HIST 1302 EXAM 1

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HIST 1302 EXAM 1
2014-02-07 18:05:51
HIST 1302

HIST 1302 EXAM 1
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  1. Homestead Act
    • provided 160 acres of free land to settlers willing to live on it for 5 years
    • you could buy the land for a rock bottom price of $1.25 per acre after living on it for six months. This act touched off the largest migration of people ever within the United States
  2. Exodusters
    more than 20000 ex-slaves who in 1879 left violence and poverty in the south to take up farming in Kansas the term exodusters reflected the belief that like the Israelites in the bibles book the exodus they were heading for the promised land
  3. Grange
    • a social and educational society for farmers it became a major political force in the Midwest in the mid 1870’s this society was
    • dedicated to alleviating some of the problems faced by farmers by promoting
    • fellowship, fraternity, and education
  4. Dawes Severalty Act
    law that started the breakup of reservations by offering Indians allotments of 160 acres of reservation land to encourage them to become independent farmers. Remaining reservation lands would be sold off and profits set aside for tools and education. Indians who accepted this rule would be able to apply for US citizenship
  5. Wounded Knee
    US soldiers opened fire on the Sioux on Dec. 29 1890 killing 200-300 this symbolized brutality associated with the conquest of the west the end of this conflict did not mean to end Indian resistance
  6. Jackson’s Frontier Thesis
    a theory that extolled the positive roll the frontier had played in shaping the American character and consequently American institutions this played a vital role in shaping American character and American institutions frontiers importance began with the first settlers during the colonial period
  7. Matzeliger Lasting Machine
    • Jan Matzeliger an immigrant of Africa and Dutch heritage from south America invented a machine that simplified the most difficult and time consuming step in making shoes (attached the upper portion of shoe to the
    • sole) this machine was complex but easy to use
  8. Horizontal integration
    Business organizations where one company buys many other companies producing the same product to get rid of competition and create better efficiency
  9. Vertical integration
    Buisness organizations where one company controls the main phases of production of a good from acquiring raw goods to retailing the finished product
  10. Sherman Antitrust Act
    • it was originally proposed as a law that empowered and authorized  the justice  department to prosecute any legal contract, combination or conspiracy among corporations that eliminated competition or
    • restrained free trade in other words it made trust illegal
  11. Three Retail Marketing Venues
    mail order,5, 10, and 25 cent store, department stores
  12. Chinese Workers
    When hard times hit in the 1870’s anti- Chinese sentiments among American workers sored ultimately leading to the Chinese Exclusion Act a law enacted in 1882 barring Chinese immigration to the united states Chinese were blamed for taking jobs from Americans.
  13. Haymarket Riot
    • outraged by the killing of a striking worker outside the McCormick Reaper Works in Chicago the cities radical labor leaders called for a mass meeting  in Haymarket Square When 300 police  came to violently break it up a violent incident touched off when a bomb exploded amid a group of police
    • officers as they broke up a peaceful labor rally in Chicago’s Haymarket square
    • on May 4 1886 this negatively affected the labor movement for years to come
  14. Social Darwism
    The belief that the principles of evolution, which Darwism observed in nature, also applied to society. Advocates argued that individuals or groups achieve advantages over others as the result of biological superiority “survival of the fittest”
  15. Ethnic Enclaves
    Urban neighborhoods dominated by one particular immigrant group often leading to names like little Italy or little Germany this caused others to form opinions of these people b/c they didn’t understand them and a lot of times people in the enclaves didn’t learn English
  16. Nativist Impulse
    anti immigrant views which believed immigrants were bringing a lot of unwanted ideas and habits into America. They wanted a lot of restrictions placed on new coming immigrants. Schools made saying the pledge an everyday thing in hopes to Americanize immigrants
  17. New roles for Women
    Now women didn’t have to work so they got involved in the anti alcohol movement and movements against things that are harmful to their children for example the chalk in the milk they also bore less children and changed what they wore And their hair
  18. The New Middle Class
    mechanics, book keepers, teachers, managers, clerks, craft workers, operatives, service workers
  19. Increase in Leisure
    This trend was at the heart of labor movement’s persistent demands for 8 hour work day as both a call for shorter hours of toil and an insistence on the right to leisure time. Leisure time informal (walking, playing games in the streets, local parks, socializing with neighbors) formal (amusement parks sports)
  20. Conspicuous Consumption
    A term used to describe lavish displays of wealth by the rich including construction of opulent mansions and hosting lavish balls
  21. Peoples Party
    • A third party effort launched in 1890 by a coalition of farmer organizations, reformers, and labor unions and dedicated to curbing
    • corporate power and increasing the voice of the mass in politics
  22. Farmers Alliances
    organizations in the 1870’s and 1880’s dedicated to helping farmers struggling with rising cost and falling crop prices by advocating farmer cooperatives and laws to regulate banks and railroads
  23. Preservation
    an environmentalist who championed preserving nature in its unspoiled state (do not touch at all)
  24. Conservation
    • An environmentalist who wanted to meet present economic needs and conserve natural resources for future generations (can use but you must replace for example trees every time you cut one down you plant a seed so
    • a new on will grow)
  25. Henry Ford
    created the assembly line which made a lot of cars in little time he paid his workers better than the norm so they too can buy the cars in which they are making during work he did not allow workers to converse and all his workers were required to go to church on Sunday (Adolf Hitler believed that Ford was a very valuable and witty anti-sematic person because of the writings he wrote called The Dearborn Independent which was published as a book in Germany name The International Jew the Worlds Foremost Problem)
  26. Carry A Nation
    A 64 year old woman strode into a southwestern Kansas bar with a bag of bricks and smashed the liquor bottles, glassware, and mirrors and calmly left. Drinking was on a rise in America from 1885-1900 alcohol consumption doubled hundreds of inspired home defenders throughout the nation organized similar attacks to convice their communities to go dry As her fame grew carry raised money by selling mini hatchet pins along with photos of herself holding a hatchet in one hand and a bible in the other