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  1. Why is geography important?
    • independence of the world
    • global communications
    • places and regions
  2. Physical geography
    weather patterns, landforms
  3. human geography
    population change, human diseases, environmental pollution
  4. latitude
    left to right (equator)
  5. longitude
    up and down (meridian)
  6. absolute location
    exact location with coordinates
  7. relative location
    location in relation to something else
  8. site
    physical attributes like terrain or water source
  9. situation
    • location of a place relative to other places 
    • accessibility to water or closeness to population centers
  10. cognitive images
    the map in your head
  11. absolute distance
    exact physical distance in miles
  12. relative distance
    expressed by time, effort, or cost
  13. cognitive distance
    how we personally feel it is
  14. friction of distance
    • time and cost to overcome that movement 
    • harder to get there, the less you go
  15. distance-decay function
    rate at which activity goes down with an increase in distance
  16. absolute space
    volume or surface area
  17. relative space
    • large or small 
    • region (pacific northwest)
  18. cognitive space
    how we personally see and interpret the space
  19. accessibility
    the easier to get to something the more likely you'll go more often
  20. connectivity
    how we connect places with other places
  21. complementary
    supply from one place, demand in another
  22. transferability
    • cost of movement 
    • moving coal or glass
  23. time-space convergence
    places move closer together due to travel or communication
  24. intervening opportunites
    determine volume of pattern, movement and flow, obstacles and how you think places interact
  25. spatial diffusion
    how something spreads over space and time
  26. expansion diffusion
    how ideas or language spread, based on proximity
  27. hierachial diffusion
    allows skipping from one location to another
  28. hearth areas
    geographic settings where new practices have developed and from which they have spread
  29. Four main hearth areas
    • Middle East- Jordan, Israel, Turkey
    • South Asia- Bangladesh, Burma
    • China
    • Americas - Mexico, and Eastern America
  30. Core regions
    • those that dominate trade, control the most advanced technologies, and have high levels of productivity within diversified economies. 
    • ex. Holland, England, France
  31. Peripheral Regions
    • dependent and disadvantageous trading relationships
    • 3rd world countries
  32. semiperipheral region
    • are able to exploit peripheral regions but are themselves exploited and dominated 
    • 2nd world 
    • Brazil, South Korea
  33. sustainability
    interdependence of the economy, the environment, and the social well being.
  34. silk road
    • connected hearth areas. links eastern Europe to the far east
    • Turkey, Syria, Afghanistan, India, china, Japan
Card Set:
2014-02-07 06:21:22
geography fvcc
geo test 1
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