
    Each pleural cavity contains a lung.
  43. Body cavities (pg 20)
  44. pericardial cavity (pg 21)
    a small chamber that surrounds the heart.
  45. pericardium (pg 21)
    The serous membrane covering the heart is called the pericardium(peri-, around + kardia, heart). The layer covering the heart is the visceral pericardium, and the opposing surface is the parietal pericardium.
  46. Ventral Body Cavity (Coelom) (pg 21)
  47. Supine vs. Prone (pg 25)
    A person lying down in the anatomical position may be supine (face up) or prone (face down).
  48. Planes (pg 25)
    There are three sectional planes: frontal plane or coronal plane (anterior versusposterior), sagittal plane (right versus left sides), and transverse plane (superior versus inferior). These sectional planes and related reference termsdescribe relationships between the parts of the three-dimensional human body.
  49. Body cavities (pg 25)
    protect delicate organs and permit changes in the size and shapeof visceral organs. The ventral body cavity,,or coelom, surrounds organs of therespiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.
  50. diaphragm (pg 25)
    divides the ventral body cavity into the superior thoracic andinferior abdominopelvic cavities.
  51. Abdominal cavity (pg 25)
    extends from the inferior surface of the diaphragm to animaginary line drawn from the inferior surface of the most inferior spinalvertebra to the anterior and superior margin of the pelvic girdle. The portion ofthe ventral body cavity inferior to this imaginary line is the pelvic cavity.
  52. ventral body cavity (pg 25)
    contains narrow, fluid-filled spaces lined by a serousmembrane. The thoracic cavity contains two pleural cavities (each surroundinga lung) separated by the mediastinum.
  53. mediastinum (pg 25)
    contains the thymus, trachea, esophagus, blood vessels, andthe pericardial cavity, which surrounds the heart. The membrane lining the pleural cavities is called the pleura; the membrane lining the pericardial cavity iscalled the pericardium.
  54. abdominopelvic cavity (pg 25)
    contains the peritoneal cavity, which is lined bythe peritoneum.Many digestive organs are supported and stabilized by mesenteries.
  55. radiological procedures (pg 25)
    which can provide detailed informationabout internal systems, include x-rays, CT scans, MRI, and ultrasound. Physicians who perform and analyze these procedures are called radiologists.

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