GYN

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Author:
sandy2696
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260653
Filename:
GYN
Updated:
2014-02-06 21:13:06
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GYN
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GYN
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GYN
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  1. Inguinal nodes would most likely be treated when a cancer occurs in which area
    Vagina
  2. The most radio-tolerant structure of the gynecologic organs is the ________
    uterine canal
  3. For carcinoma in situ and stage 1 well-differentiated cancer, the entire vagina may be treated with low dose rate brachytherapy using a vaginal cylinder, with cesium 137 to a dose of ____ cGy
    6000 cGy
  4. If a patient with cervix cancer has a periaortic nodal involvement, there is a 35% increase risk for spread to the __________ area
    Supraclavicular
  5. What type of contrast may be used in defining the rectum during stimulation of treatment fields of the pelvis?
    barium sulfate
  6. When treating pelvic tumors with a high radiation dose, a major side effect is diarrhea due to the small bowel in the field.  It usually occurs at the 2nd or 3rd week of treatment.  Which of the following would be prescribed to alleviate this problem?
    Diphenoxylate   (Lomotil)
  7. When treating ovarian cancer with radiation, often the abdominal cavity is involved with the disease; what is the tolerance dose to the kidneys?
    20 Gy
  8. WIth vaginal and cervical cancers, there is an increased risk of clear cell adenocarcinoma and abnormalities of the stratified epithelium in women whose mothers (during pregnancy) used which of the following drugs:
    Diethylistilbestrol  (DES)
  9. The cervix often protrudes into the vagina, producing lateral spaces in the vaginal apex called
    Fornices
  10. Two golf club shaped hollow tubes places laterally to the cervical os into the vaginal fornicees.
    Ovoids
  11. Pathology for ovarian cancers
    Epithelial
  12. Bladder & rectal doses are very important to the gynecologic radiation therapy planning.  The point tolerance for these organs is ____cGy
    7500 cGy
  13. The outermost portion of the gynecologic tract is the _____
    vulva
  14. Which of the following cancers even at an early stage will often mets throughout the abdominal cavity?
    Ovarian
  15. Which of the following preoperative test might be used in the detection of ovarian cancer.
    Ca-125
  16. name the early screening technique for cervical cancer
    papanicolaou
  17. the most radiosenstive gynecologic structure is the  ____
    ovaries
  18. The posterior border of a lateral pelvic field is
    S3
  19. Patient postion for which a vulva filed may be treated
    frog leg
  20. painful or difficulty urination is
    dysurea
  21. the most prevalent gynecologic malignancy
    endometrial
  22. shielding block used to eliminate dose to the bladder & rectum
    midline
  23. A treatment technique which would allow a lower dose to the femoral head & neck
    TMRT
  24. pathology for vulva, vagina & cervix cancers
    Squamous cell
  25. The most common side effect from the radiation when treating cervix cancer is
    Anemia
  26. Fine superficial blood vessels caused by radiation in the areas of the vagina and cervix
    Telangiectasis
  27. What is the most lethal of all gyn cancers
    ovarian
  28. The opening into the pelvis into which the babys head enters
    pelvic inlet
  29. a slow progressive disease, with the earliest phase (in situ) occurring approximately 10 years earlier than invasive  cancer
    cervix
  30. A small, hollow, curved cylinder that fits through the cervical os and into the uterus
    tandem
  31. used to establish a precise diagnosis for cancer
    biopsy
  32. In HDR impants, central doses are prescribed to Point A and Point B, define these points.

    Point A

    Point B
    Point A- 2 cm superior to the cervical os and 2cm lateral to the endocervical canal

    Point B - 3cm lateral to point A
  33. A recent study has warrented the research of endometrium cancer in women who take which of the following drugs
    Tamoxifen
  34. The connective tissue immediately lateral to the uterine cervix
    Parametrium
  35. A patient having an abdominal pain and distention, and/or nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, heartburn) could be symptomatic to which cancer
    ovarian
  36. Cervical cancer is more prevalent than other gynecologic cancers among younger women, this mainly stems from
    intraepithelial neoplasia
  37. According to the 2008 cancer stimates, what cancer is the 5th leading cause of death in women
    Ovarian
  38. Diabetes, hypertension, overweight and increased use of estrogen or the estrogen-to-progesterone ratio relate to which of the following cancers
    Endometrium
  39. Hemoglobin may often be affected when treating the cervix or ovaries for cancer, making anemia a major concern for the patient.
    What is the normal hemoglobin percentage range?
    12 to 16 g/dll
  40. Phosphorus 32 (P32) may be used in treatment for ______ cancer
    ovarian
  41. Ovarian cancer is the most deadly of all female cancers because ______ & ________
    few symptoms & widely disseminated
  42. Dietary guidelines for patients receiving pelvic irradiation may include __________
    whole grain breads
  43. Upon completion of a radiotherapy course for cervix cancer, a patient experiences abdominal distention and hyperactive bowel sounds that could indicate _________________
    bowel obstruction
  44. What would be recommended for a patient that is having pelvic treatment  concurrently with chemotherapy?
    • Rest
    • Reassurance
    • Anti-deppressants

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