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The actors in ancient Greek plays Awore masks that completely covered Btheir face so that one actor could Ceasily play Dmultiple roles.
(E) No error
The error in this sentence occurs at (B). The singular noun “face” is not logically consistent with the plural nouns “actors” and “masks” and the plural possessive pronoun “their” that precede it. It should be replaced with the plural noun “faces.”
No Asooner had the plane’s wheels Btouched the ground Cwhen I heard the chimes of cell phones Dthroughout the cabin.
The error in this sentence occurs at (C). The conjunction “when” is unidiomatic in this context. The conjunction “than” must be used to complete the comparative structure “No sooner had…than…”
Members of the historical society Aare meeting with the mayor Bto insist that city records pertaining to local businesses and organizations Clong since defunct Dbe carefully preserved.
There is no error in this sentence.
Eighteenth-century French mathematician Sophie Germain was initially discouraged by Aher parents Bto study what was Cthen widely considered a subject Dunsuitable for women.
The error in this sentence occurs at (B). The infinitive form of the verb “to study” is unidiomatic in this context (following the verb phrase “was...discouraged”) and should be replaced with the appropriate idiomatic prepositional phrase “from studying.”
Making its return to the inner solar system after a 76-year absence, Chinese astronomers observed Halley’s Comet in 240 B.C.E.
(A) Chinese astronomers observed Halley’s Comet in 240 B.C.E.
(B) it was Chinese astronomers who in 240 B.C.E. observed Halley’s Comet.
(C) observations of Halley’s Comet were made by Chinese astronomers in 240 B.C.E.
(D) Halley’s Comet was observed by Chinese astronomers in 240 B.C.E.
(E) in 240 B.C.E. Chinese astronomers observed Halley’s Comet.
Choice (D) is correct. It avoids the modification error of the original by placing the subject “Halley’s Comet” immediately after the participial phrase that describes it, “Making its return to the inner solar system after a 76-year absence.”
The fashion writer walked into a boutique and, seeing the latest styles on display,it reminded her of the colorful dresses that Frida Kahlo had worn more than 50 years earlier.
(A) it reminded her
(B) they reminded her
(C) which reminded her
(D) were reminded
(E) was reminded
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the ambiguous pronoun of the original by removing the pronoun “it,” which refers to nothing in the sentence, and provides the passive voice past tense verb “was reminded” to be logically consistent with the past tense verb “walked.”
One of the students collected specimens of plants native to her region that were then labeled and arranged by her in a display case.
(A) region that were then labeled and arranged by her
(B) region that she then labeled and arranged them
(C) region and labeling them and arranging them
(D) region, labeled them, and arranged them
(E) region, then she labeled and arranged them
Choice (D) is correct. It avoids the awkward, passive construction of the original by creating a sentence with a parallel construction: the past tense verbs “labeled” and “arranged” (each followed by the pronoun “them”) are parallel to the preceding past tense verb “collected.”
The Irish author Samuel Beckett originally wrote his most famous play, Waiting for Godot, in French, but one might assume it to be English.
(A) French, but one might assume it to be
(B) French, not, as one might assume, in
(C) French, however, one might assume he wrote it in
(D) French; although one might assume it was
(E) French; despite the assumption that it was written in
Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the ambiguous pronoun “it” and the unidiomatic phrasing of the original by removing the pronoun “it” and providing the idiomatic preposition “in” to appropriately follow the verb “wrote” (“Beckett originally wrote...in French, not...in English”).
(1) An important figure in many West African cultures is the griot, a storyteller who entertains and serves the community as a sort of living history book. (2) Renowned for their narrative skills and extraordinary memories, griots can recount the history of a tribe or family to suit a particular occasion. (3) During a marriage ceremony a griot may tell a centuries-old story of the wedding of one of the groom’s ancestors, recalling such details as the gifts given and the clothing worn by the bride. (4) Traditional weddings among the Urhobo people of West Africa begin with a formal presentation of gifts to the family of the bride. (5) Although griots are nowadays thought of primarily as entertainers, in the past they served important political functions. (6) As trained speakers, griots were natural ambassadors.(7) Their skill with language has enabled them to resolve feuds between neighboring tribes or arrange marriages between members of important families. (8) Their knowledge of history, in addition, made griots invaluable counselors to kings or tribal chieftains. (9) Knowing how things were done in the past, they were able to offer sage advice on how to proceed as similar situations arose in the present. (10) Moreover, they could in times of crisis inspire the chieftain with “praise songs” that recounted great deeds of his ancestors or commented on the chieftain’s own positive qualities. (11) Griots also served as spiritual advisors to the community at large. (12) They brought people together and helped them live in harmony. (13) A griot could foster social cohesion by recounting tales of their common history or by offering advice and inspiration.
In context, which of the following revisions to sentence 7 (reproduced below) is most needed?Their skill with language has enabled them to resolve feuds between neighboring tribes or arrange marriages between members of important families.
(A) Inserting “Nevertheless,” at the beginning of the sentence
(B) Changing “Their” to “This” and “them” to “the ambassadors”
(C) Deleting “has”
(D) Changing “or” to “and also”
(E) Inserting “to” immediately before “arrange”
Choice (C) is correct. The second paragraph of the passage (sentences 5-10) is about the “important political functions” griots served “in the past.” Throughout the paragraph the author uses the past tense to describe the roles griots—“nowadays thought of primarily as entertainers”—once played. Sentence 6 indicates that griots “were natural ambassadors”; sentence 9 notes that they “were able to offer sage advice,” and so on. In contrast, sentence 7 uses the present perfect verb phrase “has enabled,” which suggests that griots continue “to resolve feuds…or arrange marriages” in the present—information that contradicts sentence 5. The first part of the verb phrase “has enabled” should be deleted to create the simple past tense verb “enabled.”
The students (A)have discovered that (B)they can address issues more effectively (C)through letter-writing campaigns (D)and not through public demonstrations. (E)No error
The error in this sentence occurs at (D). When a comparison is introduced by the adverb "more," as in "more effectively," the second part of the comparison must be introduced by the conjunction "than" rather than "and not."
AAfter hours of futile debate, the committee has decided Bto postpone further discussion Cof the resolution until Dtheir next meeting. ENo error
The error in this sentence occurs at (D). A pronoun must agree in number (singular or plural) with the noun to which it refers. Here, the plural pronoun "their" incorrectly refers to the singular noun "committee."
At the music recital, Alexandra Aenjoyed listening to her friend Mohammed's insightful interpretation, Bwhich she thought was Cmore sophisticated Dthan the other performers. ENo error.
The problem in this sentence is one of illogical comparison. Alexandra is said to consider Mohammed's insightful interpretation more sophisticated than the other performers, improperly comparing his interpretation to other performers, rather than to interpretations of other performers. The correct sentence reads: At the music recital, Alexandra enjoyed listening to her friend Mohammed's insightful interpretation, which she thought was more sophisticated than the interpretations of the other performers.
Originally a Aprotest on Bconventional painting, the Pre-Raphaelite movement Cexerted great influence on the art Dof its time. ENo error
The error in this sentence is (A): the phrase "protest on" is not idiomatic in standard written English. The verb "protest" takes the preposition "against." The correct sentence reads:Originally a protest against conventional painting, the Pre-Raphaelite movement exerted great influence on the art of its time.
The board Areviewing the courses offered by the college Bfound that the quality of academic programs Cwere generally good but Dsomewhat uneven. ENo error
The error in this sentence is (C): the verb "were" (which is plural) does not agree in number with the noun "quality" (which is singular). The correct sentence reads: The board reviewing the courses offered by the college found that the quality of academic programs was generally good but somewhat uneven.
If he Ahad begun Bearlier, he might have succeeded Cin finishing the Dextremely complex project before the deadline. ENo error
Each of the parts of the sentence underlined with A, B, C, and D is correct as written. Therefore choice (E): no error is the appropriate answer.
Maude Adams, after her spectacular Atriumph as the original Peter Pan, Bwent about C and was accessible to Donly a handful of intimate friends. ENo error
The error in this sentence is (C): the word "heavy" in the phrase "heavy veiled" should not be in the form of an adjective but in the adverbial form since it is used to modify the participle "veiled." The correct sentence reads: Maude Adams, after her spectacular triumph as the original Peter Pan, went about heavily veiled and was accessible to only a handful of intimate friends.
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